Frae Wikipedia
Lowp tae: navigation, rake
Domestic dug
Collage of Nine Dogs.jpg
Nine different breeds o dugs.
Conservation status
Scienteefic clessification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Canidae
Genus: Canis
Species: C. lupus
Subspecies: C. l. familiaris
Trinomial name
Canis lupus familiaris[1]

The domestic dug (Canis lupus familiaris or Canis familiaris) is a uisually furry, carnivorous[2][3][4] canid carnivoran mammal. The dug wis the first domesticatit ainimal[5][6] an haes been widely kept as a wirkin, huntin, an pet companion. It is estimatit thare are atween 700 million an ane billion domestic dugs, makin them the maist abundant member o order Carnivora.[7][8]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Mammal Species of the World – Browse: Canis lupus familiaris". Bucknell.edu. 2005. Retrieved 12 March 2012. 
  2. Kim, K.S., Lee,S.E., Jeong, H.W. and Ha, J.H. (1998). "The complete nucleotide sequence of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris) mitochondrial genome". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 10 (2): 210–220. doi:10.1006/mpev.1998.0513. 
  3. Wayne, R.K. and Ostrander, E.A. (1999). "Origin, genetic diversity, and genome structure of the domestic dog." (PDF). BioEssays 21: 247–257. doi:10.1002/(sici)1521-1878(199903)21:3<247::aid-bies9>3.0.co;2-z. 
  4. Clauss, M., Kleffner, H. and Kienzle, E. "Carnivorous mammals: nutrient digestibility and energy evaluation.". Zoo Biology 29 (6): 687–704. doi:10.1002/zoo.20302. 
  5. Nikolai D. Ovodov, Susan J. Crockford, Yaroslav V. Kuzmin, Thomas F. G. Higham, Gregory W. L. Hodgins, Johannes van der Plicht. (2011). A 33,000-Year-Old Incipient Dog from the Altai Mountains of Siberia: Evidence of the Earliest Domestication Disrupted by the Last Glacial Maximum. Published: 28 July, 2011DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0022821. Page 1 online here OCT14
  6. Greger Larson, Elinor K. Karlsson, Angela Perri, Matthew T. Webster, Simon Y. W. Ho, Joris Peters, Peter W. Stahl, Philip J. Piper, Frode Lingaas, Merete Fredholm, Kenine E. Comstock, Jaime F. Modiano, Claude Schelling, Alexander I. Agoulnik, Peter A. Leegwater, Keith Dobney, Jean-Denis Vignes, Carles Vilàt, Leif Anderssond, and Kerstin Lindblad-Toh; Edited by Joachim Burger. (2012). Rethinking dog domestication by integrating genetics, archeology, and biogeography. vol. 109 no. 23 > Greger Larson, 8878–8883, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1203005109. Page 1 online here OCT14
  7. Hughes, Joelene; Macdonald, David W. (2013). "A review of the interactions between free-roaming domestic dogs and wildlife". Biological Conservation 157: 341–351. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2012.07.005. 
  8. Gompper, Matthew E. (2013). "The dog–human–wildlife interface: assessing the scope of the problem". In Gompper, Matthew E. Free-Ranging Dogs and Wildlife Conservation. Oxford University Press. pp. 9–54.