Reid deer

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Reid deer
Temporal range: Miocene–Recent
[1]
Red deer stag 2009 denmark.jpg
Matur male (hert)
Twa males roarin, UK
Red deer (Cervus elaphus) hind.jpg
Female (hind)
Glen Garry, Hieland, Scotland
Scientific classification edit
Kinrick: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Cless: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Faimily: Cervidae
Subfaimily: Cervinae
Genus: Cervus
Species: C. elaphus
Binomial name
Cervus elaphus
Subspecies
Red deer (Cervus elaphus) reconstructed and recent.png
Reconstructit (licht green) an recent (daurk green) range o the reid deer (Cervus elaphus)

The reid deer (Cervus elaphus) is ane o the lairgest deer species. The reid deer indwalls maist o Europe, the Caucasus Moontains region, Asie Minor, Iran, pairts o Wastren Asie, an central Asie. It inhabits the Atlas Muntains region atween Morocco an Tunisie in Northwastren Africae an aa, bein the anely species o deer tae inhabit Africae. Reid deer hae been introduced tae ither auries, includin Australie, New Zealand, Unitit States, Canadae, Peru, Uruguay, Chile an Argentinae.[3][4] In mony pairts o the warld, the meat (venison) frae reid deer is uised as a fuid soorce.

Reid deer are ruminants, chairacterised bi a fower-chaumered stamack. Genetic evidence indicates the reid deer as tradeetionally defined is a species group, raither nor a single species, awtho it remeens disputit as tae exactly hou mony species the group includes.[5][6] The closely relatit an slichtly lairger wapiti, native tae North Americae an eastren pairts o Asie, haed been regairdit as a subspecies o reid deer, but recently it haes been established as a distinct species. It is probable that the auncestor o aw reid deer, includin wapiti, oreeginatit in central Asie an resemmled sika deer.[7]

Awtho at ane time reid deer war rare in pairts o Europe, thay war niver close tae extinction. Reintroduction an conservation efforts, sic as in the Unitit Kinrick an Portugal,[8] haes resultit in an increase o reid deer populations, while ither auries, sic as North Africae, hae conteena'd tae shaw a population decline.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "The Ecology of Red Deer". Deer-UK. Archived frae the original on 23 Juin 2012. Retrieved 2 October 2006. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  2. Lovari, S.; Lorenzini, R.; Masseti, M.; Pereladova, O.; Carden, R.F.; Brook, S.M. & Mattioli, S. (2018). "Cervus elaphus (errata version published in 2019)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2018: e.T55997072A142404453. Retrieved 5 September 2020. Cite uses deprecated parameter |last-author-amp= (help) Database entry includes a brief juistification o why this species is o least concern.
  3. Red Deer – South America | Online Record Book Preview. scirecordbook.org
  4. Red deer – Cervus elaphus. photoshelter.com
  5. Moore, G.H.; Littlejohn, R.P. (1989). "Hybridisation of farmed wapiti (Cervus elaphus manitobensis) and red deer (Cervus elaphus)". New Zealand Journal of Zoology. 16 (2): 191–198. doi:10.1080/03014223.1989.10422568.
  6. Perez-Espona, S.; Hall, R. J.; Perez-Barberia, F. J.; Glass, B. C.; Ward, J. F.; Pemberton, J. M. (2012). "The Impact of Past Introductions on an Iconic and Economically Important Species, the Red Deer of Scotland". Journal of Heredity. 104 (1): 14–22. doi:10.1093/jhered/ess085. PMID 23091222.
  7. Geist, Valerius (1998). Deer of the World: Their Evolution, Behavior, and Ecology. Mechanicsburg, Pa: Stackpole Books. ISBN 0-8117-0496-3.
  8. For the situation in Portugal in 2017, see Público, 2017, January 13