Scots Cant

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Scots Cant (aften simply Cant) is a cant spoken in Scotland bi Scots Travellers.[1]

Classification[eedit | eedit soorce]

Although a certain amoont o Romani wirds hae entered Scots Cant through intermarriage wi Breetish Romanis, Scots Travellers are an autochthonous group o travelling fowk an no tae be ramfeeselt wi Breetish New Age Travellers. Scots Cant essentially remains a Germanic leid.[1] The Goidelic (Erse an Gaelic) element in Scottish Cant is put onywhaur atween 0.8% an 20%.[1]

Uise o archaic Scots[eedit | eedit soorce]

Scots Cant uises numerous terms derived frae Scots which are nae langer current in Modern Scots as spoken bi non-Travellers, such as mowdit "buried", mools "earth", baith frae muild(s), an gellie, frae gailey (galley), "a bothy".[1]

Gaelic influences[eedit | eedit soorce]

Loans frae Gaelic include wirds like:[1]

  • cluishes "ears" (Gaelic cluasan or cluais, a dative form o cluas "ear")
  • shan "bad" (Gaelic sean "auld")

Romani influences[eedit | eedit soorce]

There are Romani loans such as an the percentage o Romani lexial borraeins is said tae be up tae 20% o the lexicon; some examples are:[1]

  • gadgie "man" (Romani gadžó "a non-Romani person")
  • pannie "water" (Romani paní)

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Kirk, J. & Ó Baoill, D. Travellers and their Language (2002) Queen's University Belfast ISBN 0-85389-832-4

See an aa[eedit | eedit soorce]

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