Kars Province

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Kars Province
Kars ili
Province o Turkey
Location o Kars Province in Turkey
Kintra Turkey
Region Eastren Anatolie
Caipital Kars
Area
 • Total 9,587 km2 (3,702 sq mi)
Population (2010-12-31)[1]
 • Total 301,766
 • Density 31/km2 (82/sq mi)
Area code(s) 0474
Vehicle registration 36
Website kars.gov.tr

Kars is a province o Turkey, locatit in the northeastren pairt o the kintra. It shares pairt o its border wi the Republic o Armenie.

The provinces o Ardahan an Iğdır wur till the 1990s pairt o Kars Province.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kars wis unner the control o the Ottoman Empire for centuries. For a brief period, frae 1878 till 1917, it wis controlled bi Roushie. Frae 1918 tae 1920 the province wis unner the admeenistration o the Democratic Republic o Armenie as the Vanand province (wi the ceety o Kars as its caipital). Its territory wis cedit tae Turkey bi the Soviet Union in the Treaty o Kars.

Destricts[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kars province is dividit intae 8 destricts (ilçe), each named efter the admeenistrative center o the destrict:

There are 383 veelages in Kars.

Kars nature, wildlife an ecotourism[eedit | eedit soorce]

The kirk o St. Gregory o the Abughamrents in Ani

Kars haes a walth o wildlife that is being documentit bi the Kars-Igdir Biodiversity Project run bi the KuzeyDoga Society.[2] The project haes recordit 321 o Turkey's 465 bird species in the region. At least 214 o these occur at Kuyucuk Lake,[3] that is the maist important wetland in the province. Sarikamis Forests in the sooth harbor wolves, broun bear, lynx an ither animals, an Aras (Araxes) River wetlands comprise a key stop-ower steid for mony migratin birds. Aras River Bird Research an Education Center at Yukari Ciyrikli veelage haes recordit 218 bird species at this single location alane.

Monuments[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kars contains numerous monuments, the maist notable being the ruined Armenian ceety o Ani an the 9t century Kirk o the Apostles.

In popular cultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kars wis an aa the settin for the popular novel Snow bi Orhan Pamuk. The Siege of Kars, 1855 is a beuk published bi The Stationery Office, 2000, an is an accoont o its defence an capitulation as reportit bi ane General Williams, ane o mony Breetish officers lent tae the Turkis airmy tae lead garrisons an train regiments in the war against Roushie.

Gallery[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Turkish Statistical Institute, MS Excel document – Population of province/district centers and towns/villages and population growth rate by provinces
  2. "KuzeyDoga Society"http://www.kuzeydoga.org
  3. "Kuyucuk Lake Project"http://www.kuyucuk.org

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]