Hidalgo (state)

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Hidalgo
State
Estado Libre y Soberano de Hidalgo

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State o Hidalgo athin Mexico
Coordinates: 20°28′42″N 98°51′49″W / 20.47833°N 98.86361°W / 20.47833; -98.86361
Kintra Mexico
Caipital Pachuca de Soto
Lairgest Ceety Pachuca de Soto
Municipalities 84
Admission 16 Januar 1869[1]
Order 26t
Government
 • Govrenor Francisco Olvera (PRI Party (Mexico).svg)
 • Senators[2] Jesús Murillo Karam PRI
José Guadarrama PRD
Francisco X. Berganza
 • Deputies[3]
Area[4]
 • Total 20,846 km2 (8,049 sq mi)
  Ranked 26t
Highest elevation[5] 3,350 m (10,990 ft)
Population (2010)[6]
 • Total 2,665,018
 • Rank 17t
 • Density 130/km2 (330/sq mi)
 • Density rank 8t
Demonym Hidalguense
Time zone CST (UTC−6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC−5)
Postal code 42-43
Aurie code
ISO 3166 code MX-HGO
HDI Increase 0.796 Medium Ranked 27t
GDP US$ 9,987,649.06 mil[a]
Website Official Web Site
^ a. The state's GDP wis 127,841,908 million o pesos in 2008,[7] amoont correspondin tae 9,987,649.06 millon o dollars, being a dollar worth 12.80 pesos (value o 3 Juin 2010).[8]

Hidalgo (Spainyie pronunciation: [iˈðalɣo]), offeecially Free an sovereign State o Hidalgo (Spainyie: Estado Libre y Soberano de Hidalgo), is ane o the 31 states which, wi the Federal Destrict, comprise the 32 Federal Entities o Mexico. It is dividit in 84 municipalities an its caipital ceety is Pachuca de Soto.

In 1869, Benito Juárez creatit the State o Hidalgo. He appointit as caipital o the state the ceety o Pachuca to which was addit the name "de Soto" in recognition o Manuel Fernando Soto, who is considered the maist important drivin force in creatin the state.[9] The state wis namit efter Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, the initiator o the Mexican War o Unthirldom.

It is locatit in Eastren Mexico.[10] Hidalgo is bordered bi San Luis Potosí an Veracruz on the north, Puebla on the east, Tlaxcala an México on the sooth an Querétaro on the wast.[11]

The state haes a number o relatively intact native culturs such as the Otomi. There are twa notable immigrant culturs an aw, those o the descendents o Cornish miners in the 19t century[12] an a sma Jewish enclave which claims tae be descendit frae Sephardi Jews which came tae New Spain in the 16t century.[13]

The state contains a number o ecotourism, cultural an aircheological attractions includin the Huasteca aurie, the ruins o Tula, natural hot watter springs, auld haciendas an muntain ranges.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Creación del Estado de Hidalgo, por inseguridad" (in Spanish). 
  2. "Senadores por Hidalgo LXI Legislatura". Senado de la Republica. Retrieved March 24, 2010. 
  3. "Listado de Diputados por Grupo Parlamentario del Estado de Hidalgo". Camara de Diputados. Retrieved March 24, 2010. 
  4. "Resumen". Cuentame INEGI. Retrieved March 24, 2011. 
  5. "Relieve". Cuentame INEGI. Retrieved March 24, 2011. 
  6. "Mexico en Cifras". INEGI. Retrieved March 24, 2011. 
  7. "Hidalgo.". 2010. Retrieved March 24, 2011. 
  8. "Reporte: Jueves 3 de Junio del 2010. Cierre del peso mexicano.". www.pesomexicano.com.mx. Retrieved August 10, 2010. 
  9. "El Bicentenario será festejado con una biografía de Pachuca". Milenio Hidalgo. December 7, 2009. Retrieved May 21, 2010. 
  10. "S&P Rates State of Hidalgo, Mexico 'mxA-". PR Newswure (New York). December 14, 2000. p. 1. 
  11. "Información Geográfica Hidalgo". Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía. Retrieved July 22, 2010. 
  12. Seijas, Susana. "Hidalgo's British bounty Inside Mexico". Retrieved 2009-10-08. 
  13. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named mystery

Bibliography[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Jimenez Gonzalez, Victor Manuel, ed. (2010). Hidalgo: Guía para descubrir los encantos del estado [Hidalgo: Guide to discover the charms of the state] (in Spanish). Mexico City: Editorial Océano de Mexico SA de CV. ISBN 978-607-400-319-2. 

External links[eedit | eedit soorce]