Newcastle upon Tyne

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Newcastle upon Tyne
Ceety & metropolitan borough
[[File:Newcastle-upon-Tyne-bridges-and-skyline cropped.jpg
St James Park Newcastle south west corner.jpgTheatre Royal, Newcastle upon Tyne.jpg
Newcastle greys monument.jpgNewcastle schloss.jpg|250px|none|alt=|Frae tap-left: Newcastle Quayside an River Tyne, St James' Park stadium, Theatre Royal, Georgian airchitectur aroond Grey's Monument, the Castle]]Frae tap-left: Newcastle Quayside an River Tyne, St James' Park stadium, Theatre Royal, Georgian airchitectur aroond Grey's Monument, the Castle

Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Newcastle, The Toon
Motto: "Fortiter Defendit Triumphans"
(Latin: "Triumphing bi brave defence")
Location o Newcastle upon Tyne in Ingland
Coordinates: 54°58′N 1°36′W / 54.967°N 1.600°W / 54.967; -1.600Coordinates: 54°58′N 1°36′W / 54.967°N 1.600°W / 54.967; -1.600
Sovereign state Unitit Kinrick
Constituent kintra England
Region North East
Coonty Tyne an Wear
Foondit 2nt century
Toun charter Henry II
Coonty Corporate 1400
Ceety status 1882
Status Ceety & metropolitan borough
Government
 • Govrenin body Newcastle Ceety Cooncil
 • Lord Mayor Cooncillor Jackie Slesenger[1]
 • Admeenistrative HQ Newcastle Civic Centre
Area
 • City 139 sq mi (225 km2)
Population (2011 est.)[2]
 • City (Ranked )
 • Urban 879,996 (Tyneside) (Ranked 7t)
 • Metro 1,650,000 (Tyne an Wear Ceety Region) (Ranked 6t)
Time zone GMT (UTC)
 • Summer (DST) BST (UTC+1)
Postcode NE
Area code(s) 0191
ISO 3166-2 GB-NET
ONS code 00CJ (ONS)
E08000021 (GSS)
OS grid reference NZ249645
NUTS 3 UKC22
Demonym Geordie, Novocastrian
Website www.newcastle.gov.uk

Newcastle upon Tyne (for ordinar cried juist Newcastle) is a ceety in the north-east o Ingland. It is locatit alang the north baunk o the River Tyne an the umwhile coonty toun o Northumberland. Mair nor 190,000 fowk bide in the ceety, but e'en mair bides in the surroondin area.

Byleid[eedit | eedit soorce]

Main article: Geordie

The byleid o Newcastle is kent as Geordie, an haes a lairge amoont o vocabulary an distinctive wird pronunciations no uised in ither pairts o Ingland, bit that are sib tae Scots. The Geordie byleid, like Scots an Staundart Inglis, haes its oreegins in the leid spoken by the Anglo-Saxon that settlet in Breetian efter the Romans left in the 4t century. But whiles the byleids o ither Inglis regions hae been muckle chyngit by the influences o ither furrin leids — Norman an Norman–French in parteecular — the Geordie byleid, like Scots, hauds ontae mony chairicteristics o the auld leid. Some wirds used in the Geordie byleid is uised in Scots an aw, sic like bonny, stot, canny, strang an coo. Mony wirds, houaniver, appear tae be uised alanery in Newcastle an the surroondin area, sic like bait ("fuid") an hacky ("clarty").[3]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Lord Mayor | Newcastle City Council. Newcastle.gov.uk (1 April 2013). Retrieved on 17 July 2013.
  2. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named pop
  3. "Newcastle English ("Geordie") – Vocabulary". www.une.edu.au. Retrieved 2008-02-05.