Plovdiv

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Plovdiv
Пловдив (Bulgarie)
The ancient Roman theatre in Plovdiv

Flag

Coat of arms
Nickname(s): The ceety o the seiven hills
Градът на седемте хълма (Bulgarie)
Gradat na sedemte halma (transliteration)
Motto: Auncient an eternal
Древен и вечен (Bulgarie)
Dreven i vechen (transliteration)
Plovdiv is located in Bulgaria
Plovdiv
Plovdiv
Location o Plovdiv in Bulgarie
Coordinates: 42°9′N 24°45′E / 42.150°N 24.750°E / 42.150; 24.750
Kintra  Bulgarie
Province Plovdiv
Municipalities Plovdiv-ceety
Established 4000 BC
Government
 • Mayor Ivan Totev (GERB)
Area
 • Total 101.98 km2 (39.37 sq mi)
Elevation 164 m (538 ft)
Population (2011 census[1])
 • Density 3,316/km2 (8,590/sq mi)
 • City 338,153
 • Municipal body 403,153
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 4000
Area code(s) (+359) 032
Website www.plovdiv.bg

Plovdiv (Bulgarie: Пловдив) is the seicont-lairgest ceety in Bulgarie wi a population o 381,738.[2] Plovdiv's history spans some 6,000 years, wi traces o a Neolithic settlement datin tae roughly 4000 BC.[3] It is the admeenistrative centre o Plovdiv Province in soothren Bulgarie an three municipalities (Plovdiv, Maritsa an Rodopi) an Bulgarie's Yuzhen tsentralen plannin region (NUTS II), as well as the lairgest an maist important ceety in Northren Thrace an the braider internaitional historical region o Thrace. The ceety is an important economic, transport, cultural an eddicational centre.[4]

Kent in the Wast for maist o its history bi the Greek name Philippopolis, it wis oreeginally a Thracian settlement afore becomin a major Roman ceety. In the Middle Ages, it retained its strategic regional importance, chyngin haunds atween the Byzantine an Bulgarian Empires. It came unner Ottoman rule in the 14t century. In 1878, Plovdiv wis made the caipital o the autonomous Ottoman region o Eastren Rumelie; in 1885, it became pairt o Bulgarie wi the unification o that region an the Principality o Bulgarie.

Plovdiv is situatit in the soothren pairt o the Plovdiv Plain on the twa banks o the Maritsa River. The ceety haes historically developed on seiven syenite hills, some o whilk are 250 m (820.21 ft) heich. Acause o these seiven hills, Plovdiv is aften referred tae in Bulgarie as "the Ceety o the Seiven Hills".

Plovdiv is host tae economic an cultural events sicna the International Fair Plovdiv, the internaitional theatrical festival "A stage on a crossroad", the TV festival "The golden chest". There are mony remains preserved frae Antiquity sicna the Auncient amphitheatre, Roman odeon, Roman Stadium, the airchaeological complex Eirene an ithers.

Name[eedit | eedit soorce]

Plovdiv wis gien various names throughoot its lang history. It was oreeginally a Thracian settlement bi the name o Eumolpias. Philip II o Macedon conquered the aurie in 342-341 BC an renamed the ceety Philippoupolis (Greek: Φιλιππούπολις), o whilk the later Thracian name for the ceety, Pulpudeva, is a translation. Efter the Romans teuk control o the aurie, the ceety wis named Laitin: Trimontium, meanin the Three Hills. Durin the Middle Ages the ceety wis kent as Philippoupolis in Byzantine Greek an Paldin (Пълдин) or Plavdiv (Плъвдив) in Auld Bulgarie, variations o the toun's earlier Thracian name. The ceety wis kent as Philippopolis in Wastren Europe well intae the early 20t century. The ceety wis kent as Filibe in Turkis durin the Ottoman Empire.

The asteroid (minor planet) 3860 Plovdiv is named efter the ceety. It wis discovered bi the Bulgarian astronomer Violeta G. Ivanova on 8 August 1986. Plovdiv Peak (1,040 m/3,412 ft) on Livingston Island in the Sooth Shetland Islands, Antarctica is an aa named efter Plovdiv.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns – Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Plovdiv is twinned wi the follaein ceeties:[5][6]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named census
  2. "General Directorate of Citizens' Registration and Administrative Services: Population Chart by permanent and temporary address (for provinces and municipalities) as of 15 September 2010, (Bulgarie). Retrieved on 17 September 2010". Retrieved 7 January 2011. 
  3. Rodwell, Dennis (2007). Conservation and Sustainability in Historic cities. Blackwell Publishing. p. 19. ISBN 1405126566. 
  4. Evgeni Dinchev ... et al. (2002). Пътеводител България (in Bulgarie). Sofia: ТАНГРА ТанНакРа ИК. p. 138. ISBN 954-9942-32-5. 
  5. Plovdiv Sister cities
  6. Plovdiv Twinning
  7. "Partnership towns of the City of Košice" (in Slovak). 2007-2009 City of Košice Magistrát mesta Košice, Tr. SNP 48/A, 040 11 Košice. Retrieved 12 July 2009. 
  8. "Twinning Cities". City of Thessaloniki. Retrieved 7 July 2009.