Tunceli Province

Frae Wikipedia
Lowp tae: navigation, rake
Tunceli Province
Tunceli ili
Province o Turkey
Location o Tunceli Province in Turkey
Kintra Turkey
Region Eastren Anatolie
Caipital Tunceli
Area
 • Total 7,774 km2 (3,002 sq mi)
Population (2010-12-31)[1]
 • Total 76,699
 • Density 9.9/km2 (26/sq mi)
Area code(s) 0428[2]
Vehicle registration 62
Website tunceli.gov.tr

The Tunceli Province (Kurdish: Parêzgeha Dêrsimê, Turkis: Tunceli ili ‎) is a province in the Eastren Anatolie Region o Turkey. The province wis namit Dersim Province (Dersim vilayeti , Dersim meanin 'siller door' in Zazaki an Kurmanci) an wis chyngit tae Tunceli Province on 4 Januar 1936.[3] wi the "Law on Admeenistration o the Tunceli Province" (Tunceli Vilayetinin İdaresi Hakkında Kanun), no. 2884 o 25 December 1935.[4][5][6] But some still caw the region bi this name. The caipital ceety is Tunceli. The name o the provincial caipital, Kalan, wis then offeecially chyngit tae match wi the province's name.

Its adjacent provinces are Erzincan tae the north an wast, Elazığ tae the sooth, an Bingöl tae the east. The province covers an aurie o 7,774 km2 (3,002 sq mi) an haes a population o 76,699. It haes the lawest population densitie o ony province in Turkey, juist 9.8 inhabitants/km². Tunceli is the anerlie Turkis province wi an Alevi majority.

Tunceli is kent for its auld biggins such as the Çelebi Ağa Mosque, Sağman Mosque, Elti Hatun Mosque an adjoinin Tomb an impressive natural scenery, especially in Munzur Valley Naitional Pairk, the lairgest naitional pairk o Turkey.

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

Tunceli is traversed bi the northeasterly line o equal latitude an langitude.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The history o the province stretches back tae antiquity. It has been mentioned as 'Daranalis' bi Ptolemy, an seeminly, it wis referred tae as 'Daranis' afoere him. Ane theory as tae the oreegin o the name associates wi the Persie Emperor Darius.

The aurie that wad become Tunceli province formit pairt o Urartu, Media, the Achaemenid Empire, an the Greater Armenie region o Sophene. Sophene wis later contestit bi the Roman an Parthian Empires an bi their respective successors, the Byzantine an Sassanid Empires. Arabs invadit in the 7t century, an Seljuq Turks in the 11t.[7]

As o the end o the 19t century, the region (cried "Dersim") wis includit in the Ottoman sancak (subprovince) o Hozat, dependin the ceety an the province o Mamuret-ül Aziz (Elazığ the day), wi the exception o the actual destrict o Pülümür, which dependit on the neebourin sancak o Erzincan, then a pairt o the Erzurum Province. This status continued through the first years o the Republic o Turkey, till 1936 when the name o the province ("Dersim") wis chyngit tae Tunceli, literally 'the land o bronze' in Turkis (tunç meanin 'bronze' an el (in this context) meanin 'land') efter the Dersim Rebellion. The center o the province haes been fixed in the toun o Kalan an the destrict o Pülümür haes been addit athin the bundaries o the new province.

Destricts[eedit | eedit soorce]

Tunceli province is dividit intae aicht destricts (caipital destrict in bauld):

Although a destinct province, Tunceli wis admeenistered frae Elazığ till 1947.

Ceeties an touns[eedit | eedit soorce]

Education[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ninety-aicht percent o Tunceli's population haes at least a primary schuil education, leadin tae ane o the heichest rates o literacy for a destrict athin Turkey. In 1979/1980 Tunceli haed the heichest number o students attendin universities as well as the top entry points till the anerlie heicher education schuil shut doun an convertit tae a militar base.

Tunceli University wis established on 22 Mey 2008.[8] It haes depairtments in internaitional relations, economics, environmental protection ingineerin, industrial ingineerin, electronic ingineerin, computer ingineerin an mechanical ingineerin.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Turkish Statistical Institute, MS Excel document – Population of province/district centers and towns/villages and population growth rate by provinces
  2. Area codes page of Turkish Telecom website (Turkis)
  3. Paul J. White, Primitive rebels or revolutionary modernizers?: the Kurdish national movement in Turkey, Zed Books, 2000, ISBN 978-1-85649-822-7, p. 80.
  4. New perspectives on Turkey, Issues 1-4, Simon's Rock of Bard College, 1999 p. 15.
  5. Victoria Arakelova, "The Zaza People as a New Ethno-Political Factor in the Region" - in – “Iran & the Caucasus: Research Papers from the Caucasian Centre for Iranian Studies, Yerevan”, vols.3-4, 1999-2000, pp. 197-408.
  6. G.S. Asatrian, N.Kh. Gevorgian. Zaza Miscellany: Notes on some Religious Customs and Institutions. – A Green Leaf: Papers in Honour of Prof. J. P. Asmussen (Acta Iranica - XII). Leiden, 1988, pp. 499-508
  7. Seyfi Cengiz Tarih (2005). History.
  8. Tunceli University Signs Protocol with 4 American Universities

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Coordinates: 39°12′53″N 39°28′17″E / 39.21472°N 39.47139°E / 39.21472; 39.47139