Ramla

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Ramla
Ebreu transcription(s)
 • Ebreu רַמְלָה
 • ISO 259 Ramla
 • An aw spelt Ramleh (unoffeecial)
Arabic transcription(s)
 • Arabic الرملة

Emblem o Ramla
Ramla is located in Israel
Ramla
Ramla
Coordinates: 31°56′N 34°52′E / 31.933°N 34.867°E / 31.933; 34.867
Destrict Center
Foondit 716
Government
 • Type Ceety
 • Heid o Municipality Yoel Lavi
Area
 • Total 9,993 dunams (9.993 km2 or 3.858 sq mi)
Population (2009)[1]
 • Total 65,800

Ramla (Ebreu: רַמְלָה‎‎ Ramlāh; Arabic: الرملةar-Ramlah, an aa Ramlah,[2] Ramle, Remle an sometimes Rama), is a ceety in central Israel. The ceety is predominantly Jewish wi a significant Arab minority. Ramla wis foondit circa 705–715 AD bi the Umayyad Caliph Suleiman ibn Abed al-Malik efter the Arab conquest o the region. Ramla lays alang the route o the Via Maris, connectin auld Cairo (Fustat) wi Damascus, at the intersection o the roads connectin the port o Jaffa wi Jerusalem.[3]

It wis conquered mony times in the course o its history, bi the Abbasids, the Ikhshidids, the Fatamids, the Seljuqs, the Crusaders, the Mameluks, the Turks, the Breetish, an the Israelis. Efter an ootbreak o the Black Daith in 1347, which greatly reduced the population, an order o Franciscan monks establisht a presence in the ceety.[4] Unner Arab an Ottoman rule the ceety become an important trade center. Napoleon's French Airmy occupied it in 1799 on its way tae Acre.

Most o the toun's Arab residents wur expelled durin the 1948 Arab-Israeli War while ithers remained in the toun. The toun wis subsequently repopulatit bi Jewish immigrants.

The Giv'on immigration detention centre is locatit in Ramla.

In recent years, attempts hae been made tae develop an bonnify the ceety, which haes been plagued bi neglect, financial problems an a negative public image. New shoppin malls an public pairks hae been built, an a municipal museum opened in 2001.[5]

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns — Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ramla is twinned wi:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Table 3 – Population of Localities Numbering Above 2,000 Residents and Other Rural Population". Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. June 30, 2010. Retrieved November 26, 2010. 
  2. King, Edmund (2004) "Stephen (c.1092–1154)" Oxford Dictionary of National Biography Oxford University Press, Oxford, England, online edition accessed 27 Oct 2009
  3. University of Haifa Excavation in Marcus Street ramala; Reports and studies of the Recanati Institute for maritime studies Excavations, Haifa 2007
  4. Historical timeline at the Ramla Museum, http://ilmuseums.com/museum_eng.asp?id=193
  5. "עיריית רמלה - אתר האינטרנט". Ramla.muni.il. Retrieved 2009-05-06.