North Banat Destrict
Districtul Banatul de Nord
|Destrict o Serbie|
Location o North Banat District in Serbie
|• Total||2,329 km2 (899 sq mi)|
|Population (2011 census)|
|• Density||63.0/km2 (163/sq mi)|
|- Ceeties an touns||7|
North Banat Destrict (Serbie: Севернобанатски округ, Severnobanatski okrug, Hungarian: Észak-bánsági körzet, Croatie: Sjevernobanatski okrug, Slovak: Severobanátsky okres, Romanie: Districtul Banatul de Nord, Rusyn: Сивернобанатски окрух) is a northren district o Serbie. It lees in the regions o Banat an Bačka, in the autonomous province o Vojvodina. As o the 2011 census, the destrict haes a population of 146,690. The seat o the destrict is Kikinda.
Municipalities[eedit | eedit soorce]
The North Banat Destrict comprises 6 municipalities an 50 local commonties. The municipalities are:
- Kanjiža (Hungarian: Magyarkanizsa)
- Senta (Hungarian: Zenta)
- Ada (Hungarian: Ada)
- Čoka (Hungarian: Csóka)
- Novi Kneževac
Note: for municipalities wi Hungarian ethnic majority, the names aregiven in Hungarian an aw.
An interestin fact is that the first three municipalities enleetit (Kanjiža, Senta an Ada) are geografically, in fact, in the Bačka region syne the natural border aetween Banat an Bačka is the river Tisa.
Demografics[eedit | eedit soorce]
The destrict is ethnically mixed. Its population is composed o (Census 2002):
- Hungarians = 78,551 (47.35%)
- Serbs = 72,242 (43.55%)
- Roma = 3,944 (2.37%)
- Yugoslavs = 3,018 (1.81%)
Leids spoken in the destrict (Census 2002):
Municipalities wi Serb ethnic majority are Kikinda (76.43%) an Novi Kneževac (59.53%), while municipalities wi Hungarian ethnic majority are: Ada (76.64%), Čoka (51.56%), Kanjiža (86.52%), an Senta (80.51%).
As for local commonties, 30 hae Hungarian majority, 19 hae Serb majority, an 1 is ethnically mixed, wi Hungarian relative majority.
Administrative history[eedit | eedit soorce]
In the 9th century, the area was ruled by the Bulgarian-Slavic dukes Glad (in the east) and Salan (in the west), while in the 11th century, the eastern part of the area was ruled by duke Ahtum. From 11th to 16th century, during the administration of the medieval Kingdom of Hungary, the area was divided between the Csanadiensis County, Temesiensis County and Torontaliensis County in the east, and Csongradiensis County, Bacsensis County and Bodrogiensis County in the west. Part of the area was also located within the Cumania region. In 1526-1527, the area was ruled by the independent Serb ruler, emperor Jovan Nenad, while during Ottoman administration (16th-18th century), it was divided between the Temeşvar Eyalet in the east and the Sanjak of Segedin in the west.
During Habsburg administration (18th century), the area was divided between the Banat of Temeswar in the east and the Military Frontier in the west. Since the abolishment of the Theiß-Marosch section of the Military Frontier (in 1751), and abolishment of the Banat of Temeswar (in 1778), the area was divided between the Torontal County in the east and the Batsch-Bodrog County in the west, with a small part of it that was located within the Tschongrad County. Much of the area was part of the autonomous districts of Velika Kikinda (existed from 1774 to 1876 within the Torontal County) in the east and Potisje (existed from 1751 to 1848 within the Batsch-Bodrog County) in the west. In 1850s, the area was divided between the Veliki Bečkerek District in the east and Sombor and Novi Sad districts in the west. After 1860, it was again divided between Torontal, Batsch-Bodrog and Tschongrad counties.
During the royal Serb-Croat-Slovene (Yugoslav) administration (1918-1941), the area was initially (from 1918 to 1922) divided between the Veliki Bečkerek County in the east and the Novi Sad County in the west. From 1922 to 1929, it was part of the Belgrade Oblast, and from 1929 to 1941 part of the Danube Banovina.
Durin the German-Hungarian Axis occupation (1941-1944), the aurie wis dividit atween the Banat autonomous region (pairt o German-occupee'd puppet state o Serbie) in the east an the Bács-Bodrog Coonty (an admeenistrative unit of Horthy's Hungary) in the wast. Initially, the Banat region wis pairt of the rump Danube Banovina (whose caipital wis muivit tae Smederevo), but syne December 1941, it was organized as one of the destricts o Serbie an wis offeecially namit the Destrict o Veliki Bečkerek.
Syne 1944, the aurie wis pairt o autonomous Yugoslav Vojvodina (which wis pairt o new socialist Yugoslav Serbie syne 1945). The present-day destricts o Serbie (includin North Banat Destrict) wur defined bi the Govrenment o Serbie's Enactment o 29 Januar 1992.
Cultur[eedit | eedit soorce]
Kikinda wis the scene o the region's first theatrical performance, given in German, in 1796.
Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]
Kikinda is the center o the Serbie clay biggin materials production, as a seat o the IGM DD "Toza Marković" company, which is the auldest clay producer in Europe. The "Kikinda" foondry is the major Serbie producer an exporter o grinders. An aw the "25 maj" factory o agricultural machines an equipment, an the "Electron" are the factories runnin production for baith the local an foreign mercats.
See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]
Note: Aw offeecial material made bi Govrenment o Serbie is public bi law. Information wis taken frae offeecial wabsteid.
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