Gowden Horde

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Ulus of Jochi
Зүчийн улс
Golden Horde

 

 

1240s–1502


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Caipital Sarai Batu
Leids Mongolian leid, Kypchak leid
Releegion Tengrism, Shamanism, Islam, Christianity, Judaism, Tibetan Buddhism
(1240s–1313)
Islam
(1313–1502)
Government Semi-elective monarchy, later hereditary monarchy
Khan
 -  1226–1280 Orda Khan (White Horde)
 -  1242–1255 Batu Khan (Blue Horde)
 -  1379–1395 Tokhtamysh
 -  1435–1459 Küchük Muhammad (Great Horde)
 -  1481–1498, 1499–1502 Shaykh Ahmad
Legislatur Kurultai
Historical era Late Middle Ages
 -  Established efter the Mongol invasion o Rus' 1240s
 -  Blue Horde an White Horde unitit 1379
 -  Disintegrated intae Great Horde 1466
 -  Last remnant subjugatit bi the Crimean Khanate 1502
Aurie
 -  1310 6,000,000 km² (2,316,613 sq mi)
Precedit bi
Succeedit bi
Mongol Empire
Cuman-Kipchak Confederation
Volga Bulgarie
Crimean Khanate
Qasim Khanate
Khanate o Kazan
Kazakh Khanate
Uzbek Khanate
Astrakhan Khanate
Khanate o Sibir
Khanate o Khiva
Timurid dynasty
The day pairt o  Russia
 Ukraine
 Kazakhstan
 Moldova
 Belarus
 Romania
 Uzbekistan
 Turkmenistan
 Georgia
 Azerbaijan
 Bulgaria
 China
 Lithuania
 Poland
Wairnin: Value specified for "continent" does not comply

The Gowden Horde (Tatar: Алтын Урда Altın Urda ; Mongolian: Зүчийн улс‎, Züchii-in Uls; Roushie: Золотая Орда) wis a Mongol an later Turkicized khanate, established in the 13t century, which comprised the northwastren sector o the Mongol Empire.[1] The khanate is an aa kent as the Kipchak Khanate or as the Ulus o Jochi.[2]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Ed. Maureen Perrie The Cambridge history of Russia, p.130
  2. "Golden Horde", in Encyclopædia Britannica, 2007. Quotation: "also called Kipchak Khanate Russian designation for Juchi's Ulus, the western part of the Mongol Empire, which flourished from the mid-13th century to the end of the 14th century. The people of the Golden Horde were mainly a mixture of Turkic and Uralic peoples and Sarmatians & Scythians and, to a lesser extent, Mongols, with the latter generally constituting the aristocracy." They are not to be confused with the earlier Kipchak khanate in the same region that had previously held sway, before its conquest by the Mongols