Berlin Waw

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Berlin Wall, wi graffiti

The Berlin Waw (German: Berliner Mauer) separatit the ceety o Berlin in Germany frae 1961 tae 1989. It separatit the eastren hauf frae the wastren hauf. Mony fowk thocht it wis a seembol o the Cauld War. The Berlin Waw wis taen doun on 9 November 1989.[1][2] The Berlin Waw wis aboot 168 km (104 mile) lang.[3] It wis biggit tae stap fowk frae escapin frae the eastren hauf o Berlin.

Efter Germany split intae Wast an East Germany in 1949, 2.6 million East Germans left tae gang tae Wast Germany. In Berlin alane, 1.6 million fowk flit tae the wast.[4] Tae stap this, on 13 August 1961, the Communist govrenment o East Germany biggit a waw separatin East an Wast Berlin.

In the late 1980s, Mikhail Gorbachev said that the Soviet Union wouldna uise the Reid Airmy tae stap the fowk o Eastern an Middle Europe frae chyngin thair govrenment. Efter he said that, several kintras began tae chynge the wey thay governit thair fowk. Hungary openit its mairch an fowk frae East Germany began muivin tae the wast throu Hungary.

In Juin 1987, Preses o the Unitit States, Ronald Reagan spoke at the waw tae challengit Gorbachev tae "Tear doun this waw!".

In October 1989, mass demonstrations agin the govrenment in East Germany began. The lang-time leader, Erich Honecker, resignit an wis replacit bi Egon Krenz a few days later. Honecker haed predictit in Januar 1989 that the waw wad staund for a "hunner mair year" gif the condeetions whilk haed causit its construction didnae cheenge. This didna turn oot tae be true.

In November, 1989, the Central Committee o East Germany decidit tae mak it easier for East Germans tae pass throu the waw. A mistak bi the press officer meant the mairch wis openit several oors afore it should hae been. Millions o East German ceetizens celebratit the openin o the waw. Mony collectit souvenirs wi chisels an some telly stations filmit fowk hittin the waw wi sledge hammers.

Killins[eedit | eedit soorce]

In the 28 year o its existence, atween 125 an 206 fowk wis killit whan ettlin at crossin the Berlin Waw.[5] At least 800 mair fowk wis killit ootwi Berlin, tryin tae ettlin at crossin frae East Germany tae the wast.

The last fowk killit at the waw wis on 6 Februar, 1989, whan Chris Gueffroy dee'd ettlin at escapin intae Wast Berlin.

Tear doun this waw![eedit | eedit soorce]

Ronald Reagan speakin afore the Brandenburg Gate tae remuive the Berlin waw

"Tear doun this waw!" wis a speech made bi Preses o the Unitit States Ronald Reagan tae Soviet Union leader Mikhail Gorbachev tae malafouster the waw. The speech wis made at the Brandenburg Gate near the Berlin Waw on 12 Juin 1987. It wis made tae honour the 750t anniversary o Berlin.[6] His speech wad eventually lead tae the waw's demolition.

What the waw wis made o[eedit | eedit soorce]

The waw wis chyngit an addit tae several times. It wisna really a waw, but a collection o waws an fences an ither devices. This is whit the border fence wis made o, startin frae the east, gaun wast

  1. Concrete waw or wire fence, 2–3 meters heich
  2. Signallin seestem in the floor, whilk wad cause an alarm tae be sounded whan touchit
  3. Contact wire fence wi barbed wire fence. Heicher than a man.
  4. (No in aa places) Kennels for dugs. Wi German Shepherd Dogs or ither trainit dogs.
  5. (No in aa places) Equipment an trenches tae stap vehicles an tanks. Thir seestems wad be removit (gif the West peyed for the remuival). Maist war replacit later.
  6. Streets tae get replacements an reinforcements in.
  7. Watchtowers (in 1989 thare wis 302 o them). Includin searchlichts
  8. death strip. This wis an aurie in whilk aw o the buildins wis torn doun, wi nae place tae hide. Whiles, thare wis strips o saund whaur fitprints coud be detectit.
  9. Metallic fence, then the mairch itself:
  10. Concrete waw, 3.75 metres in heicht. Very haurd tae climb.

Whit is left the day[eedit | eedit soorce]

Efter the Reunification o Germany in October 3, 1990, the Berlin Waw wis demolishit an takken awa. A few sections o the wa remain; some o the sections became a museum.

  • O the tot o 302 watchtouers, 5 is left.
  • The sae-cried Todesstreifen (daith zone) can still be seen in mony places. Some o them is lairge auries o broun, uncultivate land. Whiles thay are nou parks.
  • Thare is a private museum at Checkpoint Charlie.
  • Thare is a cemetery near Checkpoint Charlie, myndin the victims o the Waw.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Freedom! The Berlin Wall - TIME". 2011. Archived frae the original on 25 August 2013. Retrieved 19 Februar 2011.
  2. "Fall of Communism". 2011. Archived frae the original on 6 Julie 2015. Retrieved 19 Februar 2011.
  3. Berlin illustrated Newspaper of 3rd October 1990 (special edition), p. 113
  4. Volker Viergutz: Die Berliner Mauer 1961-1989, Berlin Story Verlag, 2007, ISBN 3-929829-70-3, p.36
  5. The exact nummer isna kent. It is haurd tae say as the authorities o the GDR didna report the daiths clear.
  6. "Reagan's 'tear down this wall' speech turns 20 -". USA Today. 12 Juin 2007. Retrieved 19 Februar 2008.

Ither wabsteids[eedit | eedit soorce]