Mitte (locality)

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Mitte
Quairter o Berlin
Panoramic view of Mitte
Panoramic view of Mitte
Coat o airms o Mitte
Coat o airms
Mitte is locatit in Germany
Mitte
Mitte
Location o Mitte in Mitte destrict an Berlin
Berlin Mitte Mitte.png
Coordinates: 52°31′10″N 13°24′24″E / 52.51944°N 13.40667°E / 52.51944; 13.40667Coordinates: 52°31′10″N 13°24′24″E / 52.51944°N 13.40667°E / 52.51944; 13.40667
KintraGermany
StateBerlin
CityBerlin
BoroughMitte
Foondit1920
Area
 • Total10.7 km2 (4.1 sq mi)
Population
 (2009-06-30)
 • Tot79,582
 • Density7,400/km2 (19,000/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
(nr. 0101) 10115, 10117, 10119, 10178, 10179
Vehicle registrationB
Zones o Mitte

Mitte (German for "middle, centre", commonly uised athoot a airticle) is a central locality (Ortsteil) o Berlin in the homonymous destrict (Bezirk) o Mitte. Till 2001 it wis itsel a autonomous destrict.

It comprises the historic centre o Alt-Berlin aroond the kirks o St. Nicholas an St. Mary, renouned Museum Island, the ceety haw Rotes Rathaus, the ceety admeenistrative biggin Altes Stadthaus, the famous Fernsehturm, Brandenburg Gate at the end o the central boulevard Unter den Linden an mair main tourist attractions o the ceety. For these raisons Mitte is considered the "hert" o Berlin.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Map o 1688

The history o Mitte corresponds tae the history o the entire ceety till the early 20t century, an wi the Greater Berlin Act in 1920 it became the first destrict o the ceety. It wis amang the auries o the ceety maist hivily damagit in Warld War II.

Follaein a territorial redeployment bi the Soviet Union an the Unitit Kinrick that reshapit the borders o Wast Berlin's Breetish Sector in August 1945, the wastren pairt o Staaken became in effect as o 1 Februar 1951 a exclave o Mitte, then still a burgh o East Berlin. This endit on 1 Januar 1961, when wastren Staaken wis incorporatit intae then East German Falkensee, which haed awready been unner its de facto admeenistration syne 1 Juin 1952.

Atween 1961 an 1990 Mitte, ane o the maist important burghs o East Berlin but close tae aw three wastren sectors o the ceety, wis amaist surroondit bi the Berlin Waw. Ane o the maist important border crossins wis Checkpoint Charlie, near Kreuzberg.[1]

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Position[eedit | eedit soorce]

Situatit in central Berlin an maistly in its auld toun, it is traversed bi the river Spree. It borders the localities o Tiergarten, Moabit, Wedding, Gesundbrunnen, Prenzlauer Berg (in Pankow destrict), Friedrichshain, an Kreuzberg (baith in Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg destrict).

Subdiveesion[eedit | eedit soorce]

Mitte is subdividit into 13 zones or neebourheids (Stadtviertel) (the nummers refer tae the map abuin right):

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Main sichts[eedit | eedit soorce]

Biggins an structurs[eedit | eedit soorce]

Places, squares an streets[eedit | eedit soorce]

Photogallery[eedit | eedit soorce]

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

Berlin Alexanderplatz railwey station

Mitte is servit bi S-Bahn lines S5, S7, S75, S9 (baith on Berlin Stadtbahn); S1, S2, S25, an U-Bahn lines U2, U5, U6 an U8, as well as numerous tram an bus lines.

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Media relatit tae Mitte at Wikimedia Commons

Template:Berlin-Mitte Template:Burghs o Berlin Template:Umwhile Burghs o Berlin