|• Mayor||Aram Razmik Danielyan|
|• Total||21 km2 (8 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,750 m (5,740 ft)|
|• Density||2,519/km2 (6,520/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+4 (GMT+4)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+5 (GMT+5)|
|Sources: Population |
Hrazdan (Armenie: Հրազդան, an aa Romanized as Razdan; umwhile, Akhta, Akhti, Akhtala, Nizhniye Akhty, Nizhne Akhti, Nerkin Akhta, an Nizhnyaya Akhta) is the caipital o the Kotayk province o Armenie. The name Hrazdan is derived frae the Middle Persie name Frazdan. Farzdan is connectit tae the Zoroastrian meethology. Wi a population o 52,900 it is the fift-lairgest ceety in Armenie bi population. It haes lost significant population syne the 1989 census reportit 59,000 fowk. Durin the Soviet years it wis ane o the heichlie-industrialized touns o the Armenie SSR.
Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]
The toun o Hrazdan is situatit in the north-eastren pairt o Armenie. Frae the North it is bordered wi Pambak muntains, frae the sooth-wast wi Tsakhkunyats muntains, frae the east the border crosses Geghama muntains up tae the top o Goutanasar muntain. Hrazdan River flows alang the town, an the streamlets Marmarik an Aghveran flow intae it.
The ceety is locatit on a height that ranges atween 1600 an 1750 meters abuin sea level. The annual average temperature o the air is 6 °C. The amoont o annual precipitation is 715–730 mm.
History[eedit | eedit soorce]
Hrazdan is ane o the ceeties which hae been established durin the Soviet rule. The centre o Hrazdan region (umwhile Akhta region) between 1930-59 was Akhta village, which is the southern destrict o the present-day Hrazdan toun. In 1959 Akhta veelage wis classifee'd as a settlement o urban type o the Republic an in the same year it wis renamed Hrazdan. Wi the order o the Supreme Soviet o the Armenian SSR, 12 Januar 1963 "Aboot territorial chynges in the Armenie SSR", the veelages o Atabekyan, Jrarat, Kakavadzor an Makravan veelages hae been merged athin the toun o Hrazdan. In fact, the toun o Hrazdan wis formed through the merger o a group o separate settlements. Thus, efter becomin a toun o regional dependence, Hrazdan stairtit tae chynge rapidly. Durin that period, the population o Hrazdan wis approximately 61,000. The auncient inhabitants o the toun wur frae the regions o Sasun, Kars an Mush o Wastren Armenie, an the regions o Maku, Salmast an Khoi o the present-day Iran, who arrived in the aurie atween 1926-29. Durin the Soviet era, citizens frae ither regions o Armenie an Armenians frae Diaspora wur settled in Hrazdan.
In December 1995, Hrazdan became the centre o Kotayk province.
Industry[eedit | eedit soorce]
Hrazdan is ane o the maist industrialized ceeties in the Republic o Armenie. The ceety operates ane o the biggest thermoelectrical pouer stations in the region. The hydro pouer station o Hrazdan lies on the shores o Lake Tsovinar. The cement factory o Hrazdan which haes been put in action in 1970, is ane o the lairgest enterprises in the Caucasus. Ither types o industries in Hrazdan include: carpet manufacturin, production o electrical equipments, dairy products an cattle-breedin.
Education an cultur[eedit | eedit soorce]
Hrazdan is hame tae ane private heicher educational institute, the Hrazdan Humanitarian Institute, which haes 3 faculties: law, pedagogy an economics. Twa intermediate colleges are operatin in the toun.
Currently, there are 13 public education schools, 13 nursery schools, 1 school for special needs an several special schools for muisic, airts an sports.
The seicont Human Rights Library Network (HRLN) leebrar o the Armenian Constitutional Right-Protective Centre (ACRPC) wis established in Hrazdan in 1998.
The community o Hrazdan are vigorously involved in cultural activities. The municipality runs the Hrazdan toun Dramatic Theatre foondit in 1953. The Hrazdan branch o the State Gallery o Armenie an the Geological Museum o Hrazdan are an aa run bi the municipality. The third museum o the ceety is the History Museum foondit bi Armen Aivazyan, wi mair than 4,000 exhibits, some o which are 2-3 million years auld.
Steids o interest:
- Aghbyurak Kirk o the 10t century.
- Surb Stepanos (Saunt Stephen) Monastic Complex o the 10t century.
- Makaravan Monastic Complex o the 10-13t centuries, it haes two kirks: Surb Amenaprkich (10t century) an Surb Astvatsatsin (13t century).
- Surb Karapet Kirk o Jrarat built in 1831, currently unner reconstruction.
- Surb Khach (Holy Cross) Kirk o Kojor built in 1861.
- Surb Mariam Astvatsatsin (Holy Mither o God) Kirk o Vanatur built in 1883.
- Lake Tsovinar wi its surroondin pairks.
- The rivers o Hrazdan, Marmarik an Aghveran.
Tsaghkadzor toun-resort is locatit anerlie 10 km north o Hrazdan.
Gallery[eedit | eedit soorce]
See an aa[eedit | eedit soorce]
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Hrazdan at GEOnet Names Server
- Report of the results of the 2001 Armenian Census, Naitional Statistical Service o the Republic o Armenie
Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]
|Wikimedia Commons haes media relatit tae Hrazdan.|