Hidalgo (state)

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Hidalgo
Estado Libre y Soberano de Hidalgo
Banner o Hidalgo
Banner
Coat of airms o Hidalgo
Coat airms
Official logo of Hidalgo
Logo
State o Hidalgo athin Mexico
State o Hidalgo athin Mexico
Coordinates: 20°28′42″N 98°51′49″W / 20.47833°N 98.86361°W / 20.47833; -98.86361
KintraMexico
CaipitalPachuca de Soto
Lairgest CeetyPachuca de Soto
Municipalities84
Admission16 Januar 1869[1]
Order26t
Govrenment
 • GovrenorFrancisco Olvera (PRI logo (Mexico).svg)
 • Senators[2]Jesús Murillo Karam PRI
José Guadarrama PRD
Francisco X. Berganza
 • Deputies[3]
Area
 • Total20846 km2 (8,049 sq mi)
 Ranked 26t
Highest elevation3350 m (10,990 ft)
Population
 (2010)[6]
 • Total2,665,018
 • Rank17t
 • Density130/km2 (330/sq mi)
 • Density rank8t
Demonym(s)Hidalguense
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Postal code
42-43
Aurie code
ISO 3166 codeMX-HGO
HDIIncrease 0.796 Medium Ranked 27t
GDPUS$ 9,987,649.06 mil[a]
WebsiteOfficial Web Site
^ a. The state's GDP wis 127,841,908 million o pesos in 2008,[7] amoont correspondin tae 9,987,649.06 millon o dollars, being a dollar worth 12.80 pesos (value o 3 Juin 2010).[8]

Hidalgo (Spaingie pronunciation: [iˈðalɣo]), offeecially Free an sovereign State o Hidalgo (Spaingie: Estado Libre y Soberano de Hidalgo), is ane o the 31 states that, wi the Federal Destrict, comprise the 32 Federal Entities o Mexico. It is dividit in 84 municipalities an its caipital ceety is Pachuca de Soto.

In 1869, Benito Juárez creatit the State o Hidalgo. He appointit the ceety o Pachuca as caipital o the state an addit the name "de Soto" tae it for the kennin o Manuel Fernando Soto, wha is considered the maist important drivin force in creatin the state.[9] The state wis namit efter Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, the initiator o the Mexican War o Unthirldom.

It is locatit in Eastren Mexico.[10] Hidalgo haes mairches bi San Luis Potosí an Veracruz norlins, Puebla eastlins, Tlaxcala an México soothlins an Querétaro wastlins.[11]

The state haes a nummer o relatively intact native culturs like the Otomi. There twa notable immigrant culturs an aw, thaim that is the descendents o Cornish miners in the 19t hunneryear[12] an a sma Jewish enclave that claims tae be descendit frae Sephardi Jews that came tae New Spain in the 16t hunneryear.[13]

The state contains a nummer o ecotourism, cultural an aircheological attractions includin the Huasteca aurie, the ruins o Tula, naitural het watter springs, auld haciendas an muntain ranges.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Creación del Estado de Hidalgo, por inseguridad" (in Spanish).CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  2. "Senadores por Hidalgo LXI Legislatura". Senado de la Republica. Retrieved 24 Mairch 2010.
  3. "Listado de Diputados por Grupo Parlamentario del Estado de Hidalgo". Camara de Diputados. Retrieved 24 Mairch 2010.
  4. "Resumen". Cuentame INEGI. Retrieved 24 Mairch 2011.
  5. "Relieve". Cuentame INEGI. Retrieved 24 Mairch 2011.
  6. "Mexico en Cifras". INEGI. Retrieved 24 Mairch 2011.
  7. "Hidalgo". 2010. Retrieved 24 Mairch 2011.
  8. "Reporte: Jueves 3 de Junio del 2010. Cierre del peso mexicano". www.pesomexicano.com.mx. Retrieved 10 August 2010.
  9. "El Bicentenario será festejado con una biografía de Pachuca". Milenio Hidalgo. 7 December 2009. Retrieved 21 Mey 2010. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)
  10. "S&P Rates State of Hidalgo, Mexico 'mxA-". PR Newswure. New York. 14 December 2000. p. 1.
  11. "Información Geográfica Hidalgo". Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía. Retrieved 22 Julie 2010. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)
  12. Seijas, Susana. "Hidalgo's British bounty Inside Mexico". Retrieved 8 October 2009.
  13. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named mystery

Bibliography[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Jimenez Gonzalez, Victor Manuel, ed. (2010). Hidalgo: Guía para descubrir los encantos del estado (in Spanish). Mexico City: Editorial Océano de Mexico SA de CV. ISBN 978-607-400-319-2. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)

External links[eedit | eedit soorce]