Qurfays

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Qurfays

قرفيص
Veelage
Qurfays is locatit in Syria
Qurfays
Qurfays
Coordinates: 35°15′59″N 35°59′19″E / 35.26639°N 35.98861°E / 35.26639; 35.98861
Kintra Sirie
GovrenorateLatakia Govrenorate
DestrictJableh Destrict
NahiyahAl-Qutailibiyah
Population
 (2004)[1]
 • Tot799
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

Qurfays (Arabic: القطيلبية‎, spelt Qurfeis or Korfeis) is a veelage in northwastren Sirie, admeenistratively pairt o the Jableh Destrict in the Latakia Govrenorate, locatit sooth o Latakia. Nearbi localities include Arab al-Mulk tae the wast, Jableh tae the northwast, al-Aqibah an al-Qutailibiyah to the northeast, Dweir Baabda tae the sootheast. Accordin tae the Sirie Central Bureau o Statistics, Qurfays haed a population o 5,566 in the 2004 census.[1] Its inhabitants are predominantly Alawites an is ane o the centres o the lairge Douba faimily. Ali Douba, the umwhile langtime Chief o Militar Intelligence.[2]

The municipality o Qurfays wis establisht in 1979 tae admeenister the local affairs o the veelage as well as nearbi al-Barazin, al-Zahra, Bishnana an Mahwarta. Thare are aboot 7,000 fowk livin in the municipality whose mayor in 2008 wis Abdullah Ehsan.[3]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Qurfays servit as minor fortress veelage unner the authority o the Knichts Hospitallers fortress o Margat in the 13t-century an wis referred tae as Corveis.[4] In 1271 the Mamluk sultan Baibars defeatit the Crusaders in the coastal muntain range o Sirie an forcit the Hospitallers tae evacuate Qurfays, amang ither fortresses.[5] Housomeivver, afore they athdrew, they destroyed Qurfays an nearbi Balda.[5][6] In the 1281 treaty atween Mamluk sultan Qalawun an the Crusader king Bohemond IV o Antioch, Qurfays wis amang the mony fortresses officially haundit tae the Mamluks.[7]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 General Census of Population and Housing 2004. Sirie Central Bureau o Statistics (CBS). Latakia Govrenorate. (in Arabic)
  2. Batatu, 1992, p. 240.
  3. Khatib, Sharaf.Municipality Qrfais and Wide Range of Services and Suffering from Lack of Central Lines for Sanitation. Unity Foundation for Press, Printing and Publishing. 2008-09-14.
  4. Riley-Smith, 2012, p. 91.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Riley-Smith, 2012, p. 211.
  6. Bronstein, 2005, p. 44.
  7. Holt, 1995, p. 63.

Bibliografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Batatu, Hanna (1999). Syria's Peasantry, the Descendants of Its Lesser Rural Notables, and Their Politics. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0691002541.
  • Bronstein, Judith (2005). The Hospitallers And The Holy Land: Financing The Latin East, 1187-1274. Boydell Press. ISBN 1843831317.
  • Holt, Peter Malcolm (1995). Early Mamluk Diplomacy, 1260-1290: Treaties of Baybars and Qalāwūn with Christian Rulers. BRILL. pp. 149–150. ISBN 9004102469.
  • Riley-Smith, Jonathan (2012). The Knights Hospitaller in the Levant, C.1070-1309. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 0230290833.