Trapani

Frae Wikipedia
Lowp tae: navigation, rake
Trapani
Comune
Città di Trapani
Trapani seen frae Erice. The islands o Favignana (left) an Levanzo (richt) can be seen in the backgrund.
Trapani is located in Italy
Trapani
Trapani
Location o Trapani in Italy
Coordinates: 38°01′N 12°31′E / 38.017°N 12.517°E / 38.017; 12.517
Kintra Italy
Region Sicily
Province Trapani (TP)
Frazioni Marausa, Xitta, Palma, Fontanasalsa, Guarrato, Fulgatore, Salinagrande, Locogrande, Rilievo, Borgo Fazio, Ummari
Government
 • Mayor Girolamo Fazio
Area
 • Total 271 km2 (105 sq mi)
Elevation 3 m (10 ft)
Population (1 Januar 2008)
 • Total 70,638
 • Density 260/km2 (680/sq mi)
Demonym Trapanesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 91100
Diallin code 0923
Patron saunt St. Albert
Saunt day August 7
Website Offeecial wabsteid
Cloister o the Museum Pepoli.

Trapani Aboot this soond listen  (Sicilian: Tràpani) is a ceety an comune on the wast coast o Sicily in Italy. It is the caipital o the Province o Trapani. Foondit bi Elymians, the ceety is still an important fishin port an the main gateway taw the nearbi Egadi Islands.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Trapani wis foondit bi the Elymians tae serve as the port o the nearbi ceety o Erice (auncient Eryx), which owerleuks it from Monte San Giuliano. The ceety sits on a law-lyin promontory juttin oot intae the Mediterranean Sea. It wis oreeginally namit Drépanon frae the Greek wird for "sickle", acause o the curvin shape o its harbour. Carthage seized control o the ceety in 260 BC, subsequently makkin it an important naval base, but cedit it tae Roum in 241 BC follaein the Battle o the Aegates in the First Punic War.

Twa auncient legends tell o meethical oreegins for the ceety. In the first legend, Trapani stemmed frae the sickle which fell frae the haunds o the goddess Demeter while she wis seekin for her dochter Persephone, who haed been kidnapped bi Hades. The seicont meeth featurs Saturn, god o the sky, who evisceratit his faither Cronus wi a sickle which, fawin intae the sea, creatit the ceety. In auncient times Saturn wis the god-protector o Trapani. The day Saturn's statue staunds in a piazza in the centre o the ceety.

Efter the Roman, Vandal, Byzantine an (frae the 9t century) Arab dominations, Trapani wis conquered bi the Normans o Roger I, flourishin unner their dominations an haein an aw a role in the Crusades as ane o the maist important ports in the Mediterranean Sea. In the 17t century the ceety decayed due tae revolts, plagues an famines; housomeivver in the follaein century it grew frae 16,000 tae 30,000 inhabitants; commerce remained o local importance, while its military position in the Kinrick o Naples remained notable.

The ceety wis badly damaged durin Warld War II when it wis subjectit tae intense Alleed bombardments. It haes grown greatly syne the end o the war, sprawlin oot virtually tae the fuit o Monte San Giuliano. Tourism haes grown in recent years due tae the ceety's proximity taw popular destinations such as Erice, Segesta an the Egadi Islands.

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Hintle o Trapani's economy still depends on the sea. Fishin an cannin are the main local industries, wi fishermen uisin the mattanza technique tae catch tuna. Coral is an aw an important export, alang wi salt, marble an marsala wine. The nearbi coast is lined wi numerous salt-pans.

The ceety is an aw an important ferry port, wi links tae the Egadi Islands, Pantellerie, Sardinie an Tunisie. It an aw haes its awn airport, the Trapani-Birgi Airport.

Main sights[eedit | eedit soorce]

Hintle o the auld ceety o Trapani dates frae the later medieval or early modren periods; there are nae extant remains o the auncient ceety. Mony o the ceety's historic biggins are designed in the Baroque style. Notable monuments include:

  • The Kirk o Sant'Agostino (14t century, wi the splendid rose-windae
  • The Kirk o Santa Maria di Gesù (15t-16t centuries)
  • The magnificent Basilica-Sanctuary o Maria Santissima Annunziata (an aw cried "Madonna di Trapani") oreeginally built in 1315–1332 an rebuilt in 1760. It hooses a marble statue o the Madonna o Trapani, which micht be the wirk o Nino Pisano, an wi the museum Agostino Pepoli.
  • Fontana di Tritone ("Triton's Foontain")
  • The Baroque Palazzo della Giudecca or Casa Ciambra.
  • The Cathedral (built in 1421, but restored tae the current appearance in the 18t century bi Giovanni Biagio Amico). It includes an Annunciation attributit tae Anthony van Dyck.
  • Kirk o Maria SS. dell'Intria, anither notable example o Sicilian Baroque.
  • Kirk o Badia Nuova, a smaw Baroque kirk.

Monte Erice is a cable caur ride frae the ceety an aside frae the cobbled streets an medieval castle, there are views o Tunisie an Africae frae up there on clear days.

There are several beaches runnin alang the coast o Trapani, the best o which are at Marausa aboot 9 km sooth o the ceety.

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Climate data for Trapani, Sicily
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average heich °C (°F) 15.0
(59.0)
15.3
(59.5)
16.6
(61.9)
19.0
(66.2)
23.1
(73.6)
26.7
(80.1)
29.7
(85.5)
30.1
(86.2)
27.7
(81.9)
23.7
(74.7)
19.4
(66.9)
16.2
(61.2)
21.88
(71.38)
Daily mean °C (°F) 11.6
(52.9)
11.7
(53.1)
12.6
(54.7)
14.6
(58.3)
18.2
(64.8)
21.7
(71.1)
24.6
(76.3)
25.2
(77.4)
23.1
(73.6)
20.0
(68.0)
15.7
(60.3)
12.8
(55.0)
17.65
(63.77)
Average laich °C (°F) 8.1
(46.6)
8.0
(46.4)
8.6
(47.5)
10.2
(50.4)
13.2
(55.8)
16.6
(61.9)
19.4
(66.9)
20.2
(68.4)
18.4
(65.1)
15.4
(59.7)
12.0
(53.6)
9.3
(48.7)
13.28
(55.90)
Precipitation mm (inches) 56.3
(2.217)
45.8
(1.803)
44.9
(1.768)
36.9
(1.453)
16.8
(0.661)
4.7
(0.185)
2.4
(0.094)
8.7
(0.343)
41.6
(1.638)
60.8
(2.394)
64.7
(2.547)
65.0
(2.559)
448.6
(17.661)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 8.7 8.1 7.1 5.6 2.5 1.0 0.4 1.1 3.4 6.6 7.2 9.8 61.5
Mean monthly sunshine hours 133.3 145.0 189.1 219.0 226.3 306.0 347.2 319.3 255.0 210.8 159.0 127.1 2,637.1
Source: Hong Kong Observatory[1]

Cultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety is renouned for its Pace relatit Holy Week activities an traditions, culminatin atween Guid Friday an Holy Seturday in the Processione dei Misteri di Trapani, colloquially simply the Misteri di Trapani (in Scots the Procession o the Mysteries o Trapani or the Mysteries o Trapani), a day lang passion procession organized an sponsored bi the ceety's guilds, featurin twinty floats o lifelike wood, canvas an glue sculpturs, maistly fraw the 17t an 18t centuries, o individual scenes o the events o the Passion.

The Misteri are amangst the auldest continuously runnin releegious events in Europe, haein been played ivery Guid Friday syne afore the Pace o 1612. Runnin for at least 16 continuous oors, but occasionally well ayont the 24 oors, they are the langest releegious festival in Sicily an in Italy.

Transport[eedit | eedit soorce]

Trapani-Birgi Airport, a military-ceevil joint uise airport (third for traffic on the island). Recently the airport haes seen an increase o traffic thanks tae law-cost carriers frae aw pairts o Europe (es. Lunnon-Stansted an Lunnon-Luton, Paris Beauvais, Dublin, Bruxelles, Munich, Frankfurt, Eindhoven, Stockholm).

Sport[eedit | eedit soorce]

Frae 28 September tae 9 October 2005 Trapani wis the location o Acts 8 an 9 o the Louis Vuitton Cup. This sailin race featured, amang ither entrants, aw the boats that teuk pairt in the 2007 America's Cup.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns — Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Trapani is twinned with:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]