Mersin Province

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Mersin in Turkey.svg

The Mersin Province (Turkis: Mersin ili ‎) is a province in soothren Turkey, on the Mediterranean coast atween Antalya an Adana. The provincial caipital is the ceety o Mersin an the ither major toun is Tarsus, birthplace o Saunt Paul. The province is pairt o Çukurova, a geographical, economical an cultural region, that covers the provinces o Mersin, Adana, Osmaniye an Hatay.

The umwhile name o the province wis İçel. In 2002, the province's name wis chyngit tae Mersin tae match the provincial caipital's name, as is the case for aw Turkis provinces except three. The province retained the license plate number o 33, İçel haein been the 33rd in the alphabetical order o Turkis province names, when there wur anerlie 67 provinces in Turkey.

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

LamosKalesi1.jpg

87% o the land aurie is muntain, leadin up tae the rocky heights o the central Taurus Muntains, the heichest peak is Medetsiz (3,584 m) in the Bolkar range, an there are a number o important passes ower tae central Anatolie. There are mony heich meadaes an sma plains atween 700 an 1500m.

The coastal strip haes mony lairge auries o flatland, formed frae soil brought doun bi rivers an streams runnin aff the muntains. This is fertile land, the lairgest aurie being the plain o Tarsus. The lairgest rivers are the Göksu an the Berdan (aka Tarsus, Cydnus o antiquity), but there are mony sma streams runnin intae lakes, reservoirs or the Mediterranean sea. Mersin haes 321 km o coastline, hintle o it sandy beach. The climate is typical o the Mediterranean; vera hot an vera humid in simmer, warm an wet in winter; the winter rains can be vera hivy an floodin is a problem in mony auries, but it niver snaws on the coast, although there is snaw in the heich muntain auries.

The ceety o Mersin is ane o Turkey's busiest: due tae the economic activity in this pairt o Turkey generatit bi the GAP Project Mersin is Turkey's biggest Mediterranean port, an nou haes an ile refinery an a free trade zone too; there are a number o factories alang the road atween Mersin an Adana, manufacturin glass, detergents, fertilisers an mony mair. Wi aw this activity a modren ceety haes grown wi a university an ither major amenities.

Aboot 50% o the population o the province is younger than 24 years o age. 68% wur born in Mersin. The literacy rate is 89%. Aboot 43% o the male population an aboot 27% o the female population graduatit frae middle schuil. Infant mortality is 0.48%. Urban population growth rate is 2.42%. Population density is 117.

Tourism[eedit | eedit soorce]

Mersin does no hae the huge volume o tourists enjoyed bi neighbourin Antalya or the Aegean coast, but Turkis fowk dae come tae this coast, especially nou that the hotels hae air-conditionin, an perhaps mair tae the muntain kintra ahint whaur there are healin mineral water springs. In simmer the hills are a popular retreat frae the heich humidity an extreme heat on the coast. Wast o Mersin includes bays, an little islands. Yacht tourin is a tourism income in these auries.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

See Mersin for a detailed history o the ceety.

In antiquity this coast wis pairt o Cilicie, namit for a Phoenicie or Assirie prince that haed settled here. Trade from Sirie an Mesopotamie ower the muntains tae central Anatolie passed through here, through the Cilicie Gates. The geographer Strabo, described the region as being dividit intae "Ruggit Cilicie" (Cilicia Trachea) an "Flat Cilicie" (Cilicia Pedias). The caipital o baith sections o Cilicie wis Tarsus an Mersin wis its seaport.

Destricts[eedit | eedit soorce]

Mersin province is dividit intae thirteen destricts fower o which are actually includit athin the municipality o Mersin ceety (shown in bauldface letters).

Population o the province[eedit | eedit soorce]

(In the table belaw, the fower intraceety municipalities are merged athin Mersin proper.)

Name o the destrict Population (ceety) Population (total, includin rural aurie)
Mersin 842 230 888 803
Anamur 34 227 62 702
Aydıncık 8 004 11 651
Bozyazı 15 615 26 295
Çamlıyayla 2 861 9 847
Erdemli 45 241 125 391
Gülnar 8 357 19 141
Mut 28 966 63 673
Silifke 51 684 113 404
Tarsus 233 436 308 681

Places o interest[eedit | eedit soorce]

Touns an ither geographic featurs[eedit | eedit soorce]

Touns[eedit | eedit soorce]

Airchaeological walth[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ither[eedit | eedit soorce]

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Incorporated within Greater Mersin
  2. Actually a village

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Coordinates: 36°40′43″N 33°48′19″E / 36.67861°N 33.80528°E / 36.67861; 33.80528