Sonora

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Sonora
Estado Libre y Soberano de Sonora
State

Flag

Seal
State o Sonora athin Mexico
Coordinates: 29°38′46″N 110°52′08″W / 29.64611°N 110.86889°W / 29.64611; -110.86889
Kintra Mexico
Caipital Hermosillo
Lairgest Ceety Hermosillo
Municipalities 72
Admission January 10, 1824[1]
Order 12t[a]
Government
 • Govrenor Guillermo Padrés PAN
 • Senators[2] Emma Lucía Larios Gaxiola PAN
Javier Castelo PAN
Alfonso Elías Serrano PRI
 • Deputies[3]
Area[4]
 • Total 179,503 km2 (69,306 sq mi)
  Ranked 2nt
Highest elevation[5] 2,620 m (8,600 ft)
Population (2010)[6]
 • Total 2,662,480
 • Rank 18t
 • Density 15/km2 (38/sq mi)
 • Density rank 27th
Demonym Sonorense
Time zone MST [7] (UTC−7)
Postal code 83–85
Aurie code
ISO 3166 code MX-SON
HDI Increase 0.858 High Ranked 5t
GDP US$ 16,416,142.57 th[b]
Website Official Website

^ a. Joined tae the federation unner the name o Estado de Occidente (Wastren State) an aw recognized as Sonora y Sinaloa.

^ b. The state's GDP wis $210,126,625 thoosan o pesos in 2008,[6] amount correspondin tae $16,416,142.57 thoosan o dollars, being a dollar worth 12.80 pesos (value o 3 Juin 2010).[8]

Sonora (Spainyie pronunciation: [soˈnoɾa]) offeecially Estado Libre y Soberano de Sonora (Scots: Free an Sovereign State o Sonora) is ane o the 31 states which, wi the Federal Destrict, comprise the 32 Federal Entities o Mexico. It is dividit intae 72 municipalities; the caipital ceety is Hermosillo. Sonora is locatit in Northwast Mexico, bordered bi the states o Chihuahua tae the east, Baja California tae the northwast an Sinaloa tae the sooth. Tae the north, it shares the U.S.–Mexico border wi the states o Arizona an New Mexico, an on the wast haes a significant share o the coastline o the Gulf o Californie.

Sonora's natural geography is dividit intae three pairts: the Sierra Madre Occidental in the east o the state; plains an rollin hills in the center; an the coast on the Gulf o Californie. It is primarily arid or semi-arid deserts an grasslands, wi anerlie the heichest elevations haein sufficient rainfaw tae support ither types o vegetation.

Sonora is hame tae aicht indigenous fowks, includin the Mayo, the Yaqui an the Seri. It haes been economically important for its agricultur, livestock (especially beef) an minin syne the colonial period, an for its status as a border state syne the Mexican–American War. Efter the Gadsden Purchase, Sorona lost mair than a quairter o its territory.[9] Frae the 20t century tae the present, industry, tourism an agribusiness hae dominatit the economy, attractin migration frae ither pairts o Mexico.

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Las Diputaciones Provinciales" (in Spanish). p. 15. 
  2. "Senadores por Sonora LXI Legislatura". Senado de la Republica. Retrieved October 21, 2010. 
  3. "Listado de Diputados por Grupo Parlamentario del Estado de Sonora". Camara de Diputados. Retrieved October 20, 2010. 
  4. "Resumen". Cuentame INEGI. Retrieved October 20, 2010. 
  5. "Relieve". Cuentame INEGI. Retrieved October 20, 2010. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Mexico en Cifras". INEGI. Retrieved April 6, 2011. 
  7. Miriam de Regil. Inicia el domingo el Horario de Verano. El Financiero, Viernes, 31 de marzo de 2006.
  8. "Reporte: Jueves 3 de Junio del 2010. Cierre del peso mexicano.". www.pesomexicano.com.mx. Retrieved August 10, 2010. 
  9. "Sonora, Navojoa". Modulo de Planeacion Estrategica. Archived from the original on May 16, 2011. Retrieved April 7, 2010. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

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