Agira

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Agira
Aggira
Comune
Comune di Agira
Coat o airms o Agira
Coat o airms
Agira is located in Italy
Agira
Agira
Location of Agira in Italy
Coordinates: 37°39′N 14°31′E / 37.650°N 14.517°E / 37.650; 14.517
Country Italy
Region Sicily
Province / Metropolitan ceety Enna (EN)
Aurie
 • Tot 163.11 km2 (62.98 sq mi)
Elevation 650 m (2,130 ft)
Population (31 Mey 2007)
 • Tot 8,357
 • Density 51/km2 (130/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Agirini
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 94011
Dialin code 0935
Patron saint St. Philip o Agira
Saint day 2 Julie
Wabsteid Offeecial wabsteid

Agira (Italian pronunciation: [aˈdʒiːra]; Sicilian: Aggira) is a toun an comune in the province o Enna, Sicily (southren Italy). It is locatit in the mid-glen o the River Salso, 35 kilometres (22 miles) frae Enna. Till 1861, it wis cried San Filippo d'Argiriò, in honour o its saunt, Filippo il Siriaco, or Philip o Agira.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Agira stands on the site of the ancient Sicel ceety[1] o Agyrion (Auncient Greek: Ἀγύριον - Agyrion), or Agyrium, whilk wis ruled bi tyrants, ane o wham, Agyris, wis the maist pouerful ruler in the centre o Sicily. He wis a contemporar o Dionysius the Elder, an wi him successfully resistit the Carthaginian forces led bi Mago when they invadit the territory o Agyrium in 392 BC. Agira wis no colonisit bi the Greeks till the Corinthian general Timoleon drove oot the last tyrant in 339 BC, settled 10,000 Greeks, accordin tae Diodorus Siculus, a native o the ceety, an erectit various splendid biggins; nae traces remain, as the modren ceety owerlees the auncient ane.

Diodorus Siculus credits Heracles wi the foondation o sacred precincts o Iolaus an o Geryon, an the creation o a naurhaun loch. In the mid fift century, Agyrium wis the first Sicilian ceety tae mint bronze coinage in the Greek fashion.

The Romans cried it Agirium. Unner their control it unnerwent a decline, as a result o the hivy taxation imposed on it. In 1063, it wis takken bi the Normans unner Coont Roger I o Sicily (Ruggero in Italian), wha defeatit the Saracens near the river Salso. Agira is mentioned bi Muhammad al-Idrisi bi the name Shanta Fīlibb (i.e., Saunt Philip o Agira), written as شنت فيلب in the Arabic script.

Agira passed throu the haunds o the Hohenstaufen, the Angevines an Aragonese, an in aboot 1400 it became state property o Sicily. Ower the years, the toun haes been influencit bi Spainyie an Jewish arrivals, baith leavin their airchitectural mark, the latter a synagogue.

Main sichts[eedit | eedit soorce]

The main biggins o note are its feck o kirks, maist o whilk contain collections o airt wirks. They include the Norman Chiesa Madre ("Mither Kirk") dedicatit tae Santa Maria Maggiore, the Norman kirk o Santa Margherita, whilk is the lairgest in the diocese, wi thirteen altars, an whilk dates frae the early 13t century (tho it haes been hintle chyngit syne then), the kirk o St Filippo, whilk haes a nave an twa aisles, an conteens pentins bi Olivo Sozzi, the 16t-century kirk o Sant'Antonio da Padova, whilk haes three naves an aw, the 16t-century kirk o Sant'Antonio Abate, containin fowerteen smaw pentins o the Venetian schuil, an the kirk o San Salvatore, wi Gothic bell-touer.

Thare is a Arab–Byzantine castle, later rebuilt bi the Hohenstaufen, o whilk twa touers still staund.

The modren toun[eedit | eedit soorce]

The municipality o Agira haes 9,004 inhabitants, wi a population density o 55 inhabitants per square kilometre. It covers 163.11 square kilometres (62.98 square miles), an is 650 metres (2,133 feet) abuin sea-level.

Agira is 141 kilometres (88 miles) frae Agrigento, 69 kilometres (43 miles) frae Caltanissetta, 66 kilometres (41 miles) frae Catania, 34 kilometres (21 miles) frae Enna (tae whase province it belangs), 162 kilometres (101 miles) frae Messina, 184 kilometres (114 miles) frae Palermo, 144 kilometres (89 miles) frae Ragusa, 124 kilometres (77 miles) frae Siracusa, an 291 kilometres (181 miles) frae Trapani.

The toun is a centre o agricultur: productions include cereals, awmonds, olives, an grapes. The lairge auries o pastur mak possible the breedin o cattle, sheep, an horse an aw.

The Pozzillo airtificial loch lees near the toun in a eucalyptus firth, an provides a important habitat for a lairge variety o birds, an a wey-stage for migrators. Anither reserve – the Riserva di Piano della Corte – haes been creatit in the Erei Muntains, an the Mediterranean forest o the Vallone di Piano della Corte is scheduled tae become anither reserve. The aurie conteens sulphur springs an aw.

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

Thare is a railwey station sooth o the toun.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns – Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Agira is twinned wi:

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. The Princeton Encyclopædia of Classical Sites asserts only that Agira is "a city of ancient but uncertain origins".

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]