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ISO basic Laitin alphabet
Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg
Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn
Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu
Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz
Circle sheer blue 31.gif
Circle sheer blue 31.gif
Cursive script 'm' and capital 'M'

M (named em /ˈɛm/)[1] is the thirteent letter o the ISO basic Latin alphabet.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The letter M is derived frae the Phoenician Mem, via the Greek Mu (Μ, μ). Semitic Mem probably oreeginally pictured watter. It is kent that Semitic fowk workin in Egyp c. 2000 BC borrowed a hieroglyph for "watter" that wis first uised for an alveolar nasal (/n/), acause o the Egyptian wird for watter, n-t. This same seembol acame uised for /m/ in Semitic, acause the wird for watter began wi that soond.

Egyptian hieroglyph "N" Phoenician
Etruscan M Greek
Roman M
PhoenicianM-01.png EtruscanM-01.svg Mu uc lc.svg Roman M

The letter 'm' represents the bilabial consonant soond, [m], in Classical leids as well as the modren leids. The Oxford Inglis Dictionary (first edeetion) says that 'm' is sometimes a vowel in wirds like spasm an in the suffix -ism. In modren terminology, this would be described as a syllabic consonant — IPA [m̩].

Relatit letters an ither similar characters[eedit | eedit soorce]

Computin codes[eedit | eedit soorce]

Character M m
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 77 U+004D 109 U+006D
UTF-8 77 4D 109 6D
Numeric character reference M M m m
EBCDIC faimily 212 D4 148 94
ASCII 1 77 4D 109 6D
1 An aa for encodings based on ASCII, includin the DOS, Windows, ISO-8859 an Macintosh faimilies o encodins.

Ither representations[eedit | eedit soorce]

NATO phonetic Morse code
Mike ––
ICS Mike.svg Semaphore Mike.svg ⠍
Signal flag Flag semaphore Braille

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "M" Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition (1989); Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (1993); "em," op. cit.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Media relatit tae M at Wikimedia Commons
  • The dictionar defineetion o M at Wiktionary
  • The dictionar defineetion o m at Wiktionary

Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz
Letter M with diacritics
Ḿḿ Ṁṁ Ṃṃ Ɱɱ