Majd al-Krum

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Majd al-Krum
  • מג'ד אל-כרום
  • مجد الكروم
Ebreu transcription(s)
 • An aa spelled Majd al-Kurum (offeecial)
Destrict Northren
 • Teep (frae 1964)
 • Tot 5,400 dunams (5.4 km2 or 2.1 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Tot 13,500
Name meanin "Vineyard o Glory"

Majd al-Krum (Arabic: مجد الكروم‎‎, Ebreu: מַגְ'ד אל-כֻּרוּםMajd al-Kurum) is an Arab toun locatit in the Upper Galilee in Israel's North Destrict aboot 16 kilometers (10 miles) east o Acre. The name o the veelage translates tae "Vineyard o Glory,"[1] reflectin the toun's fame for the quality o its grape vines.[2] The toun is entirely inhabitit bi Muslims. In 2009 it haed a population o roughly 13,500.[3]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Majd al-Krum's name probably comes frae the "watch-hoose o the vineyard" in Arabic.[4] Majd al-Kurum receives it name for its history o growin grapes. Auncient ruins (locatit on the ootskirts o the toun), consistin o pits built intae the rocks whare the residents uised their feet tae press their grape crop tae mak wine.

In 1596 Majd al-Krum appeared in Ottoman tax registers as being in the Nahiya o Akka o the Liwa o Safad. It haed a population o 90 Muslim hoosehaulds includin five bachelors an paid taxes on wheat, barley, olives or fruit trees, cotton, an goats or beehives.[5] In the late 19t century, it wis describit as a veelage built o stane an surroondit bi olive trees an arable land. It wis inhabitit bi 600–800 Muslims.[6]

At the time o the 1931 census, Majd al-Krum haed 226 occupee'd hooses an a population o 1,006 Muslims.[7] Bi 1945, Majd al-Kurum haed 1,400 inhabitants, aw classifee'd as Arabs. They awned a total o 17,828 dunams o land, while 2214 dunams wur public property.[8]

Majd al-Krum wis captured bi Israeli forces in October 1948. In the 1960s Israel confiscatit a lairge percentage o land frae Majd al-Krum tae form the ceety o Karmiel. The toun wis made a local cooncil in 1964.[1] On the ootskirts o toun ane can see auncient ruins consistin o pits built intae the rocks whare the auncient residents uised their feet tae press their grape crop tae mak wine.

In 2003 Majd al-Krum alang wi the nearbi local cooncils o Deir al-Asad an Bi'ina mergit tae form the ceety o Shaghur.[1] Durin the 2006 Lebanon War, ower 40 Katyusha rockets landit in the vicinity o Shaghur, wi the nearbi ceety o Karmiel being the apparent target. Twa men frae Majd al-Krum, Baha' Karim an Muhammad Subhi Mana', wur killed when a rocket struck near them.[9] Shaghur wis later dissolvit in 2009.[3]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Gutterman, Dov. Local Council of Majd el-Kurum (Israel). Flags of th World.
  2. Asser, Martin. Inside a Palestinian refugee camp. BBC News. 2008-05-17.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Table 1 - Population of Localities Numbering Above 2,500 Residents. Israel Central Bureau of Statistics (ICBS). 2009.
  4. Palmer, 1881, p. 52
  5. Wolf-Dieter Hütteroth and Kamal Abdulfattah (1977). Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. p. 191. 
  6. Conder an Kitchener, 1881, SWP, p. 150
  7. E. Mills, ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine. pp. 100–101. 
  8. Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in S. Hadawi, Village Statistics, 1945. PLO Research Center, 1970 p.40
  9. Civilians under assault, Case Studies: Karmiel, Majd al-Kurum and Deir al-Assad Human Rights Watch. August 2007.

Bibliography[eedit | eedit soorce]

Template:Israeli municipality merger o 2003