Commune o Villeurbanne
|Canton||Villeurbanne-Centre, Villeurbanne-Nord, an Villeurbanne-Sud|
|Mayor||Jean-Paul Bret (PS)
|INSEE/Postal code||69266/ 69100|
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) an river estuaries.|
|2 Population sans doubles comptes: residents o multiple communes (e.g., students an military personnel) anerlie coontit ance.|
Table o contents
The current location of downtown Villeurbanne is known to have been inhabited as far back as 6000 BC. Its current name comes from a Gallo-Roman farming area, established at about the same time as Lyon (then Lugdunum) and known as the Villa Urbana ("town house"). It would then become Urbanum, then Villa Urbane and, ultimately, Villeurbanne.
Villeurbanne has belonged to the kingdom of France since 1349. It was then separated from Lyon by the river La Rize, a former branch of the Rhône River.
Until the 19th century, the city was merely a patchwork of distinct villages separated by fields and undeveloped land. These villages have mostly survived, and nowadays form the neighborhoods of Charpennes, Cusset, Croix-Luizet, Maisons-Neuves, etc.
With the industrial era, Villeurbanne's economy soared: the textile industry was the first to bloom, followed by mechanical and chemical ones. The factories lured in numerous immigrants, most notably from Italy. Transforming from a rural community to an industrial town, Villeurbanne underwent a tremendous demographic boom in the late 1920s. From 3,000 inhabitants in 1928, its population rocketed to 82,000 in 1931. Mayor Lazare Goujon (elected 1924) engaged the city in a vast public works initiative. Arguably the most visible heritage of this program is the Gratte-Ciel, a housing complex made up of two Art Deco towers and annex smaller buildings, lining up along the Avenue Henri Barbusse. These structures are the work of architect Môrice Leroux, and one of the most notable Art Deco structures in France. Having undergone thorough renovation, the 19-story twin towers have become an emblem of the city.
Many colleges and universities of the Lyon metropolitan area are located in Villeurbanne. Many of these are located on the La Doua campus, home to the Claude Bernard University (Lyon I), CPE Lyon and the Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Lyon.
Villeurbanne is well served by the Lyon area public transit system, the TCL (Transports en Commun Lyonnais). The east branch of subway line A runs through the city heart, and the new tramway line T1 connects the La Doua campus to the Lyon business and commercial district of La Part-Dieu and the Presqu'île downtown.
- Main airticle: List o twin touns an sister ceeties in Fraunce
Twin touns — Sister ceeties
Villeurbanne is twinned wi:
|Frae 1962, the number here is the population athoot double coontin
Sources : Cassini-LDH of the EHESS and Insee 
In terms o number o inhabitants, the ceety o Villeurbanne is the seicont ceety o the Rhône depairtment, the fowert ceety o the region Rhône-Alpes, the 27t ceety o Fraunce. It is an aa the biggest ceety o Fraunce tae be anerlie a chef-lieu o a canton an no tae be a prefecture.
The leet o notable native Villeurbannais includes:
- Laure Manaudou, French swimmer, warld record haulder, 9 October 1986.
- Henri Cochet, French tennis player, 4 December 1901 († 1987).
- Mourad Benhamida, French fitbawer, 18 Januar 1986.
See an aa
Guillaume Bottazzi airt wirk on a skyscraper
- Embassy of France in Moscow
- "Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui" (in French). École des hautes études en sciences sociales. Retrieved 3 February 2010.
- "Recensement de la population au 1er janvier 2007" (in French). INSEE. Retrieved 3 February 2010.