Auld Luice

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Auld Luice
Old Luce is located in Dumfries and Galloway
Old Luce
Old Luce
Location within Dumfries an Gallowa
Cooncil area
Lieutenancy area
Sovereign stateUnitit Kinrick
EU PairlamentScotland
UK Pairlament
Scots Pairlament
Leet o places
54°52′41″N 4°48′40″W / 54.878°N 4.811°W / 54.878; -4.811Coordinates: 54°52′41″N 4°48′40″W / 54.878°N 4.811°W / 54.878; -4.811

Auld Luice (English: Old Luce) is a ceevil pairish in the historical coonty o Wigtounshire in Dumfries an Gallowa, Scotland. The pairish is aboot 10 mile lang and 8 mile wide, an conteens 40,350 acre.[1]

It wis in auncient times named Glenluice that wis dividen intae twa pairshes, the northren ane name't New Luice, an the soothren ane name't Auld Luice.[2] [3] In 1661 the twa pairishes o Auld an New Luice wis reunitit for a time, an whan the 1684 Wigtounshire Pairish Leet wis recordit, it leetit baith Auld Luice an New Luice unner "Glenluice Pairish".[4] In 1688, efter the Glorious Revolution, the separation o Auld Luice an New Luice becam permanent. Auld Luice haes a community cooncil.[5]

Veelages an places in Auld Luice[eedit | eedit soorce]

The toun o Glenluice an Glenluice Kirk is in Auld Luice Pairish, as is Glenluice Aibey. In 1846 the Topographical Dictionary o Scotland, Samuel Lewis wrate that the veelage o Glenluice wis situatit on the road leadin fae Newtoun Stewart tae Stranrawer. "The church, erected in 1814, is a commodious edifice, and situated close to the village. The members of the United Secession Church have a place of worship. There are several other schools, and one is supported by the Hay family."[6]

Dunragit (Scots Gaelic: Dùn Reicheit) is a veelage on the A75 road atween Stranrawer an Glenluice in Auld Luice. The place name haes been said tae derive fae Din Rheged meanin "Fort o Rheged". This wad refer til the Brythonic Daurk Ages Kinrick o Rheged that seems tae hae existit somewhaur in this aurie o the Mairch atween England an Scotland atween the 5t an 8t centurys. It is possible that this wis ane o the ryal sites uised bi the kings o Rheged an it his been suggestit as the site o the unidentified Northren Ryal Coort Penrhyn Rhionedd, recordit in the Welsh Triads. Thare is a possible Roman cremation seemetry an twa castle mottes in the veelage. The ex-King o Dublin an Man, Echmarcach mac Ragnaill, haed the title Rex Innarenn ("Keeng o the Rhins") attributit tae him on his deith in 1065. The wastren airts o Gallowa haed been firm in line wi the Isle o Man, an Norse an Gaelic-Norse dounset names fae the 10t an 11t centurys is spreid aw alang the coastal launds o soothwast Scotland. Glenwhan Gairden haed been creatit in Dunragit syne 1979, and is nouadays appen til the public.

Carscreugh Castle (o the Yerl o Stair in 1782) wis the hame o Janet Dalrymple, that Sir Walter Scott steidit his heroine Lucy, the Bride of Lammermoor (that becam Lucia di Lammermoor in Gaetano Donizetti's opera o the same name) on. Janet fell in luve wi an in saicret haund-festit til a sillerless local man, Archibald Rutherford. Her paurents bitter cried again this romance an gart her tae renunce her vou an gart her tae mairy anither man fae a walthie local faimily, Sir David Dunbar o Baldoon Castle near Wigtoun. Houiver something dreidfu happent on her waddin nicht that endit in her deith an the woundin o her guidman, that ever efterwart refuised tae lat ken tae onybody whait hid occurt that nicht.

Archaeology[eedit | eedit soorce]

Fae Glenluice Saunds there hae been rekivert "mair objects o antiquity nor fae ony aurie o similar extent in Scotland". The relicts range fae neolithic tae medieval times.[7][8]

St John's Chaipel at The Knock o Luice wis at ae time a chaipel o St John. The tenant, Mr Wilson, telt Rev. George Wilson o Glenluice that he remuived three perqueer streetit fluirs, the tane abuin the tither. This shawed a lang occupation.[9]

Forts an brochs[eedit | eedit soorce]

Rev. George Wilson o Glenluice, in his Archaeological and Historical Collections relating to Ayrshire and Galloway, tells that Wigtounshire conteens aboot saxty forts; 15 in Mochrum, 4 in Glasserton, 10 in Whithorn, an several mair in the ither pairishes not name't in his leet. He leets the follaein forts in Auld Luice:[10][11]

  1. Three at Glenhinnie or Glenhinney bothy circles, Dunragit Muir[12]
  1. Twa at Glenwhan, Dunragit
  1. Twa in a wuid cried Baraigle near Dunragit
  1. Round Dounan, Dunragit Hoose, north Dunragit veelage[13] A stane built 5t-6t century fort o Rheged on a naitural hillock o ootcroppin rock, 12-14 fit heich wi an 18 fit terrace on the wast side
  1. Twa on Craig, ilk wi a bothy circle (Mebbe Auld Haw o Craig at Airyhemming)
  1. Three forts at Airyhemming, ane wi a cup-shape't fluir at ae end[14]
  1. Stairhaven broch[15]
  1. A fort a quarter-mile sooth o the pier shawn on the OS map as a cairn[16]
  1. Near Law Sunnonness fort cried Garliachen[17]
  1. Ring on Mull o Sunonness (mebbe Garliachen)
  1. On Barhaskine at the Carlinwark[18]
  1. Fortified toun on Knock Hill. The Knock, Auld Luice, or Knock o Luice or Knock Fell fort.[19] This auncient fortified veelage staunds on the heichest hill in Auld Luice an micht hae been built bi the makkers o the vast loch dwallins in Machermore Loch aboot twa mile til the wast. Thare wis hints o 6 or 7 bothy circles alang the line o fortification an ootby on a smaw flet space on the brent northren side thare wis a hauf-circle o aboot 20 fit across. Doun the wastren slope thare wis a boorach o smaw cairns, an a boorach o green bothy circles.[20]
  1. Ring on Barnsallzie Muir, Barnsallie Bothy Circle[21]
  1. Circular fort at Drumearnachan (at Barlea or Barfad, Kirkcowan), not on OS map, bit detailt on p. 56 vol.III[22]
  1. Mooth o the River Piltanton Corrylinn or Corachlinn
  1. Heich torrs cried Knockdoon

Droughdool Mote or Mund, sooth Dunragit veelage, has a steid 156 fit wide, is 30 fit heich, wi a level tap 40 fit wide.[23]

Dunragit henge atween the Mund an Dunragit veelage is ane o the maist important Stane Age sites in Scotland. It is a pit define't cursus moniment, datin fae Neolithic an Bronze age times. It wis first diskivert bi aerial photography in 1992. The Dunragit Excavations Project archaeological howkin haes appluised the remeens o three gey muckle concentric timmer circles; the ooter circle wis 984 fit wide, amwast sax times the size o Stonehenge. Built aroond 2500 BC(E), this gey muckle moniment wis a ceremonial centre an a meetin place for soothwast Scotlands early fermin communitys.[24][25]

Crannogs[eedit | eedit soorce]

Whitefield Loch his twa crannogs: Dormans Island crannog o 250 BC(E); an Tree Island crannog. The latter is noo on dry laund acause o the fawen watter level in the loch.[26] Whitefield is near Machermore, the auncient castle o the MacDowall Clan.

Gailerie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Leetit biggins in Auld Luice[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Glenluce, Ladyburn Masonic Temple, (Former Ladyburn Church), With Railings And Gates
  • Glenluce, 17 Main Street
  • Glenluce, 141 And 143 Main Street,Minn Cree And Woodbank, With Garden Walls
  • Glenluce, 62 And 64 Main Street, Fernlea And Roseneath
  • Glenluce, 72 Main Street
  • Grennan, Farmhouse, Steading, Sundial And Boundary Walls
  • North Milton, Farmhouse And Steading
  • Drochduil School And Schoolhouse
  • Dunragit, The Kennels
  • Glenluce, 7 Church Street, Kirkton
  • Glenluce, 35-39 (Odd Nos) Main Street
  • Glenluce, 53 Main Street, Kelvin House Hotel
  • Glenluce, 16 And 18 Main Street
  • Glenluce, 76 Main Street
  • Laigh Sinniness, Former Farmhouse And Steading
  • Glenluce, Ladyburn Manse
  • Glenluce, 61 Main Street
  • Glenluce, 161 And 163 Main Street, Beechgrove And Ravenswood, With Railings
  • Glenluce, 34 Main Street
  • Glenluce, 36 Main Street, Crown Hotel
  • Glenluce, 38 Main Street, Rowantree
  • Glenluce, Millbank And Cottage
  • Castle Of Park
  • Craigenveoch
  • Auchenmalg, Auchenbrae, With Boundary Walls
  • Bridge Of Park
  • Dunragit Home Farm, Sundial
  • Glenluce, 28A Main Street
  • Glenluce, War Memorial
  • Carscreugh Castle
  • Carscreugh Castle, Cottages
  • Culroy, Farm Building
  • Dunragit, East Lodge
  • Bridge, Lady Burn
  • Genoch Doocot
  • Glenluce, 31 Main Street, King's Arms Hotel
  • Glenluce, 47 Main Street, Ardville
  • Glenluce, 57 And 59 Main Street
  • Glenluce, 2 Main Street, With Railings
  • Glenluce, 20 Main Street
  • Glenluce, 30 Main Street, With Railings
  • Glenluce, 32 Main Street
  • Glenluce, 52 And 54 Main Street
  • Glenluce, 1A Sun Street
  • Abbey House With Boundary Walls
  • Gillespie, Farmhouse And Steading
  • Glenluce, 19 Main Street, Royal Bank Of Scotland
  • Glenluce, 22 Main Street, Public Hall
  • Glenluce, North Street, Bridge
  • Old Luce Church, Graveyard, Graveyard Walls, Gatepiers And Gates
  • Glenluce, Ladyburn Bridge
  • Glenluce, 43 And 45 Main Street
  • Glenluce, 12 Main Street
  • Stair Haven, Store
  • Dunragit, Signal Box
  • Auchenmalg, Castle Daly Hotel, (Former School And Schoolhouse), With Boundary Walls
  • Dunragit House
  • Glenluce, Church Street, Bridge
  • Glenluce, 55 Main Street
  • Glenluce, 165 Main Street, Navarre, With Railings
  • Glenluce, 24 Main Street, Otterburn
  • Piltanton Bridge

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  2. Caledonia Vol. III by George Chalmers, London, printed 1824., pp.441-442
  3. Robert Chambers, William Chambers, The gazetteer of Scotland, Vol. II, Edinburgh, 1844, p. 500 & p.749,
  5. Archived 2013-07-26 at the Wayback Machine
  6. A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland, by Samuel Lewis. 1846
  7. "Kirkcudbrightshire and Wigtownshire"
  8. Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine
  10. Archaeological and Historical Collections relating to Ayrshire and Galloway. vol. V, pp.62-73
  11. Archaeological and Historical Collections relating to Ayrshire and Galloway. vol. III, p.56
  12.[deid airtin]
  13. "Archived copy". Archived frae the original on 2 Apryle 2015. Retrieved 5 Apryle 2020.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14.[deid airtin]
  17.[deid airtin]
  18. The Carlinwark on Craignaget Fell[deid airtin]
  20. Antiquities of Glenluce. Rev. George Wilson. 1899
  21.[deid airtin]
  22. Archaeological and Historical Collections relating to Ayrshire and Galloway. vol.III, p.56
  24. Dunragit Cursus Excavations "Archived copy". Archived frae the original on 19 Mey 2014. Retrieved 3 September 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "Archived copy". Archived frae the original on 19 Mey 2014. Retrieved 5 Apryle 2020.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) Dunragit Cursus Excavations
  25. "Archived copy". Archived frae the original on 19 Mey 2014. Retrieved 3 September 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "Archived copy". Archived frae the original on 19 Mey 2014. Retrieved 5 Apryle 2020.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)