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Estado Libre y Soberano de Sonora
Banner o Sonora
Official seal of Sonora
State o Sonora athin Mexico
State o Sonora athin Mexico
Coordinates: 29°38′46″N 110°52′08″W / 29.64611°N 110.86889°W / 29.64611; -110.86889
Lairgest CeetyHermosillo
AdmissionJanuary 10, 1824[1]
 • GovrenorGuillermo Padrés PAN
 • Senators[2]Emma Lucía Larios Gaxiola PAN
Javier Castelo PAN
Alfonso Elías Serrano PRI
 • Deputies[3]
 • Total179503 km2 (69,306 sq mi)
 Ranked 2nt
Highest elevation2620 m (8,600 ft)
 • Total2,662,480
 • Rank18t
 • Density15/km2 (38/sq mi)
 • Density rank27th
Time zoneUTC−7 (MST [7])
Postal code
Aurie code
ISO 3166 codeMX-SON
HDIIncrease 0.858 High Ranked 5t
GDPUS$ 16,416,142.57 th[b]
WebsiteOfficial Website
^ a. Joined tae the federation unner the name o Estado de Occidente (Wastren State) an aw recognized as Sonora y Sinaloa.
^ b. The state's GDP wis $210,126,625 thoosan o pesos in 2008,[6] amount correspondin tae $16,416,142.57 thoosan o dollars, being a dollar worth 12.80 pesos (value o 3 Juin 2010).[8]

Sonora (Spaingie pronunciation: [soˈnoɾa]) offeecially Estado Libre y Soberano de Sonora (Scots: Free an Sovereign State o Sonora) is ane o the 31 states which, wi the Federal Destrict, comprise the 32 Federal Entities o Mexico. It is dividit intae 72 municipalities; the caipital ceety is Hermosillo. Sonora is locatit in Northwast Mexico, bordered bi the states o Chihuahua tae the east, Baja California tae the northwast an Sinaloa tae the sooth. Tae the north, it shares the U.S.–Mexico border wi the states o Arizona an New Mexico, an on the wast haes a significant share o the coastline o the Gulf o Californie.

Sonora's naitural geography is dividit intae three pairts: the Sierra Madre Occidental in the east o the state; plains an rollin hills in the center; an the coast on the Gulf o Californie. It is primarily arid or semi-arid deserts an grasslands, wi anerlie the heichest elevations haein sufficient rainfaw tae support ither types o vegetation.

Sonora is hame tae aicht indigenous fowks, includin the Mayo, the Yaqui an the Seri. It haes been economically important for its agricultur, livestock (especially beef) an minin syne the colonial period, an for its status as a border state syne the Mexican–American War. Efter the Gadsden Purchase, Sorona lost mair nor a quairter o its territory.[9] Frae the 20t century tae the present, industry, tourism an agribusiness hae dominatit the economy, attractin migration frae ither pairts o Mexico.

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Las Diputaciones Provinciales" (PDF) (in Spanish). p. 15.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  2. "Senadores por Sonora LXI Legislatura". Senado de la Republica. Archived frae the original on 16 October 2010. Retrieved 21 October 2010.
  3. "Listado de Diputados por Grupo Parlamentario del Estado de Sonora". Camara de Diputados. Archived frae the original on 20 Julie 2018. Retrieved 20 October 2010.
  4. "Resumen". Cuentame INEGI. Archived frae the original on 23 Julie 2011. Retrieved 20 October 2010.
  5. "Relieve". Cuentame INEGI. Archived frae the original on 23 Julie 2011. Retrieved 20 October 2010.
  6. a b "Mexico en Cifras". INEGI. Retrieved 6 Apryle 2011.
  7. Miriam de Regil. Inicia el domingo el Horario de Verano Archived 2011-05-11 at the Wayback Machine. El Financiero, Viernes, 31 de marzo de 2006.
  8. "Reporte: Jueves 3 de Junio del 2010. Cierre del peso mexicano". www.pesomexicano.com.mx. Archived frae the original on 8 Juin 2010. Retrieved 10 August 2010.
  9. "Sonora, Navojoa" (PDF). Modulo de Planeacion Estrategica. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 16 Mey 2011. Retrieved 7 Apryle 2010."Archived copy" (PDF). Archived frae the original on 22 Mairch 2012. Retrieved 25 Januar 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)

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