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Istmo de Tehuantepec

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Istmo de Tehuantepec
Oaxaca regions - Istmo de Tehuantepec tae the east
Oaxaca regions - Istmo de Tehuantepec tae the east
Coordinates: 16°10′57″N 95°11′45″W / 16.18250°N 95.19583°W / 16.18250; -95.19583
Kintra Mexico
 • Total19977 km2 (7,713 sq mi)

Istmo de Tehuantepec is the lairgest region in the state o Oaxaca, Mexico. It covers the soothren pairt o the Isthmus o Tehuantepec, the shortest route atween the Guwf o Mexico an the Paceefic Ocean afore the Panama Canal wis opened. The region haes twa destricts, Juchitán an Tehuantepec, wi a tot o 41 municipalities.[1]

Salina Cruz is the lairgest ceety in the Istmo region

The region haes cement an lime plants, but the main industrie is the Pemex refinery in the port o Salina Cruz on the Paceefic coast. The isthmus haes extensive livestock production. Crops include sesame, coffee, rice, sorghum, pineapple, bananae, coconut, melon an sugarcane. Fishin cooperatives hairst shrimp an ither seafuid frae the Paceefic.

The govrenment haes plans tae develop the trans-isthmus corridor, includin impruivin transportation routes, developin an industrial zone alang the heich-gate an expandin the petroleum an petrochemical industries in Salina Cruz. Ither plans include creatin coffee plantations an cattle corridors, expandin production o beans, maize an chili an exploitin the bio-genetic resoorces o native medicinal plants.[2]

The region contains the lairgest pairt o the Selva Zoque, or Zoque Forest, an aurie o great ecological importance includin the lairgest intact tropical rain forest in Mexico.[3]


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  1. "Región Papaloapam". Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México. Archived frae the original on 16 Juin 2011. Retrieved 6 Julie 2010.
  2. Emanuel Gómez (marzo 2002). "El futuro de la Selva Zoque". La Jornada, Suplemento Ojarasca Nº 59, (in Spanish). Retrieved 2010-06-27. Check date values in: |date= (help)CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link) CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  3. "Selva Zoque". WWF Mexico. Archived frae the original on 17 November 2010. Retrieved 28 Juin 2010.