Nokia (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈnokiɑ]) is a toun an a municipality on the banks o the Nokianvirta River (Kokemäenjoki) in the region o Pirkanmaa, some 15 kilometres (9 mi) wast o Tampere. As o 31 Mairch 2010 it haes a population o 31,517.
History[eedit | eedit soorce]
The oreegin o the name "Nokia" is obscure. In modren Finnish, noki means soot an nokia is its inflected plural, although this form o the wird is rarely if iver uised. The maist common theory claims the name actually oreeginates frae the archaic Finnish wird nois (pl. nokia) or nokinäätä ("soot marten"), meanin sable. Efter sable wis huntit tae extinction in Finland, the wird wis applied tae ony daurk-coatit fur animal, such as the marten, which ar foond in the aurie tae this day. The sable is enshrined on the Nokia coat o airms. Housomeivver, later research haes appeared tae indicate that sables niver inhabitit Finland in the first place, an the name nois mey actually refer tae the beaver.
The first literary reference to Nokia is in a 1505 document in connection wi the Nokia Manor.
Nokia wis the settin o ane o the lairgest battles in the Club War, a 1596 peasant uprisin against Swadish feudal lords. The peasants, armed wi clubs, teuk up residence in Nokia Manor an wan several skirmishes against the feudal cavalry, but wur decisively defeatit bi Klaus Fleming on Januar 1–2, 1597. Thoosans o clubmen wur slain an their leader Jaakko Ilkka, who haed fled, wis captured a few weeks later an executit. The Club War wis the last major peasant revolt in Finland, an it permanently consolidatit the hauld o the naition state. Muckle later, in the Finnish Ceevil War (1918), Nokia (alang wi neighborin Tampere) wis a Socialist stranghauld an saw some combat.
Nokia uised tae breach oot tae current hert o Tampere, wi the Pispala aurie a pairt o Nokia's Suur-Pirkkala aurie. Suur-Pirkkala wis eventually split intae Pohjois- an Eteläis-Pirkkala (Northren an Soothren). In 1938 Pohjois-Pirkkala wis renamed as Nokia an Soothren Pirkkala restored its oreeginal Pirkkala name. Nokia wis designatit as a ceety in 1977.
Industrial history[eedit | eedit soorce]
The eponymous telecommunications giant Nokia wis foondit bi Fredrik Idestam in 1865 as a pulp mill. The Finnish Rubber Works Ltd (Suomen Gummitehdas Oy) (foondit 1898) set up a factory in Nokia in 1904. These twa companies an Finnish Cable Works Ltd (Suomen kaapelitehdas Oy) amalgamatit in 1967 formin Nokia Corporation. Different branches o this conglomerate wur split intae several companies or sauld aff aroond 1990. The rubber wirks still operates in Nokia as Nokian Tyres an the paper mill as Georgia-Pacific Finland Oy.
Nouadays, the telecommunication company Nokia nae langer haes ony operations in the toun o Nokia. Despite the company haein been foondit in Nokia, the heidquarters wur moved tae Espoo, an the main factories ar in Salo, baith hunders o kilometres sooth o Nokia. Amaist ivery year, tourists come tae Nokia expecting tae find a great mobile phone museum, but the anerlie connection tae the company is the Nokia mansion, which is sometimes uised for private parties for the company's executive staff. The toun haes repeatedly been asked tae commemorate the company it gave birth tae, but it haes always declined, on the grunds that mobile phones wur niver produced there.
Nokia does hae engineering an design facilities 15 kilometers away in nearbi Tampere.
Present[eedit | eedit soorce]
The day's Nokia is famous for its spa, factory shops, waterways, an events. Nokia an aa enjoys guid road an air connections. Frae a releegious perspective, Nokia is maist weel kent for the charismatic Nokia Revival which began in 1990, an continues tae the present throu the wirk o Markku Koivisto an Nokia Missio.
Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]
|Wikimedia Commons haes media relatit tae Nokia, Finland.|