Santa María Petapa

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Santa María Petapa
"guigo daa" or "guego daa" (Zapoteca);
"petlal" "pan" (Nahuatl).
Municipality an toun
Santa María Petapa is locatit in Mexico
Santa María Petapa
Santa María Petapa
Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 16°49′N 95°7′W / 16.817°N 95.117°W / 16.817; -95.117Coordinates: 16°49′N 95°7′W / 16.817°N 95.117°W / 16.817; -95.117
Kintra  Mexico
State Oaxaca
Aurie
 • Total 145.44 km2 (56.15 sq mi)
Elevation 260 m (850 ft)
Time zone Central Staundart Time (UTC-6)
 • Simmer (DST) Central Daylicht Time (UTC-5)

Santa María Petapa is a toun an municipality in Oaxaca in sooth-wastren Mexico. It is pairt o the Juchitán Destrict in the wast o the Istmo de Tehuantepec region. The name comes frae the Zapotec leid wirds meanin "fower winds". The toun wis gien this name in 1525.[1] Efter Espiritu Santu (nou Coatzacoalcos) it is the auldest Spainyie toun in the Isthmus o Tehuantepec.[2] Guigo or guego an petlatl means "river" an daa or petlatl means petate. It is oreeginal name o Petapa.

The toun is locatit on a plain, boondit tae the north an wast bi heich muntains.[2] It is at a elevation o 260 metres abuin sea level. The municipality covers a aurie o 145.44 km². The laund is irrigatit bi the river Petapa. The climate is wairm an humid, wi abundant rainfall in the spring, simmer an hairst. The forests conteen aik, mahogany, cedar, guaiac, rosewood, spring, Nopo, mamey, avocado, pine an cedar. Wild fauna include Toucan, boar, deer, tepeizcuinte, coyote, raccoon, armadillo an skunk.[1]

The kirk o Oor Lady o the Assumption wis biggit in the saxteent hunderyear.[3] A 1852 description said the toun haed ance conteenit a population o 5,000 but haed bi that time been reducit tae 1,300.[2] As o 2005, the municipality haed 3,476 hoosehauds wi a tot population o 13,867, 3,294 o whilk spak a indigenous leid. The main economic activity is agricultur, wi craps o corn, beans, coffee an vegetables. Ainimal husbandry is important an aw, includin nowt, pigs, gaits, sheep, horse an poultry. Logging is practicit an aw, wi fine firth mercatit for furnitur manufacturin.[1]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Santa María Petapa". Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México. Instituto Nacional para el Federalismo y el Desarrollo Municipal. Retrieved 2010-07-15. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 John Jay Williams, Tehuantepec Railroad Company of New Orleans, Tehuantepec Railway Company (1852). The isthmus of Tehuantepec: being the results of a survey for a railroad to connect the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, made by the scientific commission under the direction of Major J.G. Barnard, U.S. engineers. With a résumé of the geology, climate, local geography, productive industry, fauna and .. D. Appleton & Company. p. 243. 
  3. Erick OSORIO CASAS (2009-08-14). "Santa María Petapa, una fiesta de más de 400 años". el IMPARCIAL (in Spanish). Retrieved 2010-07-15.