Haifa

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Haifa
Ebreu transcription(s)
 • Ebreu חֵיפָה
Arabic transcription(s)
 • Arabic حيفا

Emblem of Haifa
Haifa is located in Israel
Haifa
Haifa
Coordinates: 32°49′0″N 34°59′0″E / 32.81667°N 34.98333°E / 32.81667; 34.98333
Destrict Haifa
Government
 • Type Ceety
 • Heid o Municipality Yona Yahav
Area
 • City 63,666 dunams (63.666 km2 or 24.582 sq mi)
Population (2010)[1]
 • City 268,215
 • Urban 600,000
 • Metro 1,048,900
Website haifa.muni.il (Inglis)

Haifa (Ebreu: חֵיפָה‎‎); is the lairgest ceety in northren Israel, an the third-lairgest ceety in the kintra, wi a population o ower 265,000. Anither 300,000 fowk live in touns directly adjacent tae the ceety includin the ceeties o the Krayot, as well as, Tirat Carmel, Daliyat al-Karmel an Nesher. Thegither these auries form a contiguous urban aurie hame tae nearly 600,000 residents which makes up the inner core o the Haifa metropolitan aurie.[1][2] Haifa haes a mixed population o Jews an Arabs, although Jews make up tae 90% majority. The Arab population is predominantly Christian, whereas 28% o the Jewish population (correct for 2009) is made o immigrants frae the umwhile Soviet Union.[3] It is an aa home tae the Bahá'í Warld Centre, a UNESCO Warld Heritage Site.[4][5]

Built on the slopes o Munt Carmel, Haifa haes a history datin back tae Biblical times. The earliest kent settlement in the vicinity wis Tell Abu Hawam, a sma port ceety established in the Late Bronze Age (14t century BC).[6] In the 3rd century AD, Haifa wis kent as a dye-makin center. Ower the centuries, the ceety haes chynged haunds: It haes been conquered an ruled bi the Phoenicians, Ebreus, Persians, Hasmoneans, Romans, Byzantines, Arabs, Crusaders, Ottomans, Egyptians, Breetish, an the Israelis. Synee the establishment o the State o Israel in 1948, the ceety haes been govrened bi the Haifa Municipality.

The day, the ceety is a major seaport locatit on Israel's Mediterranean coastline in the Bay o Haifa coverin 63.7 square kilometres (24.6 sq mi). It is locatit aboot 90 kilometres (56 mi) north o Tel Aviv an is the major regional center o northren Israel. Twa respectit academic institutions, the University o Haifa an the Technion, are locatit in Haifa, an the ceety plays an important role in Israel's economy. It haes several heh-tech pairks, amang them the auldest an lairgest in the kintra,[7] an industrial port, an a petroleum refinery. Haifa wis umwhile the wastren terminus o an oil pipeline frae Iraq via Jordan.[8]

Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]

View o wastren Haifa frae the air

The oreegin o the name "Haifa" is unclear. Accordin tae historian Alex Carmel, it mey come frae the Ebreu verb ruit חפה (hafa), meanin tae cover or shield, i.e. Munt Carmel covers Haifa.[9] Anither possible oreegin is the Ebreu wird חוֹף (hof), an aa meanin beach, or חוֹף יָפֶה (hof yafe), meanin bonnie beach.[10] Some Christians believe that the toun wis named efter the heich priest Caiaphas, or Saunt Peter (Keiphah in Aramaic).[9]

Gallery[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns - Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Plaque o twin ceeties ootside Haifa ceety hall

Haifa is twinned wi the follaein ceeties:[11]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Table 3 - Population of Localities Numbering Above 2,000 Residents and Other Rural Population". Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2010-06-30. Retrieved 2010-10-30. 
  2. "Haifa". Jewish Agency. Archived from the original on September 26, 2007. Retrieved 2007-05-05. 
  3. Haifa, The Jewish Agency for Israel. Retrieved June 20, 2009.
  4. UNESCO World Heritage Centre (2008-07-08). "Three new sites inscribed on UNESCO’s World Heritage List". Retrieved 2008-07-08. 
  5. "History of Haifa". Retrieved 2008-04-11. 
  6. Encyclopedia Judaica, Haifa, Keter Publishing, Jerusalem, 1972, vol. 7, pp. 1134-1139
  7. "GavYam". Gav-Yam.co.il. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  8. Cohen, Amiram. "U.S. Checking Possibility of Pumping Oil from Northern Iraq to Haifa, via Jordan". Haaretz. Retrieved 2008-12-06. 
  9. 9.0 9.1 Carmel, Alex (2002). The History of Haifa Under Turkish Rule (4th ed.). Haifa: Pardes. p. 14. ISBN 965-7171-05-9.  (translated from Hebrew)
  10. Winter, Dave (1999). Israel Handbook: With the Palestinian Authority Areas. Footprint Travel Guides. p. 560. ISBN 9781900949484. Retrieved 2009-07-26. 
  11. "Twin City acitivities". Haifa Municipality. Archived from the original on 2007-10-09. Retrieved 2008-02-14. 
  12. Portsmouth City Council. Twinning. Retrieved 22 August 2007.
  13. "Sister Cities of Manila". © 2008-2009 City Government of Manila. Retrieved 2009-07-02. 
  14. Haifa agreement with partner
  15. "Twin Towns". www.amazingdusseldorf.com. Retrieved 2009-10-29. 
  16. "Boston" (in Hebrew). Haifa Municipality. Retrieved 2009-04-05.