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ISO basic Latin alphabet
Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg
Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn
Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu
Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz
Circle sheer blue 27.png
Circle sheer blue 33.gif
Cursive script 'd' and capital 'D'

D (named dee /ˈd/[1]) is the fowert letter o maist variants o the basic modern Latin alphabet. Seembol "D" is 500 in Roman numerals.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Egyptian hieroglyph 
PhoenicianD-01.png Delta uc lc.svg EtruscanD-01.svg Roman D

The Semitic letter Dâlet mey hae developed frae the logogram for a fish or a door. Thare various Egyptian hieroglyphs that micht hae inspired this. In Semitic, Auncient Greek an Latin, the letter representit /d/; in the Etruscan alphabet the letter wis superfluous but still retained (see letter B). The equivalent Greek letter is Delta, 'Δ'.

The minuscule (lawer-case) fairm o 'd' consists o a luip an a tall vertical stroke. It developed bi gradual variations on the majuscule (caipital) form. In haundwritin, it wis common tae stairt the arc tae the left o the vertical stroke, resultin in a serif at the tap o the arc. This serif wis extended while the rest o the letter wis reduced, resultin in an angled stroke an luip. The angled stroke slawly developed intae a vertical stroke.

Uisage[eedit | eedit soorce]

File:Boundary stane on the Demeljoch - 2.jpg
The letter D, staunin for "Deutschland", i.e. Germany in German, on a boondary stane at the border atween Austrick an Germany.

In naur aw leids that uise the Latin alphabet an the Internaitional Phonetic Alphabet 'd' represents the voiced alveolar or voiced dental plosive /d/, but in the Vietnamese alphabet, it represents the soond /z/ (or /j/ in soothren dialects). In Fijian it represents a prenasalized stap /nd/.[2] In some leids whaur voiceless unaspirated staps contrast wi voiceless aspiratit staps, 'd' represents an unaspirated /t/, while 't' represents an aspirated /tʰ/. Examples o such leids include Icelandic, Scottish Gaelic, Navajo, Estonie an the Pinyin transleeteration o Mandarin.

Relatit letters an ither similar characters[eedit | eedit soorce]

Computin codes[eedit | eedit soorce]

Character D d
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 68 U+0044 100 U+0064
UTF-8 68 44 100 64
Numeric character reference D D d d
EBCDIC family 196 C4 132 84
ASCII 1 68 44 100 64
1 An aa for encodings based on ASCII, includin the DOS, Windows, ISO-8859 an Macintosh faimilies o encodings.

Ither representations[eedit | eedit soorce]

NATO phonetic Morse code
Delta –··
ICS Delta.svg Semaphore Delta.svg ⠙
Signal flag Flag semaphore Braille

In Breetish Sign Leid (BSL), the letter 'd' is indicatit bi signin wi the richt haund held wi the index an thumb extended an slichtly curved, an the tip o the thumb an finger held against the extendit index o the left haund.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "D" Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition (1989); Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (1993); "dee", op. cit.
  2. Lynch, John (1998). Pacific languages: an introduction. University of Hawaii Press. p. 97. ISBN 0-8248-1898-9. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Media relatit tae D at Wikimedie Commons
  • The dictionar defineetion o D at Wiktionar
  • The dictionar defineetion o d at Wiktionar

Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz
Letter D with diacritics
Ďď Ḋḋ Ḑḑ Ḍḍ Ḓḓ Ḏḏ Đđ Ɖɖ Ɗɗ Ƌƌ ȡ