Arequipa

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Arequipa
Tap:View o Munt Chachani an Mirador de Sachaca aurie, 2nd left:The Reid Gate in Santa Catalina Monastery, 2nd richt:Arequipa Basilica Cathedral, 3rd left:Medica Touer in Jose Luis Bostamante aurie, 3rd richt:San Agustin Monumental Stadium, Bottom:Armas Square (Plazza del Armas)

Flag

Coat of arms
Nickname(s): La Ciudad Blanca (The White Ceety), The Roum o Americae
Motto: −
Coordinates: 16°23′55.76″S 71°32′12.78″W / 16.3988222°S 71.5368833°W / -16.3988222; -71.5368833
Kintra Peru
Region Arequipa
Province Arequipa
Established August 15, 1540
Government
 • Mayor Alfredo Zegarra Tejada
Area
 • City 9,862.02 km2 (3,807.75 sq mi)
 • Metro 2,923.53 km2 (1,128.78 sq mi)
Elevation 2,335 m (7,661 ft)
Population (2012)
 • City 978,009
 • Density 99/km2 (260/sq mi)
 • Metro 1,258,415
 • Demonym Arequipeño
Time zone PET (UTC−5)
Postal code 04000
Area code(s) 54
Website www.munarequipa.gob.pe

Arequipa (Spainyie pronunciation: [aɾeˈkipa]) is the caipital ceety o the Arequipa Region in soothren Peru. Wi a population o 904,931 it is the seicont maist populous ceety o the kintra. Arequipa lies in the Andes muntains, at an altitude o 2,335 meters (7,661 feet) abuin sea level; the umwhile snaw-capped volcano El Misti owerleuks the ceety.

The ceety haes mony colonial-era Spainyie biggins built o sillar, a pearly white volcanic rock, frae which it gets the nickname La Ciudad Blanca ("The White Ceety").[1] Reportedly, it first acquired this nickname in the colonial era, acause maist o its inhabitants wur Creole o Iberian descent. The historic centre o Arequipa wis named a UNESCO Warld Heritage Site in 2000, in recognition o its airchitecture an historic integrity.

Suin efter its foondin, the ceety became a major commercial hub o soothren Peru, accumulatin commercial an admeenistrative functions. In times o the Viceroyalty o Peru it wis an important economic hub in soothren Peru. It played a significant role in the history o the Republic o Peru, declarin itsel "Caipital o the Republic" durin the govrenment o Montero. Arequipa haes an aa been hame o mony o the ootstaundin intellectual an poleetical figures, as well as releegious icons, in the kintra. In recent decades it haes become an important industrial an commercial center in Peru, nou being the seicont maist industrialized ceety in Perú.

It haes several industrial pairks, as the ceety haes close trade ties wi Chile, Bolivie an Brazil; it an aa haes links wi ceeties connectit bi the Soothren Railway an wi the port o Matarani.

Name[eedit | eedit soorce]

There are various traditions aboot the name, said tae come frae the Quechua or Aymara leids. Ane tradition says that the Inca Mayta Capac received a petition frae his subjects tae reach the valley o the Chili. They requestit permission tae stay in the region, acause they wur amazed bi the bonnie scenery an mild climate. The Inca respondit, "Ari qhipay" (in Quechua: "Yes, stay"). This wis the etymology described bi a Calancha faither, which wis translatit bi J. Ignacio Gamio. It wis named efter a donkey.

Anither version wis that o the missionary Padre Blas Sailing an the 16t century Peruvian historian, Inca Garcilaso de la Vega. They said that the name came frae an auld dialect o Aymara. Ari qquepan (literally, way o war horn) wis named efter a marine snail which the Indians uised as a horn. In Scots the phrase means "trumpet soond".

Juan de la Cruz Salas y Sanchez an the historian Ernst Middendorf proposed an etymology that recognized the aurie wis settled bi fowk o heichland (Aymara) oreegin. They contend the name is derived frae Aymara, wi the phrase ari qhipaya; ari (acute, sharp or pointit) an qhipaya (ahint), meaning "ahint the bill," referrin tae the volcanic cone o El Misti, Arequipa, which dominates the skyline.

The Incas believed Cuzco tae be the center o the warld. They referred tae the aurie o Arequipa as the "land or place ahint the volcanoes", or ither location ahint the muntains, or ariq qipao.

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Chambers, Sarah C. From Subjects to Citizens: Honor, Gender, and Politics in Arequipa, Peru 1780–1854. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press. 1999.
  2. "Charlotte - Arequipa". 2004. Retrieved 9 April 2008. 
  3. Ayuntamiento de Guanajuato. "Ciudades hermanadas" (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 July 2009. 
  4. "Estudiantes de Universidad de San Agustín de Arequipa saludaron a alcaldesa". Municipioiquique.com. Retrieved 5 Apr. 2010. 
  5. "Microsoft Word - RESUMEN EJECUTIVO RELACIONES.doc" (PDF). Retrieved 5 Apr. 2010. 
  6. "Sister cities, Vancouver". Accci.com.au. 14 Nov. 2001. Retrieved 5 Apr. 2010. 
  7. "State of hawaii's Sister States/Cities". Hawaii Government. Retrieved 26 July 2009. 
  8. "Cultura > Città gemellater". Comune.biella.it. Retrieved 5 Apr. 2010. 
  9. "Avventure nel Mondo - Centro di Documentazione". Viaggiavventurenelmondo.it. 28 May 2007. Retrieved 5 Apr. 2010.