Belen, Hatay

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Belen
Destrict
Location o Belen athin Turkey.
Kintra Banner o Turkey Turkey
Region Mediterranean
Province Hatay
Government
 • Mayor Cemil Yılmazlar (MHP)
 • Govrenor Mehmet Öz
Elevation 507 m (1,663 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Urban 21,936
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 31
Area code(s) (0)326
Licence plate 31
Website www.belen.gov.tr

Belen is a toun an destrict o Hatay Province in the Mediterranean region o sooth-central Turkey.

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

The destrict o Belen consists o a sma toun o the same name an the surroondin veelages in the forestit slopes o the Nur Muntains. The Belen Pass is the main route athort the muntains an joins the coastal ceety o İskenderun wi Antakya. The pass is a key route atween Anatolie an the Middle East. The Belen destrict is kent for its ceul clean air (especially when compared wi the heat o the Mediterranean coast belaw) an its muntain spring water.

The roadside restaurants in the pass hae lang been a stoppin place for travellers, servin the typical dishes o Hatay, an especially "Belen tava", meats freed in tomatoes, garlic, spices an peppers.

Belen itsel is a sma mercat toun wi a post office an ither basics. The fowk o Belen are conservative; the municipality is currently (2010) controlled bi the Turkis far-richt MHP, wi the ither seats held bi the AKP.[1]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kent in earlier times as "Maziku Bagras" an "Bab-ı İskenderun" the pass wis brought intae the Ottoman Empire in 1516 efter the battle o Mercidabık. The Ottomans postit a guard on the pass, the main route frae Sirie tae Anatolie, an gave the aurie the name "Belen". In 1535 follaein a visit bi Suleyman the Magnificent a wall wis built tae secur the pass alang wi a caravanserai, a mosque an a bathhoose, an wi these facilities Turkis families wur settled on the muntainside, pairtly actin as watchkeepers on the pass, alang wi the military garrison. This early Ottoman airchitectur is still in place.

The toun grew, acquirin the typical Ottoman mix o Muslim an non-Muslim traders an veelagers. the 16t century traveller Evliya Çelebi notit the harsh climate, the narrow streets an the forest on the steep hillsides. Belen wis key tae the defence o the Ottoman Empire durin the struggle against the breakaway Egyptian airmy in 1827. 13,000 lives were lost durin the Egyptian struggle tae take the pass, they eventually succeedit but durin their retreat frae Anatolie wur harriet bi bandits at Belen again.

Alang wi the rest o Hatay, Belen became pairt o Turkey in 1939.

Sources[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Meclis Üyeleri, Belen belediyesi

Coordinates: 36°29′34″N 36°11′36″E / 36.4927°N 36.1933°E / 36.4927; 36.1933

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