Jeddah

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Jeddah
جدّة Jidda
Ceety
Jeddah Skyline

Flag

Coat of arms
Nickname(s): The Bride o the Red Sea
Jeddah is located in Saudi Arabia
Jeddah
Jeddah
Location in the Kinrick o Saudi Arabie
Coordinates: 21°32′36″N 39°10′22″E / 21.54333°N 39.17278°E / 21.54333; 39.17278
Kintra Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg Saudi Arabie
Province Makkah (Mecca)
Established Frae the 6t century BC
Jyned Saudi Arabie 1925
Government
 • Ceety Mayor Hani Abu Ras[1]
 • Ceety Govrenor Mish'al Al-Saud
 • Provincial Govrenor Khalid al Faisal
Area
 • Urban 1,686 km2 (651 sq mi)
 • Metro 3,000 km2 (1,000 sq mi)
Elevation 12 m (39 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Ceety 5,112,018
 • Density 2,921/km2 (1,826/sq mi)
 • Urban 3,855,912
 • Metro 5,318,636
  Jeddah Ceety estimate
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)
 • Summer (DST) EAT (UTC+3)
Postal Code (5 digits)
Area code(s) +966-2
Website Jeddah Municipality

Jeddah (sometimes spelled Jiddah or Jedda ; Inglis pronunciation: /ˈɛdə/; Arabic: جدةJiddah or Jaddah, IPA: [ˈdʒɪddæ, ˈdʒæddæ]) is a Saudi Arabian ceety locatit on the coast o the Red Sea an is the major urban center o wastren Saudi Arabie. It is the lairgest ceety in Makkah Province, the lairgest sea port on the Red Sea, an the seicont lairgest ceety in Saudi Arabie efter the caipital ceety, Riyadh. The population o the ceety currently stands at ower 3.4 million. It is an important commercial hub in Saudi Arabie.

Jeddah is the principal gateway tae Mecca, Islam's holiest ceety, which able-bodied Muslims are required tae visit at least ance in their lifetime. It is an aa a gateway tae Medina, the seicont holiest place in Islam.

Jeddah is the maist cosmopolitan an tolerant o aw Saudi Arabian cities, hostin expatriates frae aw ower the warld who hae made Jeddah their home. Economically, Jeddah is focussin on further developin caipital investment in scientific an ingineerin leadership athin Saudi Arabie, an the Middle East.[2] Jeddah wis independently ranked 4t in the Africae / Mid-East region in terms o innovation in 2009 in the Innovation Ceeties Index.[3]

Regionally, Jeddah is a primary resort ceety o the kintra. Jeddah wis named a seicont-tier beta warld ceety, accordin tae Globalization and World Cities Study Group and Network (GaWC).

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Jeddah haes 23 sister ceeties (kent as "twin touns" forby):

Gallery[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]