San Luis Potosí

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San Luis Potosí
Estado Libre y Soberano de San Luis Potosí
State

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State o San Luis Potosí athin Mexico
Coordinates: 22°36′12″N 100°25′47″W / 22.60333°N 100.42972°W / 22.60333; -100.42972
Kintra Mexico
Caipital San Luis Potosí
Lairgest Ceety San Luis Potosí
Municipalities 58
Admission December 22, 1823[1]
Order 6t
Government
 • Govrenor Fernando Toranzo PRI
 • Senators[2] José Alejandro Zapata PAN
Eugenio Govea Arcos CON
Carlos Jiménez Macías PRI
 • Deputies[3]
Area[4]
 • Total 60,983 km2 (23,546 sq mi)
  Ranked 15t
Highest elevation[5] 3,180 m (10,430 ft)
Population (2010)[6]
 • Total 2,585,518
 • Rank 19t
 • Density 42/km2 (110/sq mi)
 • Density rank 20t
Demonym Potosino (a)
Time zone CST (UTC−6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC−5)
Postal code 78-79
Aurie code
ISO 3166 code MX-SLP
HDI Increase 0.816 high Ranked 21st
GDP US$ 12,231,400.859 th[a]
Website Official Website
^ a. The state's GDP wis $156,561,931 thoosan o pesos in 2008,[6] amount correspondin ae $12,231,400.859 thoosan o dollars, being a dollar worth 12.80 pesos (value o 3 Juin 2010).[7]

San Luis Potosí (Spainyie pronunciation: [ˈsan ˈlwis potoˈsi]) offeecially Estado Libre y Soberano de San Luis Potosí (Template:Lang-sci) is ane o the 31 states which, wi the Federal Destrict, comprise the 32 Federal Entities o Mexico. It is dividit in 58 municipalities an its caipital ceety is San Luis Potosí.

It is locatit in North-Central Mexico. It is bordered bi the states o Coahuila tae the north, Nuevo León tae the northeast, Tamaulipas an Veracruz tae the east, Hidalgo, Querétaro, an Guanajuato tae the sooth, Zacatecas tae the northwast, an Jalisco tae the wast.

In addition tae the caipital ceety, the state's lairgest ceeties include Ciudad Valles, Matehuala, an Rioverde.

Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]

The state an its caipital are baith namit efter Louis IX o Fraunce (kent an aw in Mexico as San Luis Rey de Francia, Saint Louis, Keeng o Fraunce), its patron saunt. The Potosí wis addit in reference tae the fabulously rich mines o Potosí, Bolivie, Believit tae hae enough gowd tae build a bridge atween Bolivie an Spain, thereefter up on developin o Cerro de San Pedro near the caipital ceety, they foond such gowd wealth that they compared it tae that o Potosi an namit it efter. comparin the walth o these mines tae that o the local mines at Cerro de San Pedro.

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

The state lees maistly on the Mexican Plateau, wi the exception o the sootheastren corner o the state, where the tableland breaks doun intae the tropical valley o the Panuco River. The surface o the plateau is comparatively level, wi some law muntainous firthit ridges. The Sierra Madre Oriental runs north an sooth through the state, an separates the Mexican Plateau frae the Gulf Coastal Plain tae the east. The Sierra Madre Oriental is hame tae the Sierra Madre Oriental pine-oak forests. The Panuco River oreeginates on the Plateau, an flows eastward through a gap in the Sierra Madre tae drain intae the Gulf o Mexico. The eastmaist portion o the state lees on the Gulf Coastal Plain, an covered bi the Veracruz moist forests. Its shape resembles a Scottis Terrier.

The Panuco an its tributaries drain the soothren an sootheastren portion o the state. The northren an central portion o the state, includin the caipital, lee on an interior drainage basin which does no drain tae the sea.

The mean elevation is aboot 6,000 ft., ensurin a temperate climate. The state lees pairtly athin the arid zone o the north, while the soothren hauf receivin a mair leeberal rainfaw through the influence o the Nortes, which deliver significant amoonts o rain. The rainfaw, housomeivver, is uncertain at the wastren an northren regions, an hintle o the state is poorly providit wi rivers. The soil is fertile an in favorable saisons lairge crops o wheat, maize, beans an cotton are grown on the uplands. In the law tropical valleys, sugar, coffee, tobacco, peppers an fruit are staple products. Stockraisin is an important industry an hides, tallow an wool are exportit. Fine cabinet an construction firths are an aw exportit tae a limited extent. Potosi (in Bolivie) wis ´believit´ tae hae enough gowd tae build a brig atween Potosi an Spain, up on the fyndin o gowden mines in San Luis Potosi, it wis then compared tae Potosi province in Bolivie an therefore namit efter it.

At ane time San Luis Potosí ranked amang the leadin minin provinces o Mexico, but the revolts follaein unthirldom resultit in a great decline in that industry. The aurie aroond Real de Catorce haes some o the richest siller mines in the kintra. Ither well-kent siller minin destricts are Peñón Blanco, Ramos an Guadalcázar. The development o Guadalcazar dates frae 1620 an its ores yield gowd, copper, zinc an bismuth, as well as siller. In the Ramos destrict, the Cocinera lode wis said tae hae a total yield o ower $60,000,000 in the first decade o the 20t century.

Environmental Issues[eedit | eedit soorce]

Minin[eedit | eedit soorce]

Currently ane o the muntains, Wirikuta, athin the state's declared Naitional Sacred Steid is being purchased for siller minin bi a Canadian company, “First Majestic Silver Corp”.[8] The muntain is an important steid for the Huichol ceremonial migration, Peyote hunt, an deer dance. On 27 October 2000 UNESCO claimit this steid as a protectit aurie for its importance as a cultural route an endemic flora an fauna species. Later on 9 Juin 2001 it wis declared as a Naitional Sacred Steid unner the State o San Luis Potosi's Natural Protection act. Canadae's First Majestic Silver Corp still decidit tae purchase mineral richts on 13 November 2009 wi 80% o their interest athin the protectit land. The companies current methods includes open pit minin an lixivation through cyanide, uisin twa kilograms o NaCN per tonne o ore. While open pit minin itsel remuives entire habitats an landscapes, the addition o sodium cyanide, NaCN, is a lethal method requirin anerlie 0.2 grams tae kill a person.[8] In Aprile 2010 the company an aw opened a new cyanidation plant in Coahila, Mexico whaur it haes stairtit producin 3500 tons o cyanide a day tae help them expand their minin efforts.[9] Currently the Huicholes are tryin tae fynd ootside groups tae help them in the conservation o their land an cultur bi protectin this mountain.

Municipalities[eedit | eedit soorce]

The State o San Luis Potosí is dividit intae 58 municipalities (Spainyie: municipios), each heidit bi a municipal preses (mayor).

Major communities[eedit | eedit soorce]

Govrenors[eedit | eedit soorce]

The current govrenor is Fernando Toranzo (2009–2015) o the PRI pairty (Partido Revolucionario Institucional)

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Traditionally, the Real de Minas potosino haes driven the industrial ingines in the state o San Luis Potosí, an as such, nouadays basic metallurgy still haes the lairgest contribution athin the Gross Domestic Product o the entity. The main products extractit athort local mines are zinc, copper, lead, gowd, siller, mercury, manganese, an arsenic. Ither industries follaein the minin lead are in the sectors o chemicals, fuids, beverages, tobacco, an textiles.

The services sector, an aw kent as tertiary, is seicont regardin contribution tae the state's income wi a 21%, follaed bi commerce, hotels an restaurants wi 18%. These combined activities employ 51% o the economically active population or EAP.

Agricultur is a traditional activity, still practicit in the Huasteca region. Currently, even if it contributes vera little tae the state GDP, it nivertheless employs as hintle as 20% o the EAP o the entity. The main agricultural products grown on Potosí soil are maize, beans, barley, sugar cane, oranges, coffee, sour lemon, prickly pear, an mango. Livestock activities are focused on raisin sheep, cattle, an pigs.

General Motors nou haes a plant unner construction, San Luis Potosí Assembly, tae employ up tae 1800 an assembly up tae 160,000 vehicles per year.[10]

Cummins Inc. haes haed a manufacturin presence in San Luis Potosí syne 1980 an employs nearly 2000 fowk there.

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

The state o San Luis Potosí reports a population o a little mair than 2,400,000 inhabitants, accordin tae the latest census which teuk place in the year 2005. Population growth rate for the period 2000-2005 wis in fact less than 1%.

The state is inhabitit bi 60% residents unner 30 years o age, an reports a life expectancy rate similar tae the naitional average, that is, 72 years for men, an 77 years o age for weemen.

Regarding cultural an ethnic diversity, as hintle as 11% o the state population is indigenous, an the maist representative leid is that o the Nahuatl, follaed bi the Huasteco. The native peoples of the state are among the tallest in Mexico and include the Huastecs an Pame fowk. Due tae its severe levels o isolation, the state is ane o the nine entities in Mexico which report the heichest rates o migration intae the Unitit States.

Education[eedit | eedit soorce]

The average schuilin rate for those ower 15 years o age lees at 7.7 years o education, considerably lawer than the 8.1% foond naitionally, while illiteracy rates reach a heich 9.2%, in addition tae the facts that 28% o the same portion o those aulder than 15 never finished primary schuil, an that 4% o childer unner 14 years dae no attend schuil.

Institutions o heicher education include:

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ponciano Arriaga International Airport serves the ceety.

Notable natives an residents[eedit | eedit soorce]

Airts an sciences

Journalists

Politics

Sports

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Las Diputaciones Provinciales" (in Spanish). p. 15. 
  2. "Senadores por San Luis Potosí LXI Legislatura". Senado de la Republica. Retrieved April 6, 2011. 
  3. "Listado de Diputados por Grupo Parlamentario del Estado de San Luis Potosí". Camara de Diputados. Retrieved April 6, 2011. 
  4. "Resumen". Cuentame INEGI. Retrieved April 6, 2011. 
  5. "Relieve". Cuentame INEGI. Retrieved April 6, 2011. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Mexico en Cifras". INEGI. Retrieved April 6, 2011. 
  7. "Reporte: Jueves 3 de Junio del 2010. Cierre del peso mexicano.". www.pesomexicano.com.mx. Retrieved August 10, 2010. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 Salvemos Wirikuta -Tamatzimahuaha: Frente en Defensa de la Zona Wirikuta. http://salvemoswirikuta.blogspot.com/2010/08/huichol-route-through-sacred-sites-to.html
  9. Liezel Hill 8th April 2010, TORONTO. First Majestic reports commercial production at new cyanidation plant. Mining Weekly. http://www.miningweekly.com/article/first-majestic-reports-commercial-production-at-new-cyanidation-plant-2010-04-08.
  10. "GM to produce Aveo at new Mexican plant, Stephen Downer, Automotive News". 
  • Ricketts, Taylor H., Eric Dinerstein, David M. Olson, Colby J. Loucks, et al. (1999). Terrestrial Ecoregions of North America: a Conservation Assessment. Island Press, Washington, D.C..

 This airticle incorporates text fae a publication nou in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11t ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]