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ISO basic Laitin alphabet
Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg
Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn
Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu
Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz
D'Nealian Cursive.svg
Circle sheer blue 29.png
Circle sheer blue 29.png
Cursive script 'p' and capital 'P' in the U.S. D'Nealian script style

P (named pee /ˈp/[1] ) is the saxteent letter o the ISO basic Latin alphabet.

Uisage[eedit | eedit soorce]

In Inglis an maist ither European leids, P is a voiceless bilabial plosive. Baith ineetial an final ‹p›s can be combined wi mony ither discrete consonants in Inglis wirds. A common example o assimilation is the tendency o prefixes endin in ‹n› tae assume an ‹m› soond afore ‹p›s (such as: in + pulseimpulse — see: Leet o Latin wirds wi Inglis derivatives).

A common digraph in Inglis is ‹ph›, which represents the voiceless labiodental fricative /f/, an can be uised tae transleeterate Phi (‹φ›) in loanwords frae Greek. In German, the digraph ‹pf› is common, representin a labial affricate o /pf/.

Arabic speakers are uisually unaccustomed tae pronooncin /p/; thay pronoonce it as /b/. In wirds that Arabic inheritit frae the Proto-Semitic leid, /p/ is uisually pronoonced /f/.

Maist Inglis wirds beginnin wi P are o foreign origin, primarily French, Latin, Greek, an Slavic; thir leids preserve Proto-Indo-European initial /*p/. Native Inglis cognates o sic wirds eften stairt wi F, syne Inglis is a Germanic leid an sicweys haes unnergone Grimm's law; a native Inglis wird wi initial /p/ wad reflect Proto-Indo-European ineetial /*b/, which is sae rare that its existence as a phoneme is disputit.

Houiver, native Inglish wirds wi non-initial P are quite common; sic wirds can come frae aither Kluge's law or the sp combination; PIE /*p/ is preserved efter s.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Archaic Greek
PhoenicianP-01.svg GreekP-02.svg Pi uc lc.svg EtruscanP-01.svg RomanP-01.png

Relatit letters an ither similar characters[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Latin letter P represents the same soond as the Greek letter pi, but it leuks lik the Greek letter rho.

Computin codes[eedit | eedit soorce]

Character P p
Encodins decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 80 U+0050 112 U+0070
UTF-8 80 50 112 70
Numeric chairacter reference P P p p
EBCDIC faimily 215 0 D7 151 0 97
ASCII 1 80 0 50 112 0 70
1 An aa for encodins based on ASCII, includin the DOS, Windows, ISO-8859 an Macintosh faimilies o encodins.

Ither representations[eedit | eedit soorce]

NATO phonetic Morse code
Papa ·––·
ICS Papa.svg Semaphore Papa.svg [[File:Sign language {{{fingerspelling}}}.svg|90px]] {{{Braille}}}
Seegnal banner Banner semaphore American manual alphabet (ASL fingerspellin) Braille

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "P", Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition (1989); Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (1993); "pee," op. cit.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Media relatit tae P at Wikimedia Commons
  • The dictionar defineetion o P at Wiktionary
  • The dictionar defineetion o p at Wiktionary

Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz
Letter P with diacritics
Ṕṕ Ṗṗ Ᵽᵽ Ƥƥ P̃p̃