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Geographic distribution o Gaelic speakers in Scotland (2011)
Gaelic-leid road sign in Mallaig

The Gàidhealtachd (Scots Gaelic pronunciation: [ˈkɛːəl̪ˠt̪əxk] ( listen); Inglis: Gaeldom[1]) forordinar refers tae the Hielands an Islands o Scotland an the Gaelic-speaking cultur o these airts;[1] likeways, the siclike Irish word Gaeltacht refers tae Irish-speaking airts o Ireland. These are baith historic launds o the Gaels an share a common Celtic culture.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Gaelic leid wi'in the Gàidhealtachd has a lang history; in the 1700s, Gaelic wis the main written an spaken leid o the Hielands but was confined to that pairt o Scotland.[2] Syne the 16t-centurie, thar increasin uiss o Scots an Scots hank on Gaelic in and outwith the Gàidhealtachd; acause o the Statutes o Iona (1609) an the Scuilin Act (1616), mony Hieland Gaels wis gart to gang tae the Lallans an learn Inglis (then the term fae Lallans Scots).[3]

The Gàidhealtachd o Maritime Canada.

The population o the Hielands reached its peak atween 1820 an 1840 in maist districts. However, there were mair (an increasin) numbers o Gaelic-speakin fowk in Scotland acause o migration tae the Lallans; wi migration in the late 18t-centurie, muckle Gaelic communities were fundat in Lallans touns an cities outwith Scotland an aa.[2]

Outwith Scotland[eedit | eedit soorce]

In Canada, at yin time the Scots Gaelic leid wis the third maist spaken leid eftir Inglis an French (wi 50,000 speakers in Nova Scotia alane (1901)[2]), an is still spaik bi a minority o Canadiens whase forebeirs cam fae Gaelic-speakin Scotland.[4]

The Codroy Valley in Newfoondland had a Gaelic-speaking minority til the 1960s, wi its ain Scots Gaelic traditions an cultur.[5] In 2011, 1,275 fowk in the Canadian Gàidhealtachd spaik Scots Gaelic, an aboot 300 fowk spaik the leid as thair main leid.[6]

Reference[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. a b Dawson, Jane (1998). "The Gaidhealtachd and the emergence of the Scottish Highlands". British Consciousness and Identity: The Making of Britain, 1533–1707. Cambridge University Press: 259–300.
  2. a b c Brown, Ian (2006). Edinburgh History of Scottish Literature: Enlightenment, Britain and Empire (1707-1918) (in Inglis). Edinburgh University Press. pp. 21–22. ISBN 978-0-7486-3064-6.
  3. Horsburgh, Davie (1997). "'The hail kintra is gat begunkit': The thrawn historie o Scotlan's cultures". Cairn The Historie Jurnal in the Scots Leid. 1: 15-21.
  4. Watson, Moray (2010). "Scottish Gaelic in Canada". Edinburgh Companion to the Gaelic Language (in Inglis). Edinburgh University Press. pp. 90–104. ISBN 978-0-7486-3710-2.
  5. Margaret, Bennett (5 Juin 1975). "Some aspects of the Scottish Gaelic traditions of the Codroy Valley, Newfoundland". research.library.mun.ca.
  6. StatCan, 2011

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

Articles outwith[eedit | eedit soorce]

Further readin[eedit | eedit soorce]