Juquila Destrict

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Juquila Destrict
Destrict
Oaxaca regions an destricts: Costa region in the Soothwast
Oaxaca regions an destricts: Costa region in the Soothwast
Coordinates: 16°14′N 97°18′W / 16.233°N 97.300°W / 16.233; -97.300
Country  Mexico
State Oaxaca

Juquila Destrict is locatit in the centre o the Costa Region o the State o Oaxaca, Mexico, on the Paceefic coast. It haes a aurie o 5,055 km2. As o 2005 it haed a tot population o 134,365 o whom 33,106 spoke an indigenous leid. Economic activities include agricultur an tourism. The Santuario (Sanctuary) de Juquila is a major attraction.[1]

Environment[eedit | eedit soorce]

The destrict lees on the Paceefic coast o soothwastren Oaxaca, wi generally hilly laund risin tae the soothren edge o the Sierra Madre del Sur. The coastal climate is het an humid, while inland the climate is wairm an humid. The wastren pairt o the destrict includes the Lagunas de Chacahua Naitional Pairk, which includes the lagoons o Chacahua, La Pastoria, Las Salinas.[2]

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Virgen de Juquila

The maist important economic activity is agricultur, includin cultivation o maize, beans an vegetables for personal consumption. The fowk practice ainimal husbandry on a smaw scale, an some hunt an fish an aw. Coffee is grown inland, an various teeps o fruit near the coast. Tourism is important in the coastal region, pairticularly in Puerto Escondido.[3]

The toun o Santa Catarina Juquila is kent for the Santuario (Sanctuar) de Juquila, which hooses a 30 cm statue o the Virgin Mary, which haes been veneratit syne the 16t century. In 1633, it survivit, completely intact, a fire that destroyed the veelage in which it wis oreeginally locatit. At the beginnin o the 18t century, it wis muivit tae its current location whaur the sanctuar wis biggit for it. Thoosans veesit this Virgin frae athort the state o Oaxaca, ither pairts o Mexico an abroad.[2]

Weemen at a meetin in San Miguel Panixtlahuaca

Indigenous fowk[eedit | eedit soorce]

The destrict roughly coincides wi the aurie occupee'd bi the Chatino fowk afore the Spainyie arrivit, a group wi close cultural an linguistic tees wi the Zapotec fowk. The Chatino leid is still widely spoken in inland commonties such as San Miguel Panixtlahuaca, Santa María Temaxcaltepec an Santiago Yaitepec.[4] The ruins o the caipital o the Chatino state are preservit near Santos Reyes Nopala, an include lairge stane biggins, baw courts an pyramids.[5]

The aurie in the wast o Villa de Tututepec de Melchor Ocampo wis occupee'd bi a smaw Mixtec kinrick establisht in 357 AD.[6]

Municipalities[eedit | eedit soorce]

The destrict includes the follaein municipalities:[1]

Municipalities o Juquila destrict
Municipality Aurie (km2) Tot
population
Indigenous
population
San Gabriel Mixtepec 1,302 3,930 87
San Juan Lachao 190 3,936 1,825
San Juan Quiahije 92 4,154 3,517
San Miguel Panixtlahuaca 264 5,724 4,903
San Pedro Juchatengo 108 1,618 8
San Pedro Mixtepec, Juquila 332 33,682 919
Santa Catarina Juquila 811 14,380 4,168
Santa María Temaxcaltepec 87 2,628 2,081
Santiago Yaitepec 54 3,665 3,137
Santos Reyes Nopala 196 14,504 7,475
Tataltepec de Valdés 370 5,377 2,842
Villa de Tututepec de Melchor Ocampo 1,249 40,767 2,144

Gallery[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México: Estado de Oaxaca". Retrieved 2010-07-08. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Quintanar Hinojosa, Beatriz (2007). "Laguna de Chacahua". Guía México Desconocido: Oaxaca. 137: 68.  Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help) Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "MexDesOax" defined multiple times wi different content
  3. Bruce Whipperman (2008). Moon Oaxaca. Avalon Travel. p. 197ff. ISBN 1-59880-088-4. 
  4. "Chatino of Oaxaca". Mexican Textiles. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 
  5. "Santos Reyes Nopala". Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional para el Federalismo y el Desarrollo Municipal. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 
  6. "Villa de Tututepec de Melchor Ocampo". Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México. Instituto Nacional para el Federalismo y el Desarrollo Municipal. Retrieved Juin 12, 2009.