Niğde Province

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Niğde Province
Niğde ili
Province o Turkey
Location o Niğde Province in Turkey
Kintra Turkey
Region Central Anatolie
Caipital Niğde
Area
 • Total 14.294 km2 (5.519 sq mi)
Population (2010-12-31)[1]
 • Total 337,931
 • Density 24,000/km2 (61,000/sq mi)
Area code(s) 0388
Vehicle registration 51
Website niğde.gov.tr

Niğde Province (Turkis: Niğde ili‎) is a sma rural province in the soothren pairt o Central Anatolie, Turkey. Population is 337.931 (2010 est) o which 100.418 live in the ceety o Niğde. The population wis 348,081 in 2000 an 305.861 in 1990. It covers an aurie o 7,312 km². Neebourin provinces are Kayseri, Adana, Mersin, Konya, Aksaray an Nevşehir.

The province is surroondit on three sides bi ranges o the Taurus Muntains, includin Munt Hasan an the Melendiz muntains. Tae the wast lees the plain o Emen, which opens up intae the wide plain o Konya. The plain is covered wi nutritious volcanic soil an Niğde is a successful agricultural region, pairticularly apples an potatoes.

Surroondit bi muntains an at a fairly heich altitude the aurie haes a dry an chilly climate an is exposed tae snaws brocht bi cauld north winds in winter. Average rainfaw 0.9 mm, 78.5 mm in Aprile, practically zero in Julie an August. Therefore the hillsides are mair or less bare o vegetation, wi some forest at the heicher altitudes.

(see Niğde for mair information aboot the provincial caipital ceety).

Destricts[eedit | eedit soorce]

Niğde province is dividit intae 6 destricts (caipital destrict in bauld):

Some o the towns athin these destricts are Bademdere, Bahçeli, Çiftehan, Darboğaz, Fertek an Kemerhisar.

Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kent in antiquity as Nakita or Nahita the namit haes mutatit through Nekidâ, Nekide an Nikde tae the day's Niğde.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

An auld photograph o Niğde ceety center

The aurie haes been settled syne the Neolithic period of 8000-5500 BC, as pruivit excavations o burial munds höyük in the destrict o Bor, an tin mines on the destrict o Çamardı-Keste. The aurie wis later settled bi the Hittites, who livit here for a thoosan years up till 800BC. The name Nig˘de first occurs in written sources in the form na-hi-ti-ia in a Luwian inscription o keeng Saruanis frae Andaval as wis pointit oot bi Gelb (Hittite Hieroglyphs II [1935] pp. 17–18). Then came Assiries an Phrygies, Greeks, Persies, Alexander the Great, Romans, who built the ceety o Tyana wi its palaces an watterwirks.

Roman rule persisted frae the Eastren caipital o Byzantium till the aurie wis occupee'd bi the Seljuk Turks frae 1166 onwards. Bi the early 13t century Niğde wis ane o the lairgest ceeties in Anatolie an a number o impressive mosques an tombs date frae this period. The aurie wis brocht athin the Ottoman Empire in 1471 and thus passed intae the territory o the Turkis Republic in the 1920s.

Niğde the day[eedit | eedit soorce]

A façade detail from Eskigümüş Monastery

Niğde benefits frae its rich agricultur, its apples are pairticlularly famous, an its location atween the walthy regions o Konya an Adana on the Mediterranean coast. An aw acause the province is near the tourist attractions o Cappadoccie it is close tae the airports o Kayseri an Nevşehir.

As well as apples important crops include potatoes, cabbages, grain an sugar beet. Niğde is Turkey's biggest potato growin region an haes the maist apple trees (although newer plantins in ither provinces are achievin greater production).

Meat an dairy are important activities alang wi beekeepin an mair recently trout ferms an aw.

Niğde haes a rich tradition o fowk cultur includin sang an dance an the famous proverb (the Turkis equivalent o "the early bird catches the worm") - "Bor's eastren mercat is ower, ride your donkey tae Niğde".[2] Anither Niğde tradition is tae plum someane (Erikletmek) meanin if you hae visitors sit them in the garden an fill them up wi plums (or ither fruit) so you daena have tae give them dinner.

Places o interest[eedit | eedit soorce]

A view frae Aladağlar in the province

The Aladağlar an Bolkar muntain ranges in the Taurus muntains are popular for winter sports, climbin an trekkin through the heich meadaes an muntain veelages. The muntains are pairticularly attractive when the hills are covered in spring flouers.

  • The Aladaglar muntains in pairticular are ane o the maist popular climbin venues in Turkey. Although the Aladaglar muntains border on an are namit efter the destrict o Aladağ, in Adana Province, they are generally reached frae the veelages o Demirkazık an Çukurbağ in Çamardı.
  • The Bolkar muntains hae a 7 km ski-run an a crater lake.

Niğde is pairt o Cappadoccie an does attract some tourists tae its historical steids, although nothin like as mony as the centre o the aurie in Nevşehir. Steids o historical importance in Niğde include a lairge number o kirks, mosques an unnergrund ceeties (safe-havens cut deep doun intae the soft volcanic rock). Anither important steid is the auncient ceety o Tyana an a number o Roman watterwas in the destrict o Bor.

Niğde haes a number o mineral hot-springs an ither attractions, so wi a little investment in hotels an ither infrastructur the province coud attract mair tourists than at present.

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Turkish Statistical Institute, MS Excel document – Population of province/district centers and towns/villages and population growth rate by provinces
  2. Geçti Bor'un pazarı sür eşeğini Niğde'ye

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]