Frae Wikipedia
Lowp tae: navigation, rake
ISO 639 Icon sco.svg This airticle is aw or maistly scrieven in Inglis. Gin ye can, please pit it ower intae Scots.
محافظة عنيزة
Govrenorate o Unaizah
The Ambassador St, Unaizah
The Ambassador St, Unaizah
Unaizah is located in Saudi Arabia
Coordinates: 26°5′2.4″N 43°59′38.4″E / 26.084000°N 43.994000°E / 26.084000; 43.994000
Kintra  Saudi Arabie
Emirate Al-Qassim Province
 • Tory Mousaed Al Sulaim
Population (2010)
 • Tot 163,729
Time zone AST (UTC+3)

Unaizah or officially The Govrenorate o Unaizah (also spelled Onaizah, Onizah, or Unayzah; Arabic: محافظة عنيزة‎‎) is a Saudi Arabieceety in the Al Qassim Province. It lies sooth o Buraydah (the caipital o the province) an north o Riyadh, the caipital o the Kinrick o Saudi Arabie. It is the seicont lairgest ceety in Al-Qassim Province wi a population o 163,729 (2010 census).[1][2]

Historically, Unaizah wis an important stoppin point for Muslim pilgrims comin frae Mesopotamia (now Iraq) an Persie (now Iran) on their way tae Makkah. Many scientists an historians believe that Unaizah wis inhabited hundreds o years afore the spread o Islam, citin its reference in numerous poems frae some o the maist important poets o pre-Islamic Arabie such as Imru Al-Qais.

Location[eedit | eedit soorce]

Unaizah is in the sooth o Al-Qassim Province an at the hert o the historical region o Nejd. It is locatit roughly 30 kilometers frae Buraydah (the caipital o the province) and more than 300 kilometers north of the Saudi caipital, Riyadh.

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

Unaizah lies in the northren-central region o the Nejd an tae the sooth o the Wadi Al Rumma (Rumma Valley), which is the longest valley on the Arabian peninsula. It is surrounded bi sand dunes tae its north an west, which are kent locally as the Al-Ghamis Sands. The Al-Ghadha Woods are locatit tae the north o the ceety.Next tae Unaizah is the Al-Aushaziyah salt lake (or Sabkha), which is considered an offeecial pairt o the ceety.

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Unaizah haes a typical desert climate. Its winters are cauld an semi-rainy, an its simmers are het, aneroid simmers wi laich humidity. The simmer wather o Unaizah is sometimes described as balmy tae nearby farms that surround the ceety.

Agriculture[eedit | eedit soorce]

Palm trees in Unaizah
Leeks (kurrat) farm in Unaizah
A section in Unaizah International Dates Festival 08

Unaizah is an agricultural aurie an produces wheat an baurley o various strains. The region also grows grapes, grapefruits, leemons, leeks, mandarins, orangers, pomegranates an dates.

Leeks (kurrat) are a very important pairt o the local cultur o Unaizah. They are popular among the locals an comprise a significant portion o the local agricultural industry.

The 4t annual Date Season Festival wis held in September 2008, givin Unaizah the distinction o hostin the lairgest date festival in the Persian Gulf an the Middle East. The festival rivals the date festival o neighboring Buraydah's, which is sometimes kent as "Buraydah, the Ceety o Dates".[3]

Unaizah's 4t annual Date Festival wis kent as the "Unaizah International Date Festival", though the ceety's title "Unaizah, the Kinrick o Dates" wis retained as a motto.

Education[eedit | eedit soorce]

Unaizah is home tae some pioneers in eddication; the first Saudi male frae Al-Qassim Province tae earn a PhD. degree wis frae Unaizah, an his name wis Dr. Abdulaziz Al-Khowaiter.[4] The first Saudi female frae Al Qassim Province tae earn a PhD degree wis also raised in this ceety. Her name wis Dr. Ebtisam Al Bassam.[5]

Ane o the first ceeties tae embrace female eddication in Al-Qassim Province and Nejd wis Unaizah. It faced resistance frae neighborin provinces an brought Unaizah at the forefront o a naitional debate. Efter lengthy negotiations, the caipital ceety o Qassim, Buraidah a sister ceety o Unaizah, offeecially recognized the right o an eddication for females, partly due tae Keeng Abdulaziz's interference in settlin the dispute.[6]

Today, there are mony public schools in Unaizah for aw three eddicational levels (primary, intermediate, an secondary). There are also twa private schools an ane private international school. There is also a boys' technological secondary school in the ceety an a technological college, as well as a girls' eddicational college. Qassim University is locatit approximately 30 kilometers north o the ceety, an enrolls baith males an females.[7]

Western Travelers[eedit | eedit soorce]

The fowk o Unaizah are well kent for their hospitality an acceptance for fowk frae eother races an religions. The famous Charles Montagu Doughty lived in the ceety durin his odyssey an wrote highly aboot the ceety.

Amin al-Rihani (the famous Franco-Lebanese scholar and traveler) spoke highly o the ceety's architecture an works o airt in his beuk "Keengs o Arabie" likenin it tae Paris thereby coinin the nickname "Paris of Najd" for the ceety.[8]

Tourism[eedit | eedit soorce]

the Roman Amphitheatre during the 2005 Unaizah Festival
the Al Ghadha Desert Festival
Built in 1955, Al Bassam Mansion is one of the main tourist attractions in Unaizah

There are twelve tourist festivals an activities recognized bi the Saudi Commission for Tourism & Antiquities, an a calendar haes been made for these events.

Unaizah, has renewed its status as a trailblazer of Tourism in the Qassim Province

(the Governor of Al-Qassim and Chairman of the province's Tourism Council)[9]

The tourist attractions in Unaizah range frae festivals tae private meetins in family ranches. Some o the maist notable venues in which festivals are held are the followin:

  • Al Bassam Mansion, a tradeetional hoose an a private museum .
  • Al Hajeb Pairks.
  • Al Hamdan House, a tradeetional hoose an a private museum.
  • Al Subbayyel Grotto.
  • Asie Resort an Pairk.
  • Dream Land, the lairgest theme pairk in Al Qassim Province an as reportedly the Central Region.
  • Judaida Avenue.
  • King Fahd Cultural Center.
  • The Roman amphitheatre.
  • Salih Bin Salih Cultural Center.
  • The Unaizah House for Tradeetional Legacy.

There are three hotels in Unaizah, ane o which is currently unner construction, in addition tae the rental apartments an suites distributit aw aroond the ceety:

  • Al Fahd Crown (unner construction).
  • Oasis Hotel.
  • Onaizah Hotel.

Although Unaizah is thought tae be relatively more acceptin o visitors than its neighbors, its tourism industry faces criticism for a nummer o reasons. Ane such criticism is its disregard for infrastructure maintenance.[10]

Culture[eedit | eedit soorce]

Religion[eedit | eedit soorce]

Aw o the Saudi citizens o Unaizah are Sunni Muslim wi a smaa minority o Dharmic religions, (mostly Hinduism) brought an practiced in the ceety bi Asie wirkers (mainly Indies), an also a smaa minority o Filipino Catholic Christian wirkers. As the rest o Saudi Arabian ceeties, non-Islamic worship hooses are nae allowed.

The majority o the ceety's inhabitants are socially conservative. Ane o Saudi Arabia's leadin religious clerics Muhammad ibn al Uthaymeen wis a student o the late Sheikh Abdulrahman Al Se'di, an Unaizah native. Muhammad ibn al Uthaymeen himself wis born an raised in Unaizah. He lived in Unaizah til he died, where mony mosques hae been built an named efter him.

Cuisine[eedit | eedit soorce]

Qassimi Kleeja

The Qassimi cuisine in general, an the cuisine o Unaizah is very famous for its delicious fuid, an for its renowned an tasty tradeetional meals such as Jereesh, Margoug, Gersan, an Metazeez.

As for sweets, along wi ether Qassimi sweets, the Qassimi Kleeja is a well-kent sweetie aw ower Saudi Arabie an even the Gulf States.

Like ether Saudi ceeties, the Nejdi Kabsa is the maist tradeetional lunch. The Yemeni Mandi is also popular as a lunch meal.

Fast fuid is also popular in the ceety. McDonald's, Starbucks, Domino's Pizza, Herfy, Pizza Hut, Little Caesar's, Hardee's, an KFC among ethers are widely distributit in Unaizah.

Sports[eedit | eedit soorce]

Unaizah is very active in terms o sports. Fitbaa (soccer) is the maist popular sport aw ower Saudi Arabie, an it is very popular in Unaizah, it is played in school's P.E. (i.e. Physical Eddication) lessons, an it is common tae see a group o kids playin it in the streets.

There are twa local clubs in Unaizah, the Saudi Al Najmah club, an the Al Arabi club.

Media[eedit | eedit soorce]

Unaizah is served bi sax major Arabic-language newspapers, Al Jazeera, Alriyadh, Okaz, Al Watan, Al Hayat, Al Yaum, as well as ane Inglish leid newspaper, Arab News. Unaizah haes ane local magazine, that issues every fower months, it is cried Paris Nejd, named efter the widest spread nickname o Unaizah. In addition tae mony ether naitional an internaitional magazines distributit everywhere in the ceety's mercats.

Televeesion stations servin the ceety aurie include Saudi TV1, Saudi TV2, Saudi TV Sports, Al Ekhbariyah, ART channels network an hundreds o cable, satellite an ither specialty televeesion providers.

The Rulin Dynasty[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety haes been ruled bi the Al Sulaim faimlie syne 1818. They came tae pouer when Prince Yehya Al-Sulaim in 1822 killed the govrenor appointed bi the Ottoman emperor, Abdullah Al-Jamei. This dynasty still rules the ceety according tae a written treaty atween them an the Saudi ryal faimily. Some o the maist famous faimlies in Saudi Arabia originate frae Unaizah, includin the Al Ghothami, Al Hatlani, Al Sulaiman, Al Hamdan, Al Tamimi, Al Zamil, Al Olayan, Al Bassam, Al Gadhi,Alsaloom, Al Subaiee, Al Senany, Al Mansour, Al Yahya, Al Thukair, Al Turki, Al Shoshan, Al Shubaili, Al Shebel, Al Damigh, Al Othaimeen, Al Malloohi, Al Marzooki, Al Manei, Al Se'di, Al Abeeki, Al Khwaiter, Al Sowayil, Al Daffaa, Al Jaffali, Al Dukhayyel, Al Dakheel, Al Abdeli, Al Suhaimi, Al Ohali faimlies an mony ethers.

Unaizah in the news[eedit | eedit soorce]

Unaizah made naitional headlines durin the last 60 years because o its pioneerin spirit. This ceety takes pride in the fact that it produced pioneers an experts in mony professions, tap poets, ambassadors, naitional civil servants an businessmen more than maist Saudi ceeties. The first non-govrenmental literary society/club in the kinrick wis established in Unaizah in 1953, an in 1921, the first public school in Najed wis established. Unaizah is well kent for its hospitality, hence, there are a variety o tourism Festivals in the year. These include dates, an healthy crops festivals. There is also a bi-annual cultural festival which is a trademark for this ceety. It wis the only ceety o the Nejd region tae invite a Saudi Shiite cleric tae speak in a public event, in a grass-ruits effort tae promote a unitit naitional identity. This drew criticism frae conservatives in neighborin ceeties.[citation needit]

Gallery[eedit | eedit soorce]

See also[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

External links[eedit | eedit soorce]

Coordinates: 26°05′02″N 43°59′38″E / 26.084°N 43.994°E / 26.084; 43.994 (Unaizah)Template:Saudi ceeties