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ISO basic Laitin alphabet
Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg
Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn
Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu
Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz
Circle sheer blue 29.png
Circle sheer blue 29.png
Cursive script 'p' and capital 'P'

P (named pee /ˈp/[1] ) is the saxteent letter o the ISO basic Latin alphabet.

Uisage[eedit | eedit soorce]

In Inglis an maist ither European leids, P is a voiceless bilabial plosive. Baith ineetial an final ‹p›s can be combined wi mony ither discrete consonants in Inglis wirds. A common example o assimilation is the tendency o prefixes endin in ‹n› tae assume an ‹m› soond afore ‹p›s (such as: in + pulseimpulse — see: Leet o Latin wirds wi Inglis derivatives).

A common digraph in Inglis is ‹ph›, which represents the voiceless labiodental fricative /f/, an can be uised tae transleeterate Phi (‹φ›) in loanwords frae Greek. In German, the digraph ‹pf› is common, representin a labial affricate o /pf/.

Arabic speakers are uisually unaccustomed tae pronooncin /p/; thay pronoonce it as /b/. In wirds that Arabic inheritit frae the Proto-Semitic leid, /p/ is uisually pronoonced /f/.

Maist Inglis wirds beginnin wi P are o foreign origin, primarily French, Latin, Greek, an Slavic; these leids preserve Proto-Indo-European initial /*p/. Native Inglis cognates o such wirds eften stairt wi F, syne Inglis is a Germanic leid an thus haes unnergone Grimm's law; a native Inglis wird wi initial /p/ would reflect Proto-Indo-European ineetial /*b/, which is so rare that its existence as a phoneme is disputit.

However, native Inglish wirds wi non-initial P are quite common; such wirds can come frae either Kluge's law or the sp combination; PIE /*p/ is preserved efter s.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Archaic Greek
PhoenicianP-01.svg GreekP-02.svg Pi uc lc.svg EtruscanP-01.svg RomanP-01.png

Relatit letters an ither similar characters[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Latin letter P represents the same soond as the Greek letter pi, but it leuks like the Greek letter rho.

Computin codes[eedit | eedit soorce]

Character P p
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 80 U+0050 112 U+0070
UTF-8 80 50 112 70
Numeric character reference P P p p
EBCDIC faimily 215 D7 151 97
ASCII 1 80 50 112 70
1 An aa for encodins based on ASCII, includin the DOS, Windows, ISO-8859 an Macintosh faimilies o encodins.

Ither representations[eedit | eedit soorce]

NATO phonetic Morse code
Papa ·––·
ICS Papa.svg Semaphore Papa.svg {{{Braille}}}
Signal flag Flag semaphore Braille

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "P", Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition (1989); Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (1993); "pee," op. cit.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Media relatit tae P at Wikimedia Commons
  • The dictionar defineetion o P at Wiktionary
  • The dictionar defineetion o p at Wiktionary

Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz
Letter P with diacritics
Ṕṕ Ṗṗ Ᵽᵽ Ƥƥ P̃p̃