Hatay Province

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Hatay Province
Hatay ili
Province o Turkey
Location o Hatay Province in Turkey
Kintra Turkey
Region Mediterranean
Caipital Antakya
Lairgest Ceety İskenderun
Area
 • Total 5,403 km2 (2,086 sq mi)
Population (2010-12-31)[1]
 • Total 1,480,571
 • Density 270/km2 (710/sq mi)
Area code(s) 0326
Vehicle registration 31
Website hatay.gov.tr

Hatay Province (Turkis: Hatay ili ‎, pronounced [ˈhataj]) is the soothmaist province o Turkey, on the Mediterranean coast. It is bordered bi the Sirie govrenorate o Latakia tae the sooth an east an the Turkis provinces o Adana an Osmaniye tae the north. The province is pairt o Çukurova, a geographical, economical an cultural region that covers the provinces o Mersin, Adana, Osmaniye, an Hatay. The admeenistrative caipital is Antakya (Antioch), while the lairgest ceety in the province is the port ceety o İskenderun (Alexandretta). There are border crossin points wi Sirie in the destrict o Yayladağı an at Cilvegözü in the destrict o Reyhanlı.

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

Baghras in Hatay

46% o the land is muntain, 33% plain an 20% plateau an hillside. The maist prominent feature is the north-sooth leadin Nur Muntains an the heichest peak is Mığırtepe (2240m), ither peaks include Ziyaret dağı an Keldağ (Jebel Akra or Casius) at 1739 m. The folds o land that mak up the landscape o the province wur formed as the land masses o Arabian-Nubian Shield an Anatolie hae pushed intae each ither, meetin here in Hatay, a classic example o the Horst-graben formation. The Orontes River rises in the Bekaa Valley in Lebanon an runs through Sirie an Hatay, whaur it reserves the Karasu an the Afrin River. It flows intae the Mediterranean at its delta in Samandağ. There wis a lake in the plain o Amik but this wis drained in the 1970s, an the day Amik is nou the lairgest o the plains an an important agricultural center. The climate is typical o the Mediterranean, wi warm wet winters an hot, dry simmers. The muntain auries inland are drier than the coast. There are some mineral deposits, İskenderun is hame tae Turkey's lairgest iron an steel plant, an the destrict o Yayladağı produces a colourful marble cried Rose o Hatay.

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Hatay haes a Mediterranean climate which haes vera hot, lang an dry simmers wi ceul rainy winters.

Climate data for Hatay
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average heich °C (°F) 12.3
(54.1)
14.5
(58.1)
18.4
(65.1)
22.7
(72.9)
26.5
(79.7)
29.2
(84.6)
31.2
(88.2)
31.9
(89.4)
31.1
(88.0)
27.6
(81.7)
20.1
(68.2)
13.9
(57.0)
23.28
(73.91)
Average laich °C (°F) 4.5
(40.1)
5.5
(41.9)
8.5
(47.3)
12.2
(54.0)
16.3
(61.3)
20.8
(69.4)
23.8
(74.8)
24.5
(76.1)
21.1
(70.0)
15.4
(59.7)
9.2
(48.6)
5.9
(42.6)
13.98
(57.16)
Precipitation mm (inches) 182.8
(7.197)
164.1
(6.461)
141.9
(5.587)
102.7
(4.043)
92.9
(3.657)
20.4
(0.803)
24.8
(0.976)
5.9
(0.232)
42.1
(1.657)
77.5
(3.051)
115.2
(4.535)
173.7
(6.839)
1,144
(45.04)
Avg. rainy days 14.7 13.7 12.8 9.8 6.0 2.8 1.9 1.7 3.9 7.6 9.7 13.3 97.9
Mean monthly sunshine hours 102.3 123.2 186 225 294.5 330 356.5 337.9 291 220.1 147 99.2 2,712.7
Source: Devlet Meteoroloji İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü [2]

Destricts[eedit | eedit soorce]

Hatay province is dividit intae 12 destricts Altınözü, Antakya, Belen, Dörtyol, Erzin, Hassa, İskenderun, Kırıkhan, Kumlu, Reyhanlı, Samandağ an Yayladağı.

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Turkish Statistical Institute, MS Excel document – Population of province/district centers and towns/villages and population growth rate by provinces
  2. http://www.dmi.gov.tr/veridegerlendirme/il-ve-ilceler-istatistik.aspx?m=HATAY

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Turkis[eedit | eedit soorce]