Petra

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Petra
Al Khazneh or The Treasury at Petra
Al Khazneh or The Treasury at Petra
Location: Ma'an Govrenorate, Jordan
Coordinates: 30°19′43″N 35°26′31″E / 30.32861°N 35.44194°E / 30.32861; 35.44194Coordinates: 30°19′43″N 35°26′31″E / 30.32861°N 35.44194°E / 30.32861; 35.44194
Elevation: 810 m (2,657 ft)
Settled 7000 BC[1]
Built: 1200 BC[1]
Visitation: 580,000 (in 2007)
Govrenin body: Petra Region Authority
Type: Cultural
Criteria: i, iii, iv
Designatit: 1985 (9t session)
Reference #: 326
State Pairty: Jordan
Region: Arab States
Wabsteid: www.visitpetra.jo
Petra is located in Jordan
Petra
Location of Petra in Jordan

Petra (Greek "πέτρα" (petra), meanin stane; Arabic: البتراء, Al-Batrāʾ) is a historical an airchaeological ceety in the Jordanian govrenorate o Ma'an that is famous for its rock cut airchitectur an watter conduit seestem. Established sometime aroond the 6t century BC as the caipital ceety o the Nabataeans,[2] it is a seebol o Jordan as well as its maist visitit tourist attraction.[2] It lees on the slope o Munt Hor[3] in a basin amang the muntains which form the eastren flank o Arabah (Wadi Araba), the lairge valley runnin frae the Deid Sea tae the Gulf o Aqaba. Petra haes been a UNESCO World Heritage Steid syne 1985.

The steid remained unkent tae the Wastren warld till 1812, when it wis introducit bi Swiss splorer Johann Ludwig Burckhardt. It wis describit as "a rose-red ceety hauf as auld as time" in a Newdigate Prize-winnin poem bi John William Burgon. UNESCO haes describit it as "ane o the maist precious cultural properties o man's cultural heritage".[4] Petra wis chosen bi the BBC as ane o "the 40 places you hae tae see afore you dee".[5]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Business Optimization Consultants B.O.C. "Petra". Kinghussein.gov.jo. Retrieved 2011-12-05. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Major Attractions: Petra, Jordan tourism board
  3. Mish, Frederick C., Editor in Chief. “Petra.” Webster’s Ninth New Collegiate Dictionary. 9th ed. Springfield, Massachusetts: Merriam-Webster Inc., 1985. ISBN 0-87779-508-8.
  4. "UNESCO advisory body evaluation" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-12-05. 
  5. Davey, Steve. "Unforgettable Places To See Before You Die", BBC, 12 December 2003.

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