Bat Yam

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Bat Yam
Ebreu transcription(s)
 • Ebreu בַּת יָם
 • ISO 259 Batt Yamm

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Bat Yam is located in Israel
Bat Yam
Bat Yam
Coordinates: 32°01′N 34°45′E / 32.017°N 34.750°E / 32.017; 34.750
Destrict Tel Aviv
Foondit 1926
Government
 • Type Ceety (frae 1958)
 • Heid o Municipality Shlomo Lahyani
Area
 • Total 8,167 dunams (8.167 km2 or 3.153 sq mi)
Population (2009)[1]
 • Total 130,000
Name meaning 'Dochter o Jerusalem'. lit. 'Dochter o the sea', can mean 'mermaid' an aw
Bat Yam beach
The Defenters Square

Bat Yam (Ebreu: בַּת יָם‎‎ Aboot this soond (audio) ) is a ceety locatit on Israel's Mediterranean Sea coast, on the central coastal strip, juist sooth o Tel Aviv. Pairt o the Gush Dan metropolitan aurie, in the Tel Aviv Destrict, the ceety is hame tae 130,000 fowk.[1]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Early history[eedit | eedit soorce]

Bat Yam wis establisht in 1926 as Bayit VaGan (Ebreu: בית וגן‎‎; Hoose an Garden), an wis geared toward Orthodox Jews. Durin the 1929 Palestine riots, Bayit VaGan came unner attacks bi Arab gangs frae neighbourin Jaffa an wis evacuatit bi Breetish Authorities afore being reestablisht in 1930. In 1936 the toun wis given the status o local cooncil, an in 1938, the name o the toun wis chyngit tae Bat Yam. Bi 1945 the population haed grown tae 2000 Jews.[2]

Israeli Unthirldom[eedit | eedit soorce]

Follaein the Unitit Naitions vote in favour o a pairtition plan on 29 November 1947 an the subsequent ootbreak o violence, Bat Yam came unner hivy attack frae Jaffa, till Jaffa surrendered on 13 Mey 1948.

In the years follaein Israel's unthirldom, Bat Yam grew dramatically due tae mass immigration, gainin the status o a ceety in 1958. A sma Hasidic enclave o Bobover Hasidim, kent as Kiryat Bobov, wis established in 1959. Efter this point, housomeivver, Bat Yam began tae suffer frae an Israeli version o "white flicht". As mair an mair immigrants moved tae the ceety, socio-economic problems began tae appear. Relatively law real estate prices an a biggin boom durin the 1970s an 1980s, saw even mair migrants frae lawer socio-economic strata, mainly seicont- an third generation descendants o Jewish immigrants frae Arab kintras move intae the ceety. As a result, middle-class veteran inhabitants o Bat Yam stairtit tae move oot, primarily tae the newer suburbs o Rishon LeZion, a boomtoun sooth o Bat Yam.

The ceety gained a sizeable community o Jews frae Turkey (est. 23% o the population) an haes therefore hostit visits frae the Turkish preses, Süleyman Demirel, an prime meenister, Tansu Çiller.

Recent history[eedit | eedit soorce]

Bat Yam skyline at nicht.

Bat Yam ance again experienced a period o rapid growth early 1990s wi the mass-immigration frae the umwhile Soviet Union leadin tae mony choosin Bat Yam as their new hame due tae its proximity tae the industrial centres o the kintra, an relatively law real estate prices. The influx o Roushies an Georgians, housomeivver, did nothin tae help the ceety's socio-economic crisis, an bi the early 2000s, follaein financial scandals resultin frae the declinin local leadership led bi Yehoshua Saguy, the ceety wis placed at the brink o bankruptcy.

In 2003 a new mayor, Shlomo Lahiani, wis electit an the ceety began tae rejuvenate, wi some auries haein awready been transformed. While some pairts o the ceety which still suffer frae the issues which plagued the whole o this ceety juist a few years ago, Bat Yam oweraw haes stairtit tae lose its image o the "poor suburb", thanks tae lairge investments in education, cultur an the appearance o the ceety. In 2008 the Bat-Yam Internaitional Biennale o Landscape Urbanism, which is devotit tae re-examinin urban spaces through airt an architecture, wis held for the first time. In 2010 the seicont Biennale, "Timing" teuk place[3], which featured site-specific installations frae designers an architects frae aroond the warld.[4]

Notable Sites[eedit | eedit soorce]

"Kanyon Bat Yam" Mall

Hotels[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • 4* "Mercure Hotel"
  • 3* "Armon Yam Hotel"
  • "Colony Beach" apairtments hotel
  • 2 anither motels

Shoppin Malls[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • "Kanyon Bat Yam" - 3 story shoppin mall. Ane o the first malls in Israel which wis opened in 1993. It includes 150 shops on size o 23,000 square meters. In the mall ye can an aa fynd a cinema, restaurants zone, banks, pairkin lot an fitness club.
  • "Kanyon Bat Yamon" - 4 story, includes pairkin lot.

Ither notable places[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • "Gan Ha'Ir" - The lairgest pairk in the ceety.
  • "Sportek" sports center.
  • Bat Yam cultural center wi 570 seats concert hall.
  • Kintra Club.
  • 3 Libraries
  • 3 Museums
  • Bat Yam Auditorium

Tourism[eedit | eedit soorce]

The location o Bat Yam on the Mediterranean makes it popular wi beach-goers. Bat Yam haes 3.2 kilometers lang promenade alang the ocean wi a lot o pubs an restaurants an sax beaches, ane o which is protectit bi a 300 meter diameter breakwater. There are an aa 3 big hotels an anither ane is unner construction. Furthermore the ceety haes several museums, includin the MOBY, the Museum o Bat Yam, which haulds contemporary, cuttin-edge airt installations[5], the Bat Yam City Museum "Ben Ari", the Museum "Ryback" wi a collection o paintins o the painter, Issachar Ber Ryback. There is an' a' a museum in the memory o the Yiddish writer Sholem Asch who lived his last years in Bat Yam, an a smaw Holocaust museum.

Bus service[eedit | eedit soorce]

Bat Yam is served bi bus anerlie.

Being an integral pairt o the Gush Dan metropolitan aurie, Bat Yam haes nae bus lines limited tae the ceety borders. Aw bus lines in Bat Yam hae at least ane terminus in Tel Aviv, Rishon LeZion or Holon.

Dan is the biggest bus company in the aurie. It operates frequent service tae various neighborhuids o Tel Aviv, an an' a' connects Bat Yam tae Holon, Rishon LeZion, Ramat Gan, Giv'atayim, Bnei Brak, Tel HaShomer an Bar Ilan University.

Egged connects Bat Yam tae various neighborhuids o Holon an Rishon LeZion, an an' a' operates service tae Jerusalem, Tel Aviv, Ramla, Ben Gurion Internaitional Airport (pairt-time service) an intermediate communities.

In the sooth o the ceety there is a big bus terminal o "Dan" company. There are an aa several Taxi stations aroond the ceety.

Rail transport[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Yoseftal Railway Station is scheduled tae open in 2011 as pairt o the new Tel Aviv – Rishon LeZion Wast line. Bat Yam will an aa be the terminus for the red line o the Tel Aviv Licht Rail.

Politics an govrenment[eedit | eedit soorce]

Bat Yam municipality biggin
Type Name Years
Heid o cooncil Mintz Ben Zion 1936–1937
Heid o cooncil Yisrael Ben Zion 1937–1939
Heid o cooncil Yisrael Rabinovich-Teomim 1939–1943
Heid o cooncil Eliav Levai 1943–1950
Heid o cooncil David Ben Ari 1950–1958
Mayor David Ben Ari 1958–1963
Mayor Menachem Rothschild 1963–1973
Mayor Yitzhak Walker 1973–1977
Mayor David Mesika 1977–1978
Mayor Menachem Rothschild 1978–1983
Mayor Ehud Kanmon 1983–1993
Mayor Yehoshua Saguy 1993–2003
Mayor Shlomo Lahiani 2003–date
Source: Bat Yam's mayors on the offeecial ceety wabsteid

Sport[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety's major fitbaa club, Maccabi Ironi Bat Yam, currently play in Liga Leumit, the third level o Israeli fitbaa. The club wis formed bi a 2004 merger o Hapoel Bat Yam (which haed spent several saisons in the seicont diveesion in the 1990s) an Maccabi Bat Yam.

Bat Yam´s Al Gal beach is regardit tae be ane o the best surfin spots in the region, haein fairly consistent surf conditions, especially durin the simmer months.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Location o Bat Yam in the Tel Aviv Destrict

Twin touns - Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Bat Yam is twinned wi:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]