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Municipalities o Nuevo León

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The Mexican state o Nuevo León is dividit intae 51 municipalities, which tak their names frae their municipal seats.

Nuevo León athin Mexico

The maist populous ane is Monterrey, which serves as the caipital o the state. Ootside the Monterrey Metropolitan Aurie (which consists o Apodaca, Escobedo, Guadalupe, San Nicolás de los Garza, San Pedro Garza García an Santa Catarina) the municipalities tend tae be scaircely populatit. Aside frae Cadereyta Jiménez, Juárez, Linares an Montemorelos, nae ither municipality surpasses 50,000 inhabitants.

The lairgest municipality bi aurie is Galeana. Ane o the smawest ones, Hualahuises, is an enclave o Linares.

Each municipality is heidit bi a mayor (in Spaingie: presidente municipal or alcalde) wi a three-year term. Mayors can serve several nan-consecutive terms.

INEGI code
Municipal seat
Oreegin an aulder names
001 Abasolo Abasolo 1826 Foondit as the Hacienda of Eguía de Viudas in 1648, renamit as Abasolo in 1826 Mariano Abasolo (1780–1819) a Mexican revolutionist durin the War o Unthirldom 2,746 44 5.22
002 Agualeguas Agualeguas 1793 Oreeginally foondit bi Friar Diego Vázquez as a Spanish mission named Santa Teresa de Alamillo, in 1675 changed its name tae San Nicolás Gualeguas Mission, then it wis renamed Agualeguas in 1793 Its current name comes frae the nou extinct Gualeguas, a native American nomadic tribe, which scarcely inhabited this aurie afore the Spanish dounset 3,537 1,034 5.55
003 Allende Allende 1850 Previously kent as Rancho del Reparo (Bucking Ranch) formed in 1825 Ignacio Allende (Januar 21, 1769–Juin 26, 1811) a captain o the Spanish Airmy who came tae sympathize wi the Mexican unthirldom movement 29,568 186 177
004 Anáhuac Anáhuac 1933 Merged on Mey 5, 1933, it is the youngest municipality o the state, prior tae 1933, maist of its aurie wis pairt o the Lampazos and Vallecillo municipalities in Nuevo León, the rest wis bought bi the governor of Nuevo León, Bernardo Reyes frae the Juárez municipality in the state of Coahuila in order tae expand Nuevo León's mairch wi Texas and tae compete wi the bordering Mexican states of Coahuila and Tamaulipas in the Import / Export mercat It is named efter the region which comprises the "Valle de México" or "Meseta de Anáhuac" 17,983 4,303 4.20
005 Apodaca Apodaca 1871 Foondit bi the Portuguese settler Gaspar Castaño de Sosa as the Hacienda of San Francisco in 1585 Salvador de Apodaca, a umwhile bishop o the ceety of Linares, Nuevo León 418,784 250 1675
006 Aramberri Aramberri 1877 Foondit as the Santa María de los Angeles de Río Blanco Mission bi the Spanish friar Lorenzo Cantú in 1648, later kent as Villa de Río Blanco frae 1660 tae 1877 José Silvestre Aramberri, a general frae this municipality who focht in the War of Reform 14,692 2,809 5.38
007 Bustamante Bustamante 1832 Prior tae 1832, wis kent as San Miguel de Aguayo, foondit in 1686 Anastasio Bustamante, a preses of Mexico, who wis during its presidency when Bustamante wis renamed 3,326 558 5.92
008 Cadereyta Jiménez Cadereyta Jiménez 1825 Initially foondit as Villa de Cadereyta in 1637, later kent as Villa de San Juan Bautista de Cadereyta (1692) In honour o the marquis of Cadereyta, Spain Lope Díez de Armendáriz, marqués de Cadereyta, forby viceroy o the New Spain. Mariano Jiménez, precursor o the unthirldom in Nuevo León 73,746 1,153 62.16
009 El Carmen El Carmen 1852 Foondit in 1614 bi Bernabé de las Casas as Hacienda de Chipinque, which wis pairt o the administrative aurie of Valle de las Salinas, creatit as a municipality in 1852 El Carmen, in honour of Nuestra señora del Carmén, (Our Lady of Mount Carmel) 6,996 101 37.33
010 Cerralvo Cerralvo 1626 The Villa of San Gregorio de Cerralvo, The auldest municipality o the state as it wis the first Spanish dounset in Nuevo León which teuk place in 1582 in what is nou Cerralvo, Oreeginally it wis the first caipital o the state In honour o the marquis of Cerralvo, Spain and fifteenth Viceroy of New Spain Rodrigo Pacheco y Osorio, marqués de Cerralvo, (1565–1652), 9,343 880 8.6
011 China China 1812 Initially formed in 1719 as a ranch named San Felipe de Jesús of China, renamed simply as China in 1812, prior tae 1868 included the Rancho El Toro (Bull's ranch) and Rancho del Zacate (Gress Ranch) which are nou General Bravo and Doctor Coss municipalities Saint Philip of Jesus, (1572–1597), a Mexican Catholic missionary in China and Japan, who became ane o the Twenty-six Martyrs of Japan 10,697 4,092 2.92
012 Ciénega de Flores Ciénega de Flores 1863 Formed as the Hacienda of Ciénega de Flores, prior tae 1634, the aurie wis pairt o the Valle del Carrizal Cienega, a Spanish wird for "boggy", and Flores, the surname of an early rancher o the aurie 14,268 171 42.94
013 Doctor Arroyo Doctor Arroyo 1828 Previously kent as Valle de la Purísima Concepción Dr. José Francisco Arroyo, a doctor, theologist, an the first delegate o the Nuevo León's state congress 33,269 5,420 7.24
014 Doctor Coss Doctor Coss 1882 Formed in 1740 as the Rancho del Zacate. prior tae 1882, the aurie wis pairt of what is nou China, Nuevo León Dr. José María Coss, a distinguished member o the insurgent Congress 1,639 712 2.92
015 Doctor González Doctor González 1883 Prior tae 1883, the aurie wis kent as Hacienda de Ramos which wis pairt o the Valle de las Salinas Dr. José Eleuterio González, a doctor, philanthropist, writer and governor of Nuevo León in 1870 3,092 628 4.53
016 Galeana Galeana 1678 Initially foondit as San Pablo de Labradores Mission, and later kent as The Valle of San Pablo de Galeana Hermenegildo Galeana, a soldier o the insurgent airmy during the Mexican War of unthirldom 38,930 7,154 5.52
017 García García 1851 Foondit as Pesquería Grande in 1583 Joaquín García, governor of Nuevo León (1829–1833) and (1837–1839) 51,658 913 33
018 General Bravo General Bravo 1863 Formed as Rancho del Toro in 1790, Prior tae 1863, the aurie wis pairt of what is nou China, Nuevo León municipality Nicolás Bravo Rueda, a Mexican preses and general 5,385 1,999 2.79
019 General Escobedo General Escobedo 1868 Prior tae 1868, wis kent in 1624 as Hacienda of Topo de los Ayala Mariano Escobedo (1826–1902), a New Leonese airmy general, and governor of Nuevo León (1865 and 1866) 299,364 207 513.86
020 General Terán General Terán 1851 The aurie wis pairt of Valle de la Mota which wis foondit in 1746 Manuel Mier y Terán, a general o the Mexican war of unthirldom 14,022 2,477 6.27
021 General Treviño General Treviño 1868 Oreeginally formed as Rancho del Puntiagudo (Sharp's Ranch) in 1688 Jerónimo Treviño, a general who participated in the War of reform and against the French intervention in Mexico 1,476 356 4.33
022 General Zaragoza General Zaragoza 1866 Foondit in 1626 as San José de Río Blanco Mission bi Friar Lorenzo Cantú, then in 1660 became pairt of what is nou Aramberri, Nuevo León until 1866 Ignacio Zaragoza, a Texan general o the Mexican airmy during the Battle o Puebla 5,733 1,289 5.03
023 General Zuazua General Zuazua 1863 Foondit as the Hacienda of Santa Helena in 1660 Juan Zuazua (1821–1860), a New Leonese general o the War of Reform an the Mexican-American War 6,985 194 48.5
024 Guadalupe Guadalupe 1825 Oreeginally foondit in 1714 as a Spanish mission named Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe Mission Its name comes frae the name o the early Spanish mission in the aurie, (Our lady of Guadalupe Mission), in honour o the Virgin of Guadalupe 691,931 118 4,429
025 Hidalgo Hidalgo 1828 Initially foondit bi the Spanish Canarian settler Bernabé de las casas as Hacienda de En medio (1611), subsequently renamed as El pueblito, and later San Nicolás Hidalgo Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla (1753–1811), the priest who raised the caw for Mexico's unthirldom frae Spain 11,668 109 53
026 Higueras Higueras 1863 Foondit in 1714 as Santa Teresa de las Higueras bi the Spanish settler Diego González Higueras, the Spanish wird for the Common fig tree, which is abundant throughout the aurie 1,427 669 2.28
027 Hualahuises Hualahuises 1715 Foondit in 1646 as the Mission of San Cristóbal de los Hualahuises bi the Spanish settler Martín de Zavala, but it wis awmaist unpopulated until 1715, in 1908 the aurie aroond the municipality wis annexed intae the Linares municipality, sicweys makin it an enclave of that municipality Hualahuises, a native American tribe which inhabited the aurie afore the Spanish dounset in 1646 6,631 165 26.4
028 Iturbide Iturbide 1850 Prior tae 1850 wis kent as Hacienda de los San Pedros Agustin de Iturbide (September 27, 1783–Julie 19, 1824), Ane o the national liberators o the Mexico's unthirldom frae Spain, an the first emperor of Mexico frae 1822 tae 1823 3,533 700 4.84
029 Juárez Juárez 1868 Oreeginally foondit in 1604 as Hacienda de San José Don Benito Juárez García, a umwhile preses of Mexico 144,380 275 100.84
030 Lampazos de Naranjo Lampazos de Naranjo 1877 Initially foondit as the Mission of Nuestra señora de la Punta de Lampazos bi Friar Diego de Salazar in 1698, later creatit as municipality in 1877 Lampazos wis named in honour o the plant that grows in this aurie Xanthosoma Robustum, the Naranjo pairt wis named in honour tae the New Leonese general Francisco Naranjo who wis frae this municipality 5,305 4,020 1.32
031 Linares Linares 1712 Previously kent as San Felipe de Linares, foondit in 1712 Its name honours Fernando de Alencastre, a viceroy and duke of Linares, Spain 71,061 2,322 25.8
032 Los Aldamas Los Aldamas 1820 Foondit as a Mission, later named Villa de Hoyos, renamed Santa María de los Aldamas and finally creatit as municipality and renamed as Los Aldamas in 1820 In honour o the brothers, Juan and Ignacio Aldamas, initiators o the unthirldom of Mexico alang wi Miguel Hidalgo 1,675 645 5
033 Los Herreras Los Herreras 1874 Formed as Rancho de la Manteca aroond 1760, offeecially creatit as a municipality in 1870 In honour o the New Leonese brothers, José Martín Herrera an the colonel Rafael Herrera, who participated in the Battle o San Bernabé 2,795 550 7.68
034 Los Ramones Los Ramones 1912 Prior tae 1847 the aurie wis pairt o the Cerralvo municipality an the aurie wis kent as Rancho del Capadero, later annexed tae the Cadereyta municipality and wis kent as Valle de San José de los Ramones, and wis offeecially creatit as a separate municipality until 1912 In honour o the brothers Juan Ignacio Ramón and Buenaventura Ramón, notable precursors o the Mexican unthirldom movement 6,538 1,156 5
035 Marín Marín 1804 Initially formed in 1684 as a ranch named Rancho de San Antonio de los Martinez, renamed as Villa de San Carlos de Marín in 1804 and subsequently kent as Marin Primo Feliciano Marín de Porras, a bishop o the New kingdom of León and honour chaplain o the Spain's keeng 4,719 157 26
036 Melchor Ocampo Melchor Ocampo 1924 Formed as a ranch named Charco Redondo in 1702 Melchor Ocampo, Foreign Secretary during the War of Reform 1,052 262 7
037 Mier y Noriega Mier y Noriega 1849 Foondit aroond 1715 bi Spanish settlers as Hacienda de San Antonio de Medina Friar Servando Teresa de Mier, (October 18, 1765–December 3, 1827), a Roman Catholic priest frae Monterrey and a famous preacher and politeecian in New Spain, ane o the maist prominent figures of Nuevo León during the unthirldom movement of New Spain an aw 7,047 981 6
038 Mina Mina 1851 Foondit in 1608 bi the Spanish Canarian settler Bernabé de las Casas as the Hacienda de San Francisco de Cañas, forby kent as "Valle de San Francisco de las Cañas" and San Francisco de las Cañas which wis an administrative aurie o the Valle de las Salinas, it wis declared as a municipality in 1851 Francisco Javier Mina, (December 15, 1789–November 11, 1817), a Spanish lawyer and airmy officer who sympathized wi the Mexican unthirldom frae Spain, convinced bi Friar Servando Teresa de Mier that it wis possible tae fecht the absolute monarchy of Ferdinand VII in his ain colonies. 5,384 3,915 1.28
039 Montemorelos Montemorelos 1825 Prior tae 1825, the aurie wis pairt o the Valle de San Mateo del Pilón established in 1701, which wis previously foondit in 1653 bi the Spanish Captain Alonso de León Componed o the words Monte (moontain), and Morelos, a precursor o the independene of Mexico frae Spain 53,854 1,700 30.9
040 Monterrey Monterrey 1596 Foondit in its first attempt in 1577 bi Alberto del Canto as Santa Lucía, foondit again bi Luis Carvajal y de la Cueva in 1582 as San Luis rey de Francia but it still wis unpopulated, and wis finally declared foondit wi success on September 20, 1596 bi Diego de Montemayor as Nuestra Señora de Monterrey The ceety is named Monterrey in honour o the Count and Countess of Monterrey, Spain, forby viceroy of New Spain Gaspar de Zúñiga y Acevedo and his wife 1,133,814 781 2461
041 Parás Parás 1851 Previously formed as a ranch cried Rancho del Huizachal de los Canales, creatit as a municipality in 1851 José María Parás y Ballesteros, First governor of Nuevo León as a Mexican state 992 1,008 1
042 Pesquería Pesquería 1844 Foondit in 1699 as Hacienda del Espíritu Santo, later kent as Hacienda of Pesquería Chica Pesquería in Spanish means 'fishery', it wis named sae acause o the Pesquería River, which cross the aurie 3,075 346 27
043 Rayones Rayones 1851 Merged in 1851 as Rayones, prior tae 1851, the municipal seat wis a ranch named San Miguel del Tasajal, which wis pairt o the Valle del Pilón nou Montemorelos In honour o the brothers, Ramón, Ignacio and Francisco Rayón, who focht in the Mexican war of Independence 905.20 844 2.88
044 Sabinas Hidalgo Sabinas Hidalgo 1826 Initially foondit in 1693 as Valle de Santiago de las Sabinas, creatit as a municipality in 1826 Sabinas, the Spanish wird for "Junipers", coniferous plants abundant in the aurie 32,040 1,393 19.4
045 Salinas Victoria Salinas Victoria 1826 Initially foondit bi the Portuguese settler Luis Carvajal y de la Cueva as "Villa de Cueva" in 1586, subsequently kent as Valle de Salinas, which wis the administrative aurie's seat o the Valle de las Salinas, ane o the five oreeginal administrative auries o the New kingdom of León "Salinas" (Spanish for salt marshes) wis chosen acause the lands present saline characteristics. "Victoria" efter the first presidentof Mexico Guadalupe Victoria. 27,848 1,609 19.4
046 San Nicolás de los Garza San Nicolás de los Garza 1830 Foondit in 1596 when the lands war transfer bi Diego de Montemayor (who successfully haed foondit Monterrey), tae Diego Díaz de Berlanga and his wife Mariana. It wis kent as San Nicolás de los Garza, creatit as a municipality in 1830 In honour of Saint Nicholas, an the last pairt in honour o the Garza surname of Pedro de la Garza, an early Spanish settler and rancher o the aurie 496,878 57 5,724
047 San Pedro Garza García San Pedro Garza García 1882 The lands war passed in November, 20 1596 tae Diego de Montemayor's son, Diego de Montemayor el mozo, the aurie wis cried San Pedro de los Nogales in 1725, later kent as the Valle de San Pedro, and creatit as a municipality in 1882 "San Pedro", in honour of Saint Peter, and "Garza Garcia", in honour o the governor of Nuevo León, Genaro Garza García 125,978 86.8 1,815
048 Santa Catarina Santa Catarina 1864 Foondit in November, 20 1596 bi the Spanish captain Lucas García as the Hacienda de Santa Catarina, later kent as Valle de Santa Catarina, creatit as a municipality in 1864 In honour of Saint Catherine, as it wis foondit on the eve of Saint Catherine's day (November 24) 227,026 927 230
049 Santiago Santiago 1831 Foondit in 1648 as Valle de Santiago del Huajuco bi Diego Rodríguez de Montemayor (Diego de Montemayor's grandson) "Santiago", a Spanish name version o the apostle James, son of Alphaeus 37,886 732 48.2
050 Vallecillo Vallecillo 1825 Foondit in 1768 as Real de San Carlos de Vallecillo In honour of El Vallecillo, a Spanish municipality locatit in the province of Teruel, Aragon, Spain 2,169 1,823 1.16
051 Villaldama Villaldama 1826 Foondit in 1690 as Boca de Leones or Real Boca de Leones, creatit as a municipality in 1826 wi the name of Villaldama Juan Aldama, ane o the precursors o the unthirldom of Mexico 4,247 1,436 4.87

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