Lankaran

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Lənkəran
Lankaran

Seal
Lankaran is located in Azerbaijan
Lənkəran
Lənkəran
Coordinates: 38°45′13″N 48°51′04″E / 38.75361°N 48.85111°E / 38.75361; 48.85111
Kintra Banner o Azerbaijan Azerbaijan
Ceety Lankaran
Government
Area
 • Total 70 km2 (30 sq mi)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 83,300
Time zone AZT (UTC+4)
 • Summer (DST) AZT (UTC+5)

Lankaran (Azerbaijani: 'Lənkəran'; an aw, Länkäran, Lencoran, an Lenkoran’) is a ceety in Azerbaijan, on the coast o the Caspian Sea, near the soothren border wi Iran. It haes a population o 83,300 (2010 census). It is next tae, but independent o the Lankaran Rayon. The ceety forms a destinct first-order diveesion o Azerbaijan.

Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]

The auld form o the name was "Langarkanan" that in Persie means "the place o pullin up the anchor(s)" : "Langar" (Persian: لنگر, anchor) + "kan" (Persian: کن, tae pull) + "an"(Persian: آن, suffix o places). Housomeivver, some sources state that Lankaran is said tae come frae the Talish wirds for 'Cane hoose', which soonds as 'Lan Karan'.[2][3] Alternatively, frae Median *Lan(a)karan-, whaur *karan- means 'border, region, land' an Lan is probably a name o a Caspian tribe.[4]

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

There are sandy beaches near Lankaran. Thermal sulphide, chloride, sodium-calcium watters o Andjin (Upper an Lawer) mineral springs are situatit 12 km wast o the toun. An aw tae the wast are the ruins o Ballabur castle, near the veelage wi the same name.

The region haes a vast aurie o naitional pairks, whaur a variety o fauna an flora are preservit. Gizil-Agach State Reserve hosts ower 250 kynds o plants, 30 species o fish an mair than 220 kynds o birds. Lankaran is an aw kent for Parrotia persica, or ironwood. It is naturally grown in the region an coud be seen in Hirkan National Park. Local meeth haes it that it is the anerlie firth that sinks in water, hence the name (ironwood). Historically it haes been uised for heatin, syne it burns for a lang time an is no easily extinguished. The Persie leopard (Panthera pardus saxicolor) subspecies o the leopard, lives in the national park as well. In 1937, members o the Opilio lepidus species o harvestman were steidit in the aurie.[5]

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Lankaran haes a humid subtropical climate wi a maximum annual precipitation o 1,600 tae 1,800 mm, an is the heichest precipitation in Azerbaijan.

Climate data for Lenkaran
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average heich °C (°F) 7.2
(45.0)
7.2
(45.0)
11.0
(51.8)
17.5
(63.5)
22.5
(72.5)
27.2
(81.0)
30.4
(86.7)
29.5
(85.1)
25.9
(78.6)
19.9
(67.8)
14.1
(57.4)
10.1
(50.2)
18.54
(65.38)
Average laich °C (°F) 0.0
(32.0)
1.0
(33.8)
3.9
(39.0)
8.6
(47.5)
13.1
(55.6)
17.5
(63.5)
20.1
(68.2)
19.7
(67.5)
16.9
(62.4)
11.8
(53.2)
6.7
(44.1)
2.5
(36.5)
10.15
(50.27)
Precipitation mm (inches) 91
(3.58)
114
(4.49)
90
(3.54)
50
(1.97)
54
(2.13)
22
(0.87)
17
(0.67)
50
(1.97)
143
(5.63)
259
(10.2)
168
(6.61)
88
(3.46)
1,146
(45.12)
Avg. precipitation days 10 10 11 8 8 3 2 4 7 13 12 9 97
Source: World Meteorological Organisation (UN) [6]

Sports[eedit | eedit soorce]

Khazar Lankaran fans in Lankaran City Stadium.

The ceety haes ane professional fitbaa team competin in the top-flicht o Azerbaijani fitbaa - Khazar Lankaran, currently playin in the Azerbaijan Premier League.

15,000 capacity Lankaran City Stadium regularly hosts, apairt frae Azerbaijan Premier League gemmes, mony ither Lankaran-based teams an Azerbaijan naitional fitbaa team matches.

In 2012, the ceety wan tae host European Masters Weightlifting Championship.[7]

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

Lankaran is servit bi naitional an internaitional flichts through the Lankaran Internaitional Airport.

Connection wi ither ceeties an kintras[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Air: The Lankaran International Airport is well servit wi connections tae Turkis an internaitional destinations. Its new internaitional terminal wis opened in September 2008 an the airport is set on its way for becomin ane o the busiest hubs in Azerbaijan.[8]
  • Rail: The ceety haes rail service frae historic terminals in dountoun tae Baku in the east an Astara in the sooth.[9][10]

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns — Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Notable natives[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. World Gazetteer: Azerbaijan – World-Gazetteer.com
  2. lənkəran on ozaramizdi.org (Azerbaijani)
  3. Lənkəran haqqında tarixi coqrafi məlumat (Azerbaijani)
  4. А. Периханян (1982), Этимологические заметки // Историко-филологический журнал. Ереван. № 1, pp. 55-62
  5. Nataly Y. Snegovaya (2007). "Two New Harvestman Species from Lenkoran, Azerbaijan (Arachnida: Opiliones: Phalangiidae)". Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 14 (2): 88–92. 
  6. "World Weather Information Service – Lenkaran". United Nations. Retrieved 19 January 2011. 
  7. "Weightlifting Masters". Official Website of European Masters Weightlifting 2012. Retrieved 19 March 2011. 
  8. Lənkəranda çay plantasiyalarının sahəsi genişləndirilir (Azerbaijani)
  9. History of Lankaran:Economy
  10. Turizm müəssisələri (Azerbaijani)
  11. [1]
  12. (Azerbaijani) The Voice of Happiness and Optimism: Jahan Talyshinskaya by Afruz Mammadova. Musigi-dunya.az
  13. "Асланов Ази Ахад оглы". Heroes of the country.  Unknown parameter |lang= ignored (|language= suggested) (help)
  14. "Павлов Михаил Александрович". Heroes of the country.  Unknown parameter |lang= ignored (|language= suggested) (help)
  15. "Tahmazov Pasha Gurban oglu". milliqahraman.az. 

External links[eedit | eedit soorce]