Jump to content


Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge
Ither transcription(s)
 • Arabicجباليا
 • An aa spelledJabalya (official)
Hoose in Azbet, Jabalia, destroyed bi Israel in 2009
Hoose in Azbet, Jabalia, destroyed bi Israel in 2009
Jabalia is located in the Palestinian territories
Location o Jabalia within the Palestinian territories
Coordinates: 31°31′41″N 34°28′59″E / 31.52806°N 34.48306°E / 31.52806; 34.48306Coordinates: 31°31′41″N 34°28′59″E / 31.52806°N 34.48306°E / 31.52806; 34.48306
Palestine grid100/103
GovrenorateNorth Gaza
 • TeepCeety
 • Jurisdiction82,877
Name meanin"The moontaineers"[1]

Jabalia an aa Jabalya (Arabic: جباليا‎) is a Palestinian ceety locatit 4 kilometers (2.5 mi) north o Gaza Ceety. It is unner the jurisdiction o the North Gaza Govrenorate, in the Gaza Strip. Accordin tae the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, Jabalia haed a population of 82,877 in mid-year 2006.[2] The Jabalia refugee camp is adjacent tae the ceety tae the North.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

A lairge cemetery datin tae the 8t century BC wis foond near Jabalia. The wirkmanship indicates that the Christian community in Gaza wis still vera hintle in existence in the early Islamic era o rule in Palestine, an capable o airtistic achievements. The remains o the pavement spared bi the iconoclasts shaw depictions o wild gemme, birds an kintra scenes. The late datin o the mosaic pavement proves that the intervention o the iconoclasts, efter 750, is later than previously thocht an is associatit wi Abbasid conservatives.[3]

While wirkin on the Salah ad-Din Road, laborers accidentally uncovered a monastery frae the Byzantine period. The steid wis excavatit bi the Palestinian Depairtment o Antiquities. Nou the stunnin Byzantine mosaics o the monastery are covered wi saund tae shield them frae erosion caused bi the direct impact o the winter rain.[4]

Jabalia wis kent for its fertile soil an citrus trees. The Mamluk ruler Alam al-Din Sanjar al-Jawli ruled the aurie in the 14t century an donatit land for the Omeri Mosque that anchors the veelage. Nae structures frae the auncient pairt o the mosque remain, except the portico an minaret. The rest o the mosque is o modren construction. The portico consists o three arcades supportit bi fower stane columns. The arcades hae pointit airches an the portico is covered bi crossin vaults.[5]

In late 2006 it wis the scene o a mass protest against Israeli attacks when a lairge nummer o fowk formed a human shield tae pertect a hoose which wis aboot tae be demolished bi Israeli forces.[6]

Residents celebratit in the streets efter prayers, urged on bi the imam ower the loudspeakers o the mosque, when news came o the August 2010 Wast Bank shuitin.[7]

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Jabalia haes a heicher than average rate o male pseudohermaphrodite births. A Canadian-Palestinian pediatrician an urologist named Jehad Abudaia said that inbreeding is the reason why pseudohermaphrodite births are relatively prevalent. Acause Gaza haes a lawer staundart o medical care than mony places in the Wastren warld, pseudohermaphrodite conditions aften go undetectit for years efter the births occur.[8]

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns — Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Jabalia is twinned wi the follaein:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Palmer, 1881, p. 360
  2. Projected Mid -Year Population Archived 2012-02-12 at the Wayback Machine for Gaza Govrenorate bi Locality 2004-2006 Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics
  3. Humbert, Jean-Baptiste. The rivers of Paradise in the Byzantine Church near Jabaliyah - Gaza Studium Biblicum Franciscanum - Jerusalem. 16 December 2000.
  4. Jabalya Mosaic Archived 2009-03-27 at the Wayback Machine Programme of Assistance to the Palestinian People. p.6. 2004.
  5. Travel in Gaza Archived 2013-08-23 at the Wayback Machine MidEastTravelling.
  6. Conal Urquhart in Tel Aviv (20 November 2006). "Palestinians use human shield to halt Israeli air strike on militants' homes | World news". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 8 Mey 2010.
  7. "Killing of Israeli Settlers Rattles Leaders, Isabel Kershner, Mark Lander, August 31, 2010, New York Times.
  8. Watson, Ivan. "Rare gender identity defect hits Gaza families." CNN. December 17, 2009. Retrieved on December 17, 2009.
  9. "Groningen - Partner Cities". © 2008 Gemeente Groningen, Kreupelstraat 1,9712 HW Groningen. Archived frae the original on 26 September 2007. Retrieved 8 December 2008.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Template:North Gaza Govrenorate