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ISO basic Laitin alphabet
Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg
Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn
Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu
Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz
D'Nealian Cursive.svg
Circle sheer blue 29.png
Circle sheer blue 29.png
Cursive script 'l' and capital 'L' in the U.S. D'Nealian script style

L (named el[1] /ˈɛl/)[2] is the twelft letter o the ISO basic Latin alphabet. In Roman numerals it represents 50.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Egyptian hieroglyph Phoenician
Etruscan L Greek
PhoenicianL-01.png EtruscanL-01.png Lambda uc lc.svg

Lamedh mey hae come frae a pictogram o an ox goad or cattle prod. Some hae suggestit a shepherd's staff.

Pronunciation[eedit | eedit soorce]

In Inglis, L can hae several soond values, dependin on whether it occurs afore or efter a vowel. The alveolar lateral approximant (the soond representit in IPA bi lawercase [l]) occurs afore a vowel, as in 'lip' or 'please', while the velarized alveolar lateral approximant (IPA [ɫ]) occurs in 'bell' an 'milk'. This velarization daes nae occur in mony European leid that uise L; it is an aa a factor makin the pronunciation o L difficult for uisers o leids that lack L or hae different values for it, sic as Japanese or some soothren dialects o Cheenese.

L can occur afore almaist ony obstruent (stap, fricative, or affricate) in Inglis. Common digraphs include LL, which haes a value identical tae L in Inglish, but haes the separate value voiceless alveolar lateral fricative (IPA /ɬ/) in Welsh, whaur it can appear in an ineetial poseetion.

A palatal lateral approximant or palatal 'L' (IPA /ʎ/) occurs in mony leids, an is representit bi 'GL' in Italian, 'LL' in Spainyie an Catalan, 'LH' in Portuguese, an 'Ļ' in Latvie.

In Inglis writin, L is eften silent in sic wirds as 'walk' or 'coud' (its presence can modify the precedin vowel letter's soond; e.g. 'wak' micht be pronoonced tae rhyme wi 'back').

Siller signs[eedit | eedit soorce]

The caipital letter 'L' is uised as the currency sign for the Albanian lek an the Honduran lempira. It wis eften uised, especially in haundwritin, as the siller sign for the Italian lira. It is an aa infrequently uised as a substitute for the poond sign (£), which is based on it.

Fairm[eedit | eedit soorce]

In some fonts, the lawercase letter L, 'l' mey be difficult tae distinguish frae the deegit ane, '1' or an uppercase letter I, 'I'. In recent times, mony new fonts hae curved the lawercase fairm tae the richt, an it is increasingly common, especially on European road signs an advertisements. A mair stylized version based on the haundwritten letterlike 'ℓ' is whiles uised in mathematics an elsewhaur. Its LaTeX command is \ell, its codepynt is U+2113, an its numeric character reference is "ℓ".

Relatit letters an ither similar characters[eedit | eedit soorce]

Computin codes[eedit | eedit soorce]

Character L l
Encodins decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 76 U+004C 108 U+006C
UTF-8 76 4C 108 6C
Numeric chairacter reference L L l l
EBCDIC faimily 211 0 D3 147 0 93
ASCII 1 76 0 4C 108 0 6C
1 An aa for encodings based on ASCII, includin the DOS, Windows, ISO-8859 an Macintosh faimilies o encodins.

Ither representations[eedit | eedit soorce]

NATO phonetic Morse code
Lima ·–··
ICS Lima.svg Semaphore Lima.svg [[File:Sign language {{{fingerspelling}}}.svg|90px]] ⠇
Seegnal banner Banner semaphore American manual alphabet (ASL fingerspellin) Braille

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Sometimes spelled ell
  2. "L" Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition (1989) Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged. (1993); "el", "ells", op. cit.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Media relatit tae L at Wikimedia Commons
  • The dictionar defineetion o L at Wiktionary
  • The dictionar defineetion o l at Wiktionary
  • The dictionar defineetion o at Wiktionary

Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz
Letter L with diacritics
Ĺĺ Ľľ Ļļ Ḷḷ Ḹḹ Ḽḽ Ḻḻ Łł Ŀŀ Ƚƚ Ⱡⱡ Ɫɫ ɬ ɭ ȴ