Jump to content

Central African Republic

Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge

Coordinates: 7°N 21°E / 7°N 21°E / 7; 21

Central African Republic

  • Ködörösêse tî Bêafrîka (Sango)
  • République centrafricaine (French)
Motto: "Unité, Dignité, Travail" (French)
"Unity, Deegnity, Wirk"
AnthemE Zingo  (Sango)
La Renaissance  (French)
The Renaissance
Location o  Central African Republic  (daurk blue) – in Africae  (licht blue & daurk grey) – in the African Union  (licht blue)
Location o  Central African Republic  (daurk blue)

– in Africae  (licht blue & daurk grey)
– in the African Union  (licht blue)

Location o the Central African Republic
and largest city
4°22′N 18°35′E / 4.367°N 18.583°E / 4.367; 18.583
Offeecial leidsFrench
Ethnic groups
Demonym(s)Central African
GovrenmentSemi-presidential republic
• Preses
Faustin-Archange Touadéra
Félix Moloua
LegislaturNaitional Assembly
• frae Fraunce
13 August 1960
• Central African Empire established
4 December 1976
• Republic restored
21 September 1979
• Total
622,984 km2 (240,535 sq mi) (45t)
• Water (%)
• 2016 estimate
4,594,621[1] (119th)
• 2003 census
• Density
7.1/km2 (18.4/sq mi) (221st)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$4.262 billion[3] (162nd)
• Per capita
$823[3] (184th)
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Tot
$2.321 billion[3] (163th)
• Per capita
$448[3] (181st)
Gini (2008)56.3[4]
heich · 28th
HDI (2019)Increase 0.397[5]
law · 188th
CurrencyCentral African CFA franc (XAF)
Time zoneUTC+1 (WAT)
Drivin sidericht[6]
Cawin code+236
ISO 3166 codeCF
Internet TLD.cf

The Central African Republic (CAR) (French: République centrafricaine, pronounced [ʁepyblik sɑ̃tʁafʁikɛn], or Centrafrique [sɑ̃tʀafʀik]; Sango Ködörösêse tî Bêafrîka), is a landlocked kintra in Central Africae. It borders Chad in the north, Sudan in the east, the Democratic Republic o the Congo an the Republic o the Congo in the sooth, an Cameroon in the wast. The CAR covers a land aurie o aboot 240,000 square miles (623,000 km²), an haes an estimatit population o aboot 4.4 million as per 2008. Bangui is the caipital ceety.

Maist o the CAR consists o Sudano-Guinean savannas but it an aa includes a Sahelo-Sudanian zone in the north an an equatorial forest zone in the sooth. Twa thirds o the kintra lies in the basins o the Ubangi River, which flows sooth intae the Congo River, while the remainin third lies in the basin o the Chari River, which flows north intae Lake Chad.

Since maist o the territory locates in the Ubangi an Shari river basins, France cawed the colony it carved oot in this region Ubangi-Chari, or Oubangui-Chari in French. It became a semi-autonomous territory o the French Community in 1958 an then an independent naition on 13 August 1960. For over three decades after independence, the CAR wis ruled bi presidents who wur no chosen in multi-pairty democratic elections or teuk pouer bi force. Local discontent wi this seestem wis eventually reinforced bi internaitional pressure, follaein the end o the Cold War.

The first multi-party democratic elections wur held in 1993 wi resources providit bi the kintra's donors an help frae the UN Office for Electoral Affairs, an brocht Ange-Félix Patassé tae pouer. He lost popular support durin his presidency an wis owerthrown in 2003 bi French-backed General François Bozizé, who went on tae win a democratic election in Mey 2005. Inability tae pay wirkers in the public sector led tae strikes in 2007, forcin the resignation o the government in early 2008. A new Prime Meenister, Faustin-Archange Touadéra, wis named on Januar 22, 2008.

The Central African Republic is ane o the poorest kintras in the warld an amang the ten poorest kintras in Africae. The Human Development Index for the Central African Republic is 0.315, which gives the kintra a rank o 159 oot o 169 countries with data.[7] In 2001 though, The Ecologist magazine estimatit that the Central African Republic is the warld's leadin kintra in sustainable development.[8]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". ESA.UN.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  2. countrymeters.info. "Live Central African Republic population (2017). Current population of Central African Republic — Countrymeters". countrymeters.info. Archived frae the original on 1 Juin 2016. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  3. a b c d "Central African Republic". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  4. "Gini Index". World Bank. Archived frae the original on 9 Februar 2015. Retrieved 2 Mairch 2011.
  5. Human Development Report 2020 The Next Frontier: Human Development and the Anthropocene (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 15 December 2020. pp. 343–346. ISBN 978-92-1-126442-5. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
  6. Which side of the road do they drive on? Brian Lucas. August 2005. Retrieved 28 January 2009.
  7. Leet o kintras bi Human Development Index
  8. "HS Foreign 24.4.2001 – Did the Central African Republic surpass Finland in environmental affairs?". .hs.fi. Archived frae the original on 4 Juin 2011. Retrieved 27 Juin 2010.