Juchitán Destrict

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Juchitán Destrict
Destrict
Oaxaca regions an destricts: Istmo tae the east
Oaxaca regions an destricts: Istmo tae the east
Coordinates: 16°26′N 95°01′W / 16.433°N 95.017°W / 16.433; -95.017
Kintra  Mexico
State Oaxaca

Juchitán Destrict is locatit in the east o the Istmo de Tehuantepec region o the State o Oaxaca, Mexico, coverin the soohren pairt o a law lyin corridor throu the muntains that separates the Guwf o Mexico frae the Paceefic Ocean. The destrict haes a aurie o 13,300 km2 an a population as o 2005 o 339,445.

Isthmus o Tehuantepec road an railweys. Juchitán in the sooth

Environs[eedit | eedit soorce]

The climate is wairm. The destrict is relatively flat in the soothren coastal plain, boondit bi lagoons an then the ocean. Inland tae the north it is hillier, risin tae the crest o the isthmus an then descendin towards the Veracruz coastal plain o the Guwf o Mexico. The laund rises tae muntains tae the Wast (Sierra Madre de Oaxaca) an the East (Sierra Madre de Chiapas).[1] The municipalities o Santa María Chimalapa an San Miguel Chimalapa contain a lairge pairt o the Selva Zoque, the lairgest tract o tropical rainforest in Mexico, which contains the majority o terrestrial biodiversity in the kintra.[2]

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ither than in the touns o the trans-isthmus corridor in the wast o the destrict, maist fowk are engagit in agricultur. Near the coast, there is fishin activity, an in some inland auries fine lumber is extractit for uise in furnitur makkin.[1] The govrenment haes plans tae develop the trans-isthmus corridor. This includes impruivin transportation routes athort the isthmus atween the Caribbean an the Paceefic, an developin a industrial zone alang the heich-gate. Ither plans include creatin coffee plantations an cattle corridors, expandin production o beans, maize an chili an exploitin the bio-genetic resources o native medicinal plants.[3]

La Venta wind ferm

The isthmus haes reliable, dominant north-sooth winds. Some pilot wind ferms hae been built, notably at La Venta.[4] Thare are plans tae build mair, awtho thare haes been local resistance due tae the communal awnership o laund and concerns that the annual rental prices affered are too law[5][6] A plan first proponit in 1977 for a dam in the Chimalapas haes been stawed due tae environmental concerns.[3] In Juin 2008 the State o Oaxaca wis again proponin construction o a storage dam in the Rio El Corte Basin in the Chimalapa sub-region, wi the potential tae irrigate 100,000 hectares o the Isthmus o Tehuantepec an tae supplee watter tae the Salina Cruz Refinery.[7]

Municipalities[eedit | eedit soorce]

Municipalities in Juchitán Diestrict

The destrict includes the follaein municipalities:[1]

Municipality Aurie km2 2005
Population
Indigenous
Population
Asunción Ixtaltepec 547 14,438 6,583
Chahuites 161 9,929
Ciudad Ixtepec 230 24,181 4,667
El Barrio de La Soledad 233 13,439
El Espinal 83 8,219
Juchitán de Zaragoza 415 85,869
Matías Romero 1,460 38,421
Reforma de Pineda 194 2,691
San Dionisio del Mar 237 5,165 2,639
San Francisco del Mar 401 6,874 926
San Francisco Ixhuatán 407 9,050
San Juan Guichicovi 564 27,646 19,367
San Miguel Chimalapa 1,593 6,541 1,988
San Pedro Tapanatepec 545 13,647 609
Santa María Chimalapa 3,572 8,643 3,381
Santa María Petapa 145 13,867 3,294
Santa María Xadani 89 7,283 6,114
Santiago Niltepec 680 4,961 56
Santo Domingo Ingenio 355 7,299 465
Santo Domingo Petapa 232 7,583 2,696
Santo Domingo Zanatepec 1,024 10,716 211
Unión Hidalgo 133 12,983 7,230

Gallery[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México: Estado de Oaxaca". Retrieved 2010-07-08. 
  2. "Selva Zoque" (PDF). Gulf Coast Bird Observatory. Retrieved 2010-06-28. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Emanuel Gómez (marzo 2002). "El futuro de la Selva Zoque". La Jornada, Suplemento Ojarasca Nº 59, (in Spanish). Retrieved 2010-06-27.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  4. "3er. Cologuio Internacional Sobre Oportunidades para el Desarrollo de la Ventosa, Oaxaca, Mexico" (PDF). Comisión Nacional para el Uso Eficiente de la Energía. Retrieved 2010-07-16. 
  5. Karen Trejo (2008-08-14). "Wind parks take over indigenous lands". Latinamerica Press. Retrieved 2010-07-15. 
  6. "Wind farms in Mexico to generate green power for Cemex cement company and the Wal-Mart retail chain". Elsevier Ltd. 11 Januar 2010. Retrieved 2010-07-15. 
  7. "Respuestas de las solicitudes de información recibidas el día 25 de de 2008: Folio: UE/LX/0670/2008". SENADO DE LA REPÚBLICA DE MEXICO. Retrieved 2010-06-26.