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For ither uises, see Yucatán (disambiguation).
Estado Libre y Soberano de Yucatán
Banner o Yucatán
Offeecial seal o Yucatán
La Hermana República de Yucatán
(The sister republic of Yucatán)[1][2]
State o Yucatán athin Mexico
State o Yucatán athin Mexico
Coordinates: 20°50′0″N 89°0′0″W / 20.83333°N 89.00000°W / 20.83333; -89.00000
Kintra Mexico
Caipital Mérida
Municipalities 106
Admission 23 December 1823[3][4]
Order 8t[a]
 • Govrenor Ivonne Ortega Pacheco PRI
 • Senators[5] Beatriz Zavala Peniche PAN
Alfredo Rodríguez PAN
Cleominio Zoreda PRI
 • Deputies[6]
 • Total 39,612 km2 (15,294 sq mi)
  Rankit 20t
Heichest elevation[8] 210 m (690 ft)
Population (2010)[9]
 • Tot 1,955,577
 • Rank 21st
 • Density 49/km2 (130/sq mi)
 • Density rank 17t
Demonym(s) Yucateco (a)
Time zone CST (UTC−6)
 • Simmer (DST) CDT (UTC−5)
Postal code 97
Aurie code
ISO 3166 code MX-YUC
HDI Increase 0.821 high Rankit 20t
GDP US$ 9,191,180.625 th[b]
Wabsteid Offeecial Wab Steid

^ a. Joined tae the federation unner the name o Federatit Republic o Yucatán, includit the modren states o Yucatán, Campeche an Quintana Roo.

^ b. The state's GDP wis 117,647,112 thoosan o pesos in 2008,[9] amoont correspondin tae 9,191,180.625 thoosan o dollars, being a dollar wirth 12.80 pesos (value o 3 Juin 2010).[10]

Yucatán (Spaingie pronunciation: [ʝukaˈtan]), offeecially the Free an Sovereign State o Yucatán (Spaingie: Estado Libre y Soberano de Yucatán), is ane o the 31 states which, wi the Federal Destrict, comprise the 32 Federal Entities o Mexico. It is dividit in 106 municipalities, an its caipital ceety is Mérida.

It is locatit in Sootheastren Mexico, on the north pairt o the Yucatán Peninsulae. It is bordered bi the states o Campeche tae the soothwast, Quintana Roo tae the northeast an the Guwf o Mexico lees aff its north coast.

Afore the arrival o Spaniards tae the Yucatán Peninsulae, the name o this region wis el Mayab.[11] In Mayan leid, "ma' ya'ab" is translatit as "a few". It wis a vera important region for the Mayan ceevilization, which reached the peak o its development on this place, where they foondit the ceeties o Chichen Itza, Izamal, Motul, Mayapan, Ek' Balam an Ichcaanzihóo (cried T'Hó), now Mérida.[12]

Efter the Spanish conquest, Yucatán Peninsulae wis a single admeenistrative an poleetical entity, the Caiptaincy General o Yucatán. Follaein unthirldom an the breakup o the Mexican Empire in 1823, the first Republic o Yucatán wis proclaimit which then wis voluntarily annexed tae the Federal Republic o Unitit Mexican States on 21 December 1823.[3] Later on 16 Mairch 1841, as result o cultural an poleetical conflicts aroond the federal pact, Yucatán declared unthirldom frae Mexico tae form a seicont Republic o Yucatán, but eventually on 14 Julie 1848, Yucatán wis definitely rejoined tae Mexico. In 1858, in the middle o the caste war, the state o Yucatan wis dividit for the first time, establishin Campeche as separate state (offeecially in 1863). Durin the Porfiriato, in 1902, the state o Yucatan wis dividit again tae form the Federal territory that later became the present state o Quintana Roo.[13]

The day, Yucatán is the safest state in Mexico[14][15] an Mérida wis awairdit Ceety o Peace in 2011.[16][17]

Toponymy[eedit | eedit soorce]

The name Yucatán, assigned tae the peninsulae an aw, came frae early splorations o the Conquistadors frae Europe. There are reliable versions that the name wis result frae confusion atween the Mayan inhabitants an the first Spainyie splorers aroond 1517:

  • Accordin tae ane o them, wis the answer o a Mayan indigenous tae the question o a Spainyie splorer, syne he wantit tae ken the name o the region. The Mayan probably replied Ma'anaatik ka t'ann which means Maya leid A dae no unnerstaund your speech or I dae no unnerstaund you.
  • It is said that the Spaniards gave the name o Yucatán tae the region an aw, acause the Mayan answered their questions wi the phrase uh yu ka t'ann, in Mayan leid means hear hou they talk.

Probably the first narrator's o "A dae no unnerstaund" version wis the friar Toribio de Benavente, in his beuk Historia de los indios de la Nueva España (History o the Indians o New Spain) says:

"acause talkin wi those Indians o the coast, whaiver the Spainyie asked the Indians respondit: «Tectetán, Tectetán», which means: «A daena unnerstaund you, A daena unnerstaund you»: ...they corruptit the wird, an no unnerstaundin wha the Indians said, they said: «Yucatán is the name o this land»; an the same happened in a place..., a cape, which they cried cape Cotoch an aw; an Cotoch in that leid means hoose".[18]

Anither version is frae Bernal Díaz del Castillo. In his beuk Historia verdadera de la conquista de la Nueva España (True History o the Conquest o New Spain), he says Yucatá means "land o yucas",[19] a plant that wis cultivatit bi the Maya an wis an important fuid source for them.[20]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "La bandera de Yucatán". Diario de Yucatán. Retrieved August 30, 2010. 
  2. "La historia de la República de Yucatán". Portal Electronico de Dzidzantun Yucatán. Retrieved August 30, 2010. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Las Diputaciones Provinciales" (PDF) (in Spanish). p. 15. 
  4. Nettie Lee Benson; Colegio de México. Centro de Estudios Históricos; Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (1994). La diputación provincial y el federalismo mexicano. UNAM. pp. 227–. ISBN 978-968-12-0586-7. Retrieved February 20, 2011. 
  5. "Senadores por Yucatán LXI Legislatura". Senado de la Republica. Retrieved April 9, 2011. 
  6. "Listado de Diputados por Grupo Parlamentario del Estado de Yucatán". Camara de Diputados. Retrieved August 18, 2010. 
  7. "Resumen". Cuentame INEGI. Retrieved October 20, 2010. 
  8. "Relieve". Cuentame INEGI. Retrieved October 20, 2010. 
  9. 9.0 9.1 "Mexico en Cifras". INEGI. Retrieved April 9, 2011. 
  10. "Reporte: Jueves 3 de Junio del 2010. Cierre del peso mexicano". pesomexicano.com.mx. Retrieved August 10, 2010. 
  11. de San Buenaventura, Joseph (1994). Historias de la conquista del Mayab, 1511–1697. p. 183. ISBN 968-6843-59-0. 
  12. (Molina Solís 1896, p. 33)
  13. Casares G. Cantón, Raúl; Duch Colell, Juan; Zavala Vallado, Slvio et ál (1998). Yucatán en el tiempo. Mérida, Yucatán. ISBN 970-9071-04-1. 
  14. "Yucatán, el Estado más seguro del país". Punto Medio. Retrieved April 10, 2010. 
  15. "Confirman a Yucatán como estado más seguro". Grupo Sipse. Retrieved April 10, 2010. 
  16. "Declararán a Mérida ciudad de la paz". Vanguardia. Retrieved April 10, 2010. 
  17. "Aprovecha Mérida nombramiento de 'Ciudad de la Paz' para atraer inversiones". Diario de Yucatán. Retrieved April 10, 2010. 
  18. (de Motolonía 1985, p. 332)
  19. (Díaz del Castillo 2005, p. 22)
  20. "¿Cómo se alimentaban los mayas?". Retrieved May 4,, 2010.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]