View of Deir al-Asad, Carisa Lea, 2007
|• Tot||4,756 dunams (4.8 km2 or 1.9 sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||IDT (UTC+3)|
Deir al-Asad (Arabic: دير الأسد) is a veelage in the Galilee region o Israel, 49 kilometers frae Haifa. It is locatit abuin al-Araas muntain. Aw the residents are Muslims. The number o the residents in 2003 wis approximately 8,400.
History[eedit | eedit soorce]
Deir al-Asad's name literally means "the lion's monastery" in Arabic. In the late 19t century, it wis describit as a veelage o 600 Muslims, containin a few ruins. It wis surroondit bi olive-trees an arable land, wi a spring nearby.
The toun is maistly populatit bi the Asadi an Dabbah faimilies. Accordin tae the 1931 Breetish census, Deir al-Asad haed 858 Muslim residents livin in 179 hooses. Bi 1945, Deir el Asad haed 1,100 inhabitants, aw classifee'd as Arabs. They awned a total o 8,366 dunams o land, while 7 dunams wur public.
Afore 1962 the veelage o Deir al-Asad wis self-sufficient in fuid. It producit enough meat, fruit, wheat an vegetables for itsel an sauld the surplus in Acre or Nazareth. In 1962 its land in the Majd al-Kurum valley was confiscated for the Carmiel toun project, and the veelage was thereby stripped of its most fertile acres. Anerlie the hill land tae the north, consistin mainly o olive groves, remained. In ane blow the economy o Deir al-Asad wis ruined. The day anerlie 10% o the labour force can wirk on the land, ower 80% hae tae commute daily tae the factories o Haifa or wirk as labourers on Jewish ferms.
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Palmer, 1881, p. p.42
- Conder an Kitchener, 1881, SWP, p. 150
- E. Mills, ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine. pp. 100–101.
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in S. Hadawi, Village Statistics, 1945. PLO Research Center, 1970 p. 40.
- Gilmour, 1983, p. 108.
- Amun, Davis, and San´allah, 1977, pp. 4–5.
Bibliography[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Amun, H.; Davis, U.; San´allah, N. D. (1977). Deir al-Asad: The Destiny of an Arab Village in Galilee, in Palestinian Arabs in Israel: Two Case Studies. London: Ithaca Press.
- Conder, Claude Reignier and H.H. Kitchener (1881): The Survey of Western Palestine: memoirs of the topography, orography, hydrography, and archaeology. London:Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund. vol 1, map III
- Gilmour, David (1983). Dispossessed: The Ordeal of the Palestinians. United Kingdom: Sphere Books.
- Hadawi, Sami (1970), Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine, Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center
- Palmer, E. H. (1881): The survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English name lists collected during the survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and explained by E.H. Palmer.
- Pringle, Denys (1993), The Churches of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem: A-K (excluding Acre and Jerusalem), Cambridge University Press .p.80 -92